1st Grade - Make Up Word Problems

 
     
 
     
 
Newsletters:
 
     
 
 
1st
Addition and Subtraction
Make Up Word Problems
Create problem situations that might lead to given number sentences involving addition and subtraction.
The student will be able to create word problems that will lead to addition and subtraction problems.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

Look at the picture below and create a word problem and a corresponding number sentence to go along with the picture.

(Picture of three candy bars, little boy eats one. (3-1=2)

(2)

Look at the picture below and create a word problem and a corresponding number sentence to go along with the picture.

(6 kids playing ball. Two more come along. (6+2=8)

(3)

Look at the picture below and create a word problem and a corresponding number sentence to go along with the picture.

(4 boys on skateboards. 1 falls down) (4-1=3)

(4)

Look at the picture below and create a word problem and a corresponding number sentence to go along with the picture.

(7 duck swimming in a pond. Two fly away.) (7-2=5)

(5)

Look at the picture below and create a word problem and a corresponding number sentence to go along with the picture.

(9 balloons floating. 7 pop) (9-7=2)

Learning Tips

(1)

Toy Teasers: For this activity, you can use small toys that your child has a multiple amount of and that they can easily manipulate. Small toy cars, Barbie doll clothes, or Barbie accessories work well for this activity. Using these toys as manipulatives, give your child a word problem and ask them to demonstrate how they would show that particular problem using the manipulatives. For example, you may say, Three cars are driving down the road. Two cars crash. How many cars are left?” At this point your child would need to show three cars, two crashing, and then one car left. After you and your child have completed several scenarios like this, then you will present them with a set number of manipulatives, such as the cars, and ask them to create a word problem based upon what you have given them. For example, maybe you hand them five cars. They would need to come up with a situation or problem that develops into a word problem. They may need assistance of the first few problems, but this will become easier with practice. I would encourage you to take turns creating the problems, so that they child is receiving modeling of the activity from you and also has to evaluate if the problems you create are correct.

(2)

Zoo Adventure: One of the best ways for a child to practice this particular skill is in real life settings. One of my favorite places to practice this activity is at the zoo, with the different animals. If going to the zoo is not an option, your local pet store will work just as well. While at the zoo or pet store discuss the different animals that you see and ask your child to take note of anything they see in regards to the animal’s habitats. Next, demonstrate how to create a word problem based upon what you see. For example, the polar bear is being fed. The zoo keeper gave him 6 fish. He ate 2. How many are left? You can also encourage your child to draw a quick picture or make some notes to help them remember the different settings. A digital camera can also be a valuable tool for this activity. By taking pictures of the animals in their different habitats, your child can review the pictures at home and create their word problems based upon the pictures and their own memories of what they saw.

(3)

Restaurant Challenge: Restaurants are another wonderful environment that can assist in practicing this skill. The next time you and family are at a restaurant have your child take along a small notebook and a pencil. Ask them to jot down different things they see, people at tables, different food dishes, how many sodas are on the table, how many glasses of milk, how many people ate salad, etc. After the meal, go home and discuss what they saw by reviewing their notes and pictures in their notebook. Next, have them create several word problems that lead to addition or subtraction sentences based upon what they saw.

(4)

Grocery Store Saga: Going the grocery store can be a wonderful opportunity to practice this skill, while you also receive a little help with your shopping trip. While at the grocery store ask your child to assist you by obtaining multiple items (4 apples, 2 boxes of cookies, etc). Next ask them to create a scenario based upon the objects you have asked them to obtain. For example, we buy 4 apples. Dad eats 2. How many apples are left? Take turns creating and solving the problems. Not only is this a great activity to reinforce this skill, but it will also make your shopping trip go quickly as you receive a little help with your shopping list.

(5)

Situation Challenge: For this activity you will need blank index cards, a marker, paper, and a pencil. Take the index cards and write several addition signs and several subtraction signs on multiple cards. Next, on several other cards write words, or draw pictures of objects and places. Next, make three separate piles of cards. One pile should consist of the addition and subtraction signs (mixed up). Another pile should contain the objects and the final pile should contain the place cards. For this activity have your child select an addition or subtraction card (randomly), a place card, and an object card. From the cards they selected ask them to create a scenario (word problem) and a corresponding number sentence (addition or subtraction). Have your child write sentences and draw a corresponding picture on their paper based upon the cards they drew. Finally have them share their creation and discuss what they came up with. You may also take turns completing this activity. This will ensure that your child is being reinforced with proper modeling of this skill.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Pick a picture from the story “Rainbow Fish.” Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(2)

Recall a time you were at the grocery store with your family. Draw a picture that shows a scene from your trip. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(3)

Pick a picture from the story “The Very Hungry Caterpillar.” Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(4)

Remember a time you went to the park. Draw a picture that shows a scene from your trip. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(5)

Pick a picture from the story “The Gingerbread Man.” Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(6)

Remember a birthday party that you have attended. Draw a picture that shows a scene from the party. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(7)

Pick a picture from the story “The Three Bears.” Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(8)

Imagine you go to the beach with your friends. Draw a picture that shows a scene from your trip. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(9)

Pick a picture from the story “The Three Little Pigs.” Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(10)

Imagine you go to the zoo with your family. Draw a picture that shows a scene from your trip. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(11)

Pick a picture from the story “The Billy Goats Gruff.” Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(12)

Recall a time when you went to a restaurant to eat. Draw a picture that shows a scene from your trip. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(13)

Pick a picture from the story “Little Red Riding Hood...” Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(14)

Recall time when you were at a friend‘s house playing. Draw a picture that shows a scene from your adventure. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(15)

Pick a picture from the story “The Grouchy Ladybug.” Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(16)

Remember a time when you went to the movies. Draw a picture that shows a scene from your trip. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(17)

Pick a picture from the story “If You Give a Mouse a Cookie.” Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(18)

Remember a time when you were playing on the playground at school. Draw a picture that shows an activity. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(19)

Pick a picture from a Curious George book. Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(20)

Imagine you go to your grandma‘s house. Draw a picture that shows a scene from your trip. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(21)

Pick a picture from a Frog and Toad book. Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(22)

Imagine you go to Disneyland. Draw a picture that shows a scene from your trip. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(23)

Pick a picture from a Junie B. Jones book. Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

(24)

Recall a time when you have gone somewhere in your family‘s car. Draw a picture that shows a scene from your trip. Next create a word problem that matches your picture, along with a number sentence to match.

(25)

Pick a picture from your favorite book. Based upon the picture, create a word problem and matching number sentence. After you have created your problem, switch your paper with a partner and solve each other’s number sentences.

 

Related Games

 
 

Copyright ©2009 Big Purple Hippos, LLC