1st Grade - Retelling Stories

 
     
 
     
 
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1st
Stories
Retelling stories
Retell the central ideas of simple expository or narrative passages.
Students will be able to read and understand the main ideas of narrative (stories) and expository (factual) text.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What happened in the story?

(2)

What was the problem in the story?

(3)

What did the character(s) in the story do?

(4)

Was the problem in the story solved? If so, how?

(5)

What does this passage tell you about?

Learning Tips

(1)

When reading always discusses the story elements (setting, characters, problem, solution) as you go. This will help to ensure understanding along the way. When discussing these elements, make sure to ask questions, to have your child use their critical thinking skills. It will assist in ensuring a deeper understanding of the text, if your child has to generate the answers to the questions themselves. Some sample questions may include; Who are the characters in this story? Where does the story take place? What is the setting of the story? What is happening in the story? Is there a problem? What is the problem? Who is trying to solve the problem in the story? How are they tiring to solve it? What happens in the story? How does the story end? Was the problem solved?

(2)

Wipe off chart: For this activity, you will need to make a graphic organizer. Sample graphic organizers can be found at the link below or you can create your own based upon your child's needs. You can create boxes large enough for your child to either draw in or write words in. The boxes can be labeled with the following information; who, what, where, when, how. You can also use the labels setting, characters, problem, events, and solution. You can either make copies of these organizers to complete and keep for different stories, or you can laminate one and use wipe off markers when filling in the information for each story. After the organizer has been completed use it to have your child tell you about the story or expository text.

(3)

When your child is reading a piece of expository material, have them use a highlighter to underline the important facts and information that the passage is providing. Once they have completed the highlighting, they will then need to take that information and put it into their own words. Adding a graphic organizer to this activity can be helpful as well. See the link below for sample organizers.

(4)

Have your child either read or listen to a narrative story. After they have finished either reading or listening they will need to retell what happened in their own words to ensure a full understanding of the text. Prompting cards can assist with this activity. Label one index card for each of the following words; setting characters, problem, events (first, next, then), resolution (finally). Ask then to lay the cards out on the table in order (setting, characters, problem, events, and resolution). Have them point to each card as they tell you what happened in the story. If they seem to be having a difficult time with this activity, then have them draw pictures on each of the labeled to assist in their oral expression of the story. This activity can also be done with expository text. You will label the cards as follows for expository; what, where, when, how, why, who. A picture can also be drawn on these cards as well.

(5)

Story/ Fact Sort: With this activity your child will be provided with a several blank index cards. On each card they can either draw or write facts and information from the story/passage they read. Next, use a large piece of colored poster board. At the top you will need to make 3 columns. Important Information, Not Important, Not Sure (?). Your child will then need to sort the cards they made into the appropriate columns. After they have sorted, discuss with your child the placement of their cards. Assist them, if any of the cards need to be rearranged. Next, help your child to take all of the cards in the "Important Facts" column and discuss why these facts are important and what happened in the story.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

What is expository text? (text that is factual, provides information, does not contain story elements)

(2)

What is narrative text? (text that tells a story, contains a beginning, middle, and ending, and contains the story elements-setting, characters, plot)

(3)

Read the following story. Write one sentence to tell what happens in this story.

Tommy and John went to the book store.

They were both looking at books.

John wanted a book, but didn’t have any money.

Soon, John saw Tommy take a book and stick it in his jacket!

What should John do?

(4)

Read the following story and draw a picture that shows the main idea.

Tommy and John went to the book store.

They were both looking at books.

John wanted a book, but didn’t have any money.

Soon, John saw Tommy take a book and stick it in his jacket!

What should John do?

(5)

Read the following passage. Answer the following questions.

Gorillas are large animals that live in tropical rain forests.

They eat mostly plants.

They live in small groups of other gorillas.

They live to be about 35 years old.


What is this passage about? (gorillas)

(6)

Read the following passage. Answer the following questions.

Gorillas are large animals that live in tropical rain forests.

They eat mostly plants.

They live in small groups of other gorillas.

They live to be about 35 years old.


Write a sentence about something new you learned from this passage.

(7)

Read the following passage. Answer the following questions.

Gorillas are large animals that live in tropical rain forests.

They eat mostly plants.

They live in small groups of other gorillas.

They live to be about 35 years old.


What do gorillas eat?

(8)

Read the following passage and answer the questions below.

A flower begins by planting a seed in the soil.

After a seed is planted it needs water, sunlight, and air to grow. The seed begin to sprout. The sprout will grow and pop out above the ground. The sprout will grow a stem. The stem will grow leaves and finally a flower will form.


What is this passage about? Draw a picture to show you understand what you read.

(9)

Read the following passage and answer the questions below.


A flower begins by planting a seed in the soil.

After a seed is planted it needs water, sunlight, and air to grow. The seed begin to sprout. The sprout will grow and pop out above the ground. The sprout will grow a stem. The stem will grow leaves and finally a flower will form.


Write a sentence telling something new that you learned from this passage.

(10)

Read the following passage and answer the questions below.


