5th Grade - Capitalization

 
     
 
     
 
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5th
Grammar
Capitalization
Use correct capitalization.
Be able to know when to capitalize letters for words that always get a capital letter (such as proper names) and for words that get a capital letter in certain context (such as compass directions like north or south and titles)
 

Sample Problems

(1)

Which pronoun do you always capitalize? (I)

(2)

Do you capitalize the names of planets? (yes)

(3)

Do you capitalize these words always, sometimes, or never:

Mr., Mrs., Ms. (always)

(4)

Do you capitalize these words always, sometimes, or never:

president, mayor, doctor (sometimes, depending on context)

(5)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

Jed is a junior in high school. (yes)

Learning Tips

(1)

What Gets A Capital Letter?


The following things should be capitalized:


- The pronoun “I”, names and initials, and titles before a person’s name, such as Mr., Ms., Mrs., and Dr. For example,

I went with Mary, Sue, and T.J. to see Dr. James.


- The first word in a sentence or quotation


- The first word in the greeting and closing of a letter


- The names of cities, states, countries, streets, buildings, bridges, and geographical places


- The names of the months, days of the week, and holidays


- The important words in the titles of books, movies, songs, newspapers, and magazines


- The names of schools, institutions, and businesses


- The names of nationalities, religions, organization, and political parties, such as Democrats and Republicans


- Compass points when used as names for specific areas of the country or world


- School courses, languages, country names used as adjectives such as Arabic


- The names of planets and stars, such as Pluto


(2)

Specific Names Get Capitalized


It seems like lots of things get capitalized! One easy rule to remember is that if something is a specific or proper name, whether of a country, person, or course in school, it gets a capital letter.


For example, notice the four things that are capitalized in this sentence:


Dr. Kurt is teaching Italian during the Spring semester.


Seasons are not capitalized when they are used generally, like in this example:


My favorite time of year is spring.



(3)

Titles of Artistic Works


Titles of books, plays, newspapers, poems, articles, magazines, movies, and songs are treated in special ways.


For ALL titles: capitalize all the words in a title except articles (the, a, an), short prepositions (to, on, etc), and short conjunctions (and, but, for, etc). The first word and last word are always capitalized.


For example, titles with correct capitalization include:

So You Want to Be a Rock Star?

Around the World in Eighty Days

Bill and Pete Go Down the Nile


Underline the titles of books, movies, television programs, and the names of newspapers and magazines.


For examples you should underline:


A book: Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince

A newspaper: The New York Times

A television show: Sesame Street


Use quotation marks around the titles of stories, newspaper or magazine articles, essays, songs, and most poems.


A song: “Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star”

An article: “Flight Delays Leave Passengers Stranded”

A poem: “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere”


(4)

Sometimes You Do and Sometimes You Don’t: Compass Points

Capitalize words like north, south, east, northeast, and west when they are names of specific areas of the country or the world. Do not capitalize these terms when they mean a direction.

Study these correct examples:

The North won the Civil War.

We are headed to East Texas.

Go ten miles north and then two miles east.

(5)

Titles and Positions


Titles that come before a name are capitalized:

Mayor Hopper

President Lincoln

Vice President Gore


Titles that come after a name are NOT capitalized:

Garrett Simms, the president of that company

The mayor of the town, Mr. Hooper


Extra Help Problems

(1)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

She said, "bees love honey.” (no)

(2)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

Mr. Preston, the president of the company, parks in a special spot. (yes)

(3)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

I live in the Southern part of the state. (no)

(4)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

My favorite time of year is spring. (yes)

(5)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

Sincerely Yours, Harold (no)

(6)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

The President of the United States will visit our town. (no)

(7)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

Let’s go to the movies on Saturday.

(yes)

(8)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

We went water skiing on lake Tahoe.

(no)

(9)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

Some day I want to go to college at Stanford University. (yes)

(10)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

We are going on a field trip to the White house.

(no)

(11)

Are the underlined words capitalized correctly?

Do you get labor day off from school?

(no)

(12)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

The colors of Christmas are red and green.

(yes)

(13)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

Saturn is very favorite planet, but Tom’s is mars.

(no)

(14)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

Halley’s comet only comes by once in a lifetime.

(no)

(15)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

The old professor ate lunch with Professor McGill.

(yes)

(16)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

My cousin lives with Aunt Nancy.

(yes)

(17)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

His name is Devon Williams, Jr.

(yes)

(18)

Is the underlined title capitalized correctly?

My favorite book right now is Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince.

(yes)

(19)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

One of the most famous shipwreck’s of all time is that of the titanic.

(no)

(20)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

Let’s go to the lake to cool off.

(yes)

(21)

Is the underlined phrase capitalized correctly?

He will attend Piedmont High School.

(yes)

(22)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

He will be a freshman in high school.

(yes)

(23)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

Mary Sue is running for President of our class.

(no)

(24)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

We will go to history class after gym.

(yes)

(25)

Is the underlined word capitalized correctly?

I love california cheese.

(no)

 

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