5th Grade - Organization And Text Analysis

Reading and Comprehension
Organization and text analysis
Analyze text that is organized in sequential or chronological order.
While reading, be able to understand why some events go before or after others.

Sample Problems


What does chronological mean? (relating to the order of time)


What words or phrases are clues that events are in sequence? (first, second, third, before, not long after, after that, next, finally, then)


True or False: Using transitional words and phrases helps text read more smoothly and provides organization. (true)


True or False: In nonfiction, the main idea is often at the beginning. (true)


Which of these words is NOT a transition word that shows sequence: next, finally, beyond, then. (beyond)

Learning Tips



Sequence – a logical order, usually relating to time

Chronological orderarranged according to time

Transition words – words or phrases that help bring two ideas together


Timeline of Your Life

Get ten post-it notes or index cards. One each one, write an important event from your life and how old you were at the time it happened. Start with your birth. Then paste your events in order and add illustrations. You can give your finished poster to your parents or hang it on your wall.


Write Your Own Story

Cut out a dozen pictures that catch your interest from a magazine. Then put the pictures in order and write a story about them, using the pictures as the illustrations. How did you decide on that order? Could you have chosen a different order? What words or phrases did you use in your writing to let your readers know the order?


Story Wheel

Think of one of your favorite stories, one that you know really well. Think about its beginning, middle, and end. What are the most important events that happen in the story? Choose three from each part, and then write those nine events in a circle like the one you see below. Spin the circle around and pretend the story started with the event that lands on the top. How would the story have been different? Would it have been as good of a story?


Comic Strips

Comic strips can be really funny. Choose a few good ones from the newspaper and cut them out. Then cut out the squares inside and see if you can put them back together. If you get the order wrong, is the comic as funny?

Extra Help Problems


True or False: It doesn’t matter what order you read a comic strip. (false)


True or False: You can list events in any order when writing a paragraph and the reader will figure out what you mean. (false)


Do these words indicate sequence: therefore, as a result, so. (no, they indicate cause and effect)


Which words can you use to indicate that something occurs at the end? (finally, at the end, in conclusion)


What comes before third? (second)


What comes before second? (first)


What comes after third? (fourth)


True or False: The sequence of events is important in fiction and nonfiction. (true)


Which words can you use to indicate that something occurs at the start? (first, initially, in the beginning)


Stories usually have how many parts? (three)


What are the three parts of stories called? (beginning, middle, end)


True or False: Text doesn’t have to make sense. (false)


True or False: Authors usually don’t have a sequence in mind when they write. (false)


True or False: When you summarize a story, you should include as many details as you can. (false, the main ideas should be the focus)


What are the uses of transition words? (sequencing, cause and effect, compare and contrast, summary, illustration, direction)


True or False: Sequencing is important when you give the steps in a process. (true)


True or False: When you put events in chronological order, you start with the ones that happened most recently. (false)


What are transition words you can use to mean “next”? (later on, then)


When we read or write about the events in a person’s life, such as in a biography, what is usually the first event? (his or her birth)


True or False: When you give instructions to someone, such as baking a cake, it’s okay to leave out a few steps. (false)


Which transition words can you use to mean “at the end”? (in conclusion, in summary, finally)


What is another way to say “at the same time”? (simultaneously)


How many transition words appear in this sentence? First we went to the zoo, and then we headed home. (two: first, then)


Would you expect to use transition words such as first, second, and third more when writing a recipe or describing someone’s appearance? (writing a recipe)


Does it make more sense to thing of a sequence of events as a chain of links or the arrangement of stars in the sky? (connected like a chain of links)


Related Games


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