1st Grade - Reading Words

 
     
 
     
 
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1st
Reading and Comprehension
Reading words
Read inflectional forms (e.g., -s, -ed, -ing) and root words (e.g., look, looked, looking).
The students will be able to read root words and the inflectional forms of words. For example, the students will be able to read the root word “look.” They will also be able to read the inflectional forms of the word “look.” The inflectional forms of the word look include; looks, looked, looking.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

Fill in the sentences below with the correct form of the word walk to complete the sentences.

Stan ____ to the park. (walks)

Stan has _____ to the park. (walked)

Stan is _____ to the park. (walking)

(2)

Fill in the sentences below with the correct form of the word talk to complete the sentences.

Sue _____ on the phone. (talks)

Sue is ______ on the phone. (talking)

Sue has ______ on the phone. (talked)

(3)

Fill in the sentences below with the correct form of the word clean to complete the sentences.

Larry _____ the kitchen. (cleans)

Larry has ______ the kitchen. (cleaned)

Larry is _____ the kitchen. (cleaning)

(4)

Fill in the sentences below with the correct form of the word look to complete the sentences.

Ashley has_____ at the picture. (looked)

Ashley is ______ at the picture. (looking)

Ashley ______ at the picture. (looks)

(5)

Fill in the sentences below with the correct form of the word climb to complete the sentences.

Doug _____ up the hill. (climbs)

Doug has ______ up the hill. (climbed)

Doug is _______ up the hill. (climbing)

Learning Tips

(1)

Ask your child to be a “word detective” and locate words that have inflectional ending (-s, -ed, -ing), when either reading out loud to them or when they are reading to you. Once they have located a word with an inflectional ending, also ask them to identify what the root word is as well.

(2)

Words Card Fun: For this activity you will need index cards, markers, and scissors. Cut one index card into thirds. On each one of the thirds, write one of the inflectional endings on the card (-s, -ed, -ing). On the other index cards write root words that can be changed by adding inflectional endings such as; look, climb, clean, etc. Have your child pick one root word card. Next, ask them to change the word. For example if they pick the root word card “look,” ask them to find the ending that will make “look” become “looks.”

(3)

Highlighters: Provide your child with 3 thin, different colored highlighters. Give them a magazine or newspaper article and have them highlight each inflectional ending (-s, -ed, -ing) in a different color. I recommend making a color key at the top of the page to help them stay consistent with the colors and the word endings. You can also have them do only one ending at a time so they extremely focused on each task at hand.

(4)

Family List: With the family word list, you can choose one inflectional ending to work on per week. One the top of a piece of paper, label it Family Word List For _____. In the blank spot indicate which inflectional ending you will be focusing on. For example if you chose to word on the –ed ending you would write –ed at the top. Once you have decided which ending you will be working with, let all of the members of your family know. For one week have a contest in your home to see how many words you can find with your inflectional ending. The person with the most words wins.

(5)

White boards: Using a small white board, have your child write words with the appropriate inflectional ending to complete sentences. For example, you can verbally give your child the following sentence. “The girl is _____ the book.” Ask your child what word would fit in the blank to complete the sentence. Some children may also need to see the sentence in print. If your child tends to be more of a visual learner, I would also recommend writing the sentence, with the blank included, on another white board. If your child does not generate possible word choices to complete the sentence, you can also provide them with a “word box.” In the example sentence above, the words for the word box would include; reading, reads, readed. Have your child try each word in the blank to find the appropriate answer and write the correct answer on their white boards.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Look at the words in the word box. Which word would show someone doing something if you add an –ing to the end of it? Circle the word that shows someone doing something if an –ing is added to the end of the word. (cook, hat, puzzle, bird)

(2)

Solve the riddle. A rabbit moves in this way to get from one place to another. (hops)

(3)

Change the underlined word to make the sentence make sense.

He like to fish. (likes, liked)

(4)

Write a word that has the –ing ending. Draw a picture of that word.

(5)

Write a word that has the –s ending. Draw a matching picture.

(6)

Write a word that has the –ed ending. Draw a matching picture.

(7)

Circle the word from the word box that can be changed by adding –s.

(oxen, book, mail)

(8)

Draw a line under the word from the word box that can be changed by adding –ed.

(read, run, jump)

(9)

Make a box around the word that can be changed by adding –ing.

(tiger, help, food)

(10)

Circle the words that have the –ing ending.

(running, copying, jumped, falls)

(11)

The boy look in the store. Look at the underlined word in the sentence. Change the underlined word, so that the sentence will be correct. (looks, looked)

(12)

Underline the words that have the –ed ending.

(guessed, worked, fell, found, sled)

(13)

Solve the riddle. After dinner, the girl did the dishes. She is _____.

(cleaning, cleaner, cleaned)

(14)

The girl went to the park. She likes play on the swings. Change the underlined word to make this sentence correct. (playing)

(15)

Write 3 words that have the –ing ending.

(16)

Write 3 words that have the –s ending.


(17)

Write 3 words that have the –ed ending.

(18)

Complete the sentence. He _______ the book. (reads, reading, reader)

(19)

Complete the missing word. I am done reading my book. I am __________. (finish, finishing, finished)

(20)

Complete the sentence with the correct word.

The girls were _____ in the kitchen. (cooking, cooks, cooked)

(21)

He ______ up the big mountain. (climbing, climbed, climber)

(22)

They are ________ their dinner. (eats, eating, eaten)

(23)

The girl __________ when she hears music. (dancing, danced, dances)

(24)

The cat was _____ under the table. (sleep, slept, sleeping)

(25)

The monkey was _______ his back. (scratching, scratched, scratches)

 

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