1st Grade - Sounds In Single-syllable Words

 
     
 
     
 
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1st
Letter and Word Sounds
Sounds in single-syllable words
Distinguishing initial, medial, and final sounds in single syllable words.
The students will be able to distinguish the first (initial), middle (medial), and last (final) sounds in one syllable words. (ex: cat /c/ /a/ /t/) /c/ is the initial or first sound, /a/ is the middle or medial sound, and /t/ is the last of final sound. This skill will allow them to have the ability to begin to change sounds in words to form new words.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What is the first sound you hear in the word hat? /h/

(2)

What is the sound in the middle of the word pig? /i/

(3)

Tell me the sound that you hear at the end of the word fall? /l/

(4)

Where do you hear the /a/ sound in the word apple? (beginning)

(5)

Is the /o/ sound at the beginning, middle, or end of the word log? (middle)

Learning Tips

(1)

Beginning, middle, end signs: For this game, you will need to make a stack of single syllable word cards (example words: cat, hat, mat, fan, pan, ran, sun, run, fun, mitt, sit, pit, rip, sip, lip, top, bop, cop). Mix up the cards and have your child pick one and place it face up in front of them. Using a popsicle stick as a pointer, have your child point to the letter that make a certain sound. For example, if the word on the card is “hot” and you could say “Find the letter that makes the /t/ sound.” At this time your child, your child would point to the “t.” Also, you can ask your child to read the word card and then ask them to tell you what sound they hear in the beginning, middle, or end of the word.


(2)

Sound Stopper: This game can be played with 2 or more players and one adult. Each child should be given a popsicle stick with a stop sign decorated on the end of it. They will also be given a paper that has three lines and under each line will be one of the following words: beginning, middle, end. The adult will show the child a simple consonant/vowel/consonant word (example words: cat, hat, mat, fan, pan, ran, sun, run, fun, mitt, sit, pit, rip, sip, lip, top, bop, cop). The children will take turns reading the word card. After a child has read the card, the adult will then ask the children to use their stop sign pointers and identify where a particular sound is. For example, if the word on the card is “red,” the adult may say “Show me where the /e/ sound is in the word “red.” The children would then need to point to appropriate spot (middle) on their sheet of paper.

(3)

This activity can be played with 3 or more children and one adult. Write out each letter of the alphabet (1 letter per one piece of paper). The children will be give a simple 3 letter (consonant/vowel/consonant) word (example words: cat, hat, mat, fan, pan, ran, sun, run, fun, mitt, sit, pit, rip, sip, lip, top, bop, cop). The three children will then work as a team to spell their word. Next the adult will ask the children to raise different letters in the air. “Show me the letter that is in the middle of the word.” After each child has shown their letter, the adult will then ask the children to identify which sound is at the beginning, middle, or end of the word.

(4)

Wiki Stick Fun: Children love to be able to use manipulative. “Wiki sticks” are bendable sticks with a wax covering. Children can manipulate these sticks into letters to create simple 3 letter words. The adult can give the child a word or show them a flashcard of the word. The child will then create the word using the wiki sticks. Upon completion of the word, the adult can ask the child a series of questions to reinforce this skill.

-What letter is in the (beginning, middle, end) of the word cat?

-What sound do you hear in the beginning, middle, end of the word cat?


(5)

Use picture flashcards that have illustrations of simple three 3 letter words, such as cat, mat, hat, bat, rat, sat, sun, run, bun. Have the child verbally identify the picture and then ask them to identify the sounds they hear at the beginning, middle, and end. You can also ask them when they hear a specific sound in each word.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Read the following words. Underline the word that had the /p/ sound at the end of it. (land, crab, camp)

(2)

In the word sand, where do you hear the /a/ sound? (beginning, middle, or end)

(3)

In the word gag, what two places go you hear the /g/ sound? (beginning, end)

(4)

What sound is at the beginning of the word fast? /f/

(5)

With the word ram, please underline where you hear the /m/ sound.

(6)

Read the following words: bass, red, logs, pin

Circle the word or words that have the /s/ sound at the end of it.

(7)

Write a word that has the /o/ sound in the middle.

(8)

Write a word that has the /a/ sound in the middle.

(9)

Write a word that has the /e/ sound in the middle.

(10)

Write a word that has the /i/ sound in the middle.

(11)


Write a word that has the /u/ sound in the middle.

(12)

In the word sap, what sounds do you hear at the beginning, middle, and at the end? /s/, /a/, /p/

(13)

Do any of the following words have the /i/ sound in the middle? frog, hand, sun, lot

(14)

Write a word that has the /s/ sound at the beginning.

(15)

Write a word that has the /s/ sound at the end.

(16)

In the word class, where is the /c/ sound?

(17)

The words glad and lad have something in common, what is it? (both have /d/ sound at the end of the word)

(18)

What do the words ram and rag have in common? /r/ sound at the beginning and /a/ sound in the middle

(19)

What is different about the words ram and rag? (end sounds are different)

(20)

Read the following words: tap, pat

What do you notice about these words? (same middle sound) (both words have same sounds, just in different places)

(21)

Write a word that has the /p/ sound at the beginning of the word.

(22)

Where is the /u/ sound in the word up?

(23)

What is the ending sound in the word up?

(24)

Underline where you hear the /u/ sound in the word under.

(25)

Circle the word that has the /o/ sound at the beginning of the word. log, on, frog

 

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