A flower begins by planting a seed in the soil.

After a seed is planted it needs water, sunlight, and air to grow. The seed begin to sprout. The sprout will grow and pop out above the ground. The sprout will grow a stem. The stem will grow leaves and finally a flower will form.


Write 2 sentences explaining what this passage is about.

(11)

Read the following passage and answer the questions below.


A flower begins by planting a seed in the soil.

After a seed is planted it needs water, sunlight, and air to grow. The seed begin to sprout. The sprout will grow and pop out above the ground. The sprout will grow a stem. The stem will grow leaves and finally a flower will form.


Based upon the information above, draw a label a picture to show that you understand what you read.

(12)

Read the following story and answer the questions below.


Sam and Ted are friends. They like to go to the park together and play in the sandbox. Today Sam brought his sand toys with him. Ted asked Sam to help him build a sand castle, but Sam does not want o help. Ted gets mad and goes home. Sam is sad.


Who were the characters in this story? (Sam and Ted)

(13)

Read the following story and answer the questions below.


Sam and Ted are friends. They like to go to the park together and play in the sandbox. Today Sam brought his sand toys with him. Ted asked Sam to help him build a sand castle, but Sam does not want o help. Ted gets mad and goes home. Sam is sad.


What is this story about? (Sam and Ted’s trip to the park.)

(14)

Read the following story and answer the questions below.


Sam and Ted are friends. They like to go to the park together and play in the sandbox. Today Sam brought his sand toys with him. Ted asked Sam to help him build a sand castle, but Sam does not want o help. Ted gets mad and goes home. Sam is sad.


Draw a picture of something that happened in this story.

(15)

Read the following story and answer the questions below.


Sam and Ted are friends. They like to go to the park together and play in the sandbox. Today Sam brought his sand toys with him. Ted asked Sam to help him build a sand castle, but Sam does not want o help. Ted gets mad and goes home. Sam is sad.


What is the problem in this story? (Sam does not want to help Ted build a sand castle.)

(16)

Read the following story and answer the questions below.


Sam and Ted are friends. They like to go to the park together and play in the sandbox. Today Sam brought his sand toys with him. Ted asked Sam to help him build a sand castle, but Sam does not want o help. Ted gets mad and goes home. Sam is sad.


Write one sentence that tells what this story is about.

(17)

Read the following story and answer the questions below.


Nicky and Joey are brothers. They like to play together. Today they are playing with Joey’s trains. They are working together to build the track. Nicky is not watching what he is doing. He breaks part of the track. Joey is sad and starts to cry.


Draw a picture that shows the problem in this story.

(18)

Read the following story and answer the questions below.


Nicky and Joey are brothers. They like to play together. Today they are playing with Joey’s trains. They are working together to build the track. Nicky is not watching what he is doing. He breaks part of the track. Joey is sad and starts to cry.


Write a sentence to explain what this story is about.

(19)

Read the following story and answer the questions below.


Nicky and Joey are brothers. They like to play together. Today they are playing with Joey’s trains. They are working together to build the track. Nicky is not watching what he is doing. He breaks part of the track. Joey is sad and starts to cry.


Who are the characters in this story? (Joey and Nicky)


(20)

Read the following story and answer the questions below.


Nicky and Joey are brothers. They like to play together. Today they are playing with Joey’s trains. They are working together to build the track. Nicky is not watching what he is doing. He breaks part of the track. Joey is sad and starts to cry.

After reading this story, do you know where the setting is? (no it’s not clear)

(21)

Read the following story and answer the questions below.


Nicky and Joey are brothers. They like to play together. Today they are playing with Joey’s trains. They are working together to build the track. Nicky is not watching what he is doing. He breaks part of the track. Joey is sad and starts to cry.

What do we know about Joey and Nicky? (They are brothers. They like to play together.)

(22)

Read the following passage and answer the questions below.


Cheetahs are the fastest land animal in the world. They can run up to 65 miles per hour. They can only do this for a short period of time and usually run this fast when they are hunting. Cheetahs are brown with dark spots. They like to eat meat.


Draw a picture of what this passage is about.

(23)

Read the following passage and answer the questions below.


Cheetahs are the fastest land animal in the world. They can run up to 65 miles per hour. They can only do this for a short period of time and usually run this fast when they are hunting. Cheetahs are brown with dark spots. They like to eat meat.


Write a sentence about something that you learned about cheetahs.

(24)

Read the following passage and answer the questions below.


Cheetahs are the fastest land animal in the world. They can run up to 65 miles per hour. They can only do this for a short period of time and usually run this fast when they are hunting. Cheetahs are brown with dark spots. They like to eat meat.


Why do cheetahs run fast? (To catch whatever they are hunting)

(25)

Read the following passage and answer the questions below.


Cheetahs are the fastest land animal in the world. They can run up to 65 miles per hour. They can only do this for a short period of time and usually run this fast when they are hunting. Cheetahs are brown with dark spots. They like to eat meat.


Write a sentence about something g else you would like to learn about cheetahs.

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