Confirm predictions about what will happen next in a text by identifying key words (i.e., signpost words).
Your child will recognize the importance of prediction in reading. He/she will make predictions while reading using a variety of strategies including visual and contextual clues. Specifically, your child will understand that key words, also known as signpost words, can help confirm whether or not his/her predictions are correct.
Before reading a new picture book, take a “Picture Walk” with your child. During a “Picture Walk” you read only the pictures in a story without reading the words. Go through each page of the story and talk about the illustrations. Ask your child to describe what he/she sees in the picture and based solely on the illustrations, predict what might happen next. After going through the entire book, go back and read the story together. Compare and contrast your child’s predictions with what actually happened in the story.
When reading any new book, ask your child questions about the story as it unfolds on each page. Sometimes, questions can be asked at the end of a sentence, and sometimes it is more appropriate to wait until the end of the page. As part of these questions, be sure to ask your child to restate what has just happened and why he/she thinks it occurred.
As you read together, ask your child questions that get him/her thinking about what will happen next in the story. Ask him/her who, what, why, when type questions that get him/her thinking about coming events.
Choose any of the “If You Give a Mouse a …” in the Neimeroff series and discuss cause and effect.
As you read together, remind your child to look for key words, sometimes called signposts or clue words, that let him/her know that an event is about to take place in the book. A short list of these words includes: consequently, furthermore, nevertheless, instead, moreover, then, thus, meanwhile, also, however, still, and therefore. Count how many times you see these in the story.