5th Grade - Using Verbs, Modifiers And Pronouns

 
     
 
     
 
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5th
Grammar
Using verbs, modifiers and pronouns
Identify and correctly use verbs that are often misused (e.g., lie - lay, sit - set, rise - raise), modifiers, and pronouns.
Be able to appropriately use words that are often confused, such as lay/lie, accept/except, affect/effect, rise/raise, by replacing their meanings in the sentence to see which fits or by determining if the sentence has a direct object.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What is a direct object? (A noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb.)

(2)

Does “raise” or “rise” require a direct object? (raise)

(3)

Does “lay” or “lie” require a direct object? (lay)

(4)

What’s a good technique to use if you want to know if you should use affect or effect? (look at the part of speech that is required, either noun or verb, or see which definition fits)

(5)

Choose the correct word:

The landlord will [rise/raise] the rent next month. (raise)

Learning Tips

(1)

Vocabulary

Direct object- a noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb

Modifier- a word or phrase that adds information to another element in the sentence; a modifier can be an adjective or adverb.

Pronoun- a word that replaces a noun in a sentence, such as he, they, him, or we.

(2)

Accept and Except

Affect and effect are very easy to get confused since they only differ in the first letter. Here are their meanings.

Accept

Except

A verb meaning “to receive”

(It can have a direct object but doesn’t require one.)



A verb meaning “to leave out”

or a preposition meaning “excluding”



For example:

I will ______ the invitation to the party.

Replace the definition in the sentence to see which makes sense.

I will receive the invitation to the party. Sounds good! Accept works.

I will leave out the invitation to the party. Sounds wrong.

I will excluding the invitation to the party. This sounds really wrong, since we are replacing a verb with a preposition- I don’t think so!


(3)

Affect and Effect

Affect and effect are very easy to get confused. After all, when you affect a situation, you have an effect on it. Here are their most common meanings.

Affect

Effect

A verb meaning “have an influence on”




A noun meaning “the results of an action”

Less commonly, a verb meaning “to create” (usually followed by the word “change”)



There are several ways to figure out which is correct. You can look to see which part of speech will fit (either verb or noun),

or

you can try out the definitions in the sentence and see which one makes sense.



For example:

Her attitude will ______ her grade in this class.

Replace the definition in the sentence to see which makes sense.

Her attitude will have an influence on her grade in this class. Sounds right. Affect works!

Her attitude will the results of an action her grade in this class. Sounds wrong, since it’s the wrong part of speech.



The _______ of the drugs will stay for some time.

The have an influence on of the drugs will stay for some time. Sounds wrong.

The results of the drugs will stay for some time. That’s right.



(4)

Lie and Lay

Lie and lay are very easy to get confused since they sound so similar. Here are their meanings.

Lie

Lay

A verb meaning “to rest.”

It doesn’t need a direct object.



A verb meaning “to place or put something down.”

Lay requires a direct object.



You can replace their meanings in the sentence to see which one fits better, or you can see if there is a direct object.

Direct Object?

Yes-> use lay No-> use lie.





For example:

_____ here until you feel better.

Direct Object? No: Here is not a noun, so here is not a direct object. Lie here until you feel better.



_____ the book here.

Direct Object? Yes: What are you laying? The book. That’s a noun, so it’s a direct object. Lay the book here.



______ it to rest.

Direct Object? Yes: What are you laying? It. That’s a pronoun, so it’s a direct object (you are laying something or someone to rest). Lay it to rest.



Lie and lay are especially tricky because they are both irregular verbs. Notice the past tense of lie is lay!

Present Tense

-ing Form

Past Tense

Past Participle

lie

lying