1st Grade - Relating Prior Knowledge

 
     
 
     
 
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1st
Reading and Comprehension
Relating prior knowledge
Relate prior knowledge to textual information.
Students will be able to relate their previous experiences and understanding to textual information and stories.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

In this picture, are the children indoors or outdoors? Do you like to do activities inside or outside?

(2)

What are the children in the story doing? What is your favorite activity?

(3)

What's happening in this picture? Have you ever done something like this?

(4)

What are the children in this picture doing?

(5)

Have you ever done this activity before?

Learning Tips

(1)

Anytime your child is reading to you or you are reading to your child, always make sure that you discuss the setting and events in the story and relate any prior experiences your child may have had. For example, if you are reading a story about camping and your child have been camping; discuss their experience to that of the characters in the story.

(2)

Picture Walk: Before beginning a new story with your child, take them on a "picture walk" of the book. A picture walk involves looking at the illustrations in a story before examining any of the text. As you discuss the illustrations, you and your child can make predictions as to what the story will be about and also relate any prior experiences or exposure your child may have had that are similar to the events or places in the story.

(3)

Picture Card Sort: For this activity you will need to gather a variety of pictures of activities and places. The pictures should include places, activities, and events that your child is familiar with and some that are not so familiar. Have your child sort the pictures into the piles of things your child is familiar a pile of things that they are not familiar with. Next discuss their experience of familiar pictures. Then move to the pile of unfamiliar pictures. Discuss what is occurring in each picture. Provide examples and additional information to help increase their knowledge and understand.

(4)

Brainstorm card- When preparing to present a text that contains information that your child may not be familiar with, you can have them complete a “brainstorm card.” A brainstorm card is a graphic organizer in which you and your child will determine what they know, what they want to know, and then what they learned (after the information has been presented). For sample graphic organizers (brainstorm charts) visit the link below.

http://www.teach-nology.com/worksheets/graphic/kwl/

http://www.teach-nology.com/worksheets/graphic/


(5)

Charades: For this activity you will need to create game cards that list people, places, or events on them. This game can be fun for the entire family and will assist child in relating personal experiences, along with obtaining new information. Your child will need to pick a card and “act out” what it states on the card. They may only “act” and not speak to assist people in guessing what their card said.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Name one activity the kids are doing in the picture. Write a sentence about what they are doing.

(2)

Look at this setting. Where does this picture take place? Have you ever been somewhere like this?

(3)

Read the following short story. What was the problem in the story? Have you ever had a problem similar to this? If so, what did you do? Write about your experience.

(4)

Read a story of your choice. Where does the story take place? Are you familiar with this type of setting? Write one new thing you learned about this setting.

(5)

Look at the picture below. Where does this picture take place? Write one sentence that describes the setting.

(6)

What is happening in this picture? Tell your partner what happened. Describe if anything like this has ever happened to you.

(7)

Look at the picture. Circle the sentence that best describes what is happening.

A) The boy is riding his bike.

B) The girl is riding her bike.

C) The boy fell off of his bike.

(8)

Look at the picture. Circle the sentence that best describes what is happening

A) The cake fell on the floor.

B) The dog fell on the cake.

C) The girl fell when she was eating cake.

(9)

Look at the picture. Circle the sentence that best describes what is happening.

A) The bird flew in the sky.

B) The bird flew past the tree.

C) The bird flew in the open window.

(10)

Think about a fun place that you have been. Draw a picture of it.

(11)

Describe an activity that you like to do. Have you ever read a story that had that activity in it? Tell a partner about that story.

(12)

Look at the 2 pictures below. Circle the happy face if the picture could happen. Circle the sad face if the picture could not happen. (Cow sitting at a desk in a classroom, kid in a desk at a classroom)

(13)

Look at the 3 pictures below (kids playing baseball, basketball, football). What are these types of activities? (sports) Do you do any activities like this? If so, what?

(14)

Look at the picture (child holing United States flag saying the Pledge of Allegiance). What is the girl doing? Have you ever participated in this activity? Why do we do this?

(15)

Look at the picture. (children trick-or-treating) What time of year is it? What holiday are the kids celebrating? (fall, Halloween)

(16)

Look at the picture. (animals at cages in the zoo) Where are the animals? How do you know?

(17)

Look at the picture. (children making a snowman) What are the children doing? Have you ever done an activity like this?

(18)

Look at the picture. (children making a snowman) What time of weather do you need for this activity? What time of year does this weather occur?

(19)

What do you like to do during the winter? Draw a picture of you during your favorite season and write 3 sentences to match your picture.

(20)

What do you like to do during the summer? Draw a picture of you doing your favorite summertime activity. Write 3 sentences to match your picture.

(21)

What do you like to do during the spring? Draw a picture of you doing your favorite springtime activity. Write 3 sentences to match your picture.

(22)

What do you like to do during the fall? Draw a picture of you doing your favorite Fall activity. Write 3 sentences to match your picture.

(23)

What do you like to do when it rains? Draw a picture of what you do in rainy weather.

(24)

What do you like to do when it is windy? Draw a picture of what you do in windy weather. Write a sentence to describe this activity.

(25)

Look at the picture. Circle the sentence that best describes what is happening.

A) The ball is on the grass.

B) The ball is on the bench.

C) The ball is under the tree.


 

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