1st Grade - How To Set Up A Problem

 
     
 
     
 
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1st
Problem Solving
How to Set Up a Problem
Students will make decisions about how to set up a problem.
Your child will demonstrate appropriate reasoning skills to decide how to approach math problems to reach a correct solution.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What tool do you use to measure a liquid?

(2)

What tool do you use to measure the length or width of a solid?

(3)

What tool do you use to weigh something?

(4)

If you need help adding numbers, what math tools can you use?

(5)

If you need help subtracting numbers, what math tools can you use?

Learning Tips

(1)

Use everyday opportunities to reinforce critical thinking and reasoning skills. Although this is a math standard, the critical thinking skills necessary for this reasoning processing are applicable to everyday living experiences. When you are thinking through how to solve a problem, think out loud so that your child can see you modeling how to reason through what materials, strategies and approaches you choose for everyday problems.

(2)

Involve your child in making the family dinner at least once a week. Select the menu for the evening, and ask your child to what items will be needed and what steps (approach) you will need to prepare the meal. These experiences will assist your child in problem solving and finding the best approach.

(3)

Puzzle Time – choose an age appropriate puzzle to build with your child. Allow your child to lead the activity, and explain the best method for building the puzzle. If you child has difficulty with starting or at some point during the process, model the effective methods for puzzle building (i.e. sorting pieces by color themes or graphic similarities, placing all pieces face up so they are visible, and building the outline first).

(4)

Ask your child to help build the next toy he/she gets that must be assembled. Take the lead, but explain all the steps in the process and why it is important to read instructions, gather all the necessary tools first, and build the item in the appropriate order.

(5)

Craft Time – Build a craft with your child that requires the use of multiple manipulatives such as pencils, markers, crayons, scissors, glue and a ruler. Have a picture or finished model of the craft available so that your child can see the completed project. Before starting, as your child to explain the steps he or she thinks you will need to follow. Confirm or adjust his/her predictions as you complete the project together.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Would you use paperclips or a ruler to measure the length of a book?

(2)

What tool would you use to measure how tall you are?

(3)

What tool would you use to add tens and ones together?

(4)

How can you measure a small box of sand?

(5)

Which would be better to measure the weight of you pet, a ruler or a scale?

(6)

Which is heavier, an eraser or a pencil? How can you check your answer?

(7)

Which is longer, an eraser or a pencil? How can you check your answer?

(8)

Which is lighter, box of crayons or a book? How can you check your answer?

(9)

Which is heavier, a cup of sand or a cup of waterl? How can you check your answer?

(10)

Who is taller you or your brother/sister? How can you check your answer?

(11)

If you asked ten friends about their favorite fruit, how would you record their answers?

(12)

How would you track how many fruits you eat each day?

(13)

How would you track how many vegetables you eat each day?

(14)

How would you compare your answers for both fruits and vegetables?

(15)

If you have trouble adding numbers and don’t have any math manipulatives available, what can you do with a pencil and paper to help you?

(16)

If you have trouble subtracting numbers and don’t have any math manipulatives available, what can you do with a pencil and paper to help you?

(17)

How you can solve the following problem: 5 + ______ = 20

(18)

How you can solve the following problem: 15 - ______ = 8

(19)

How you can solve the following problem: 12 + ______ = 18

(20)

How you can solve the following problem: 19 - ______ = 7

(21)

How would you find the total length (in inches) of five crayons?

(22)

How would you find the total weight (in pounds) of apples?

(23)

How would you find the total volume (in ounces) of one cup of water?

(24)

How would you find the combined height (in feet and inches) of two friends?

(25)

How would you figure if an object sinks or floats?

 

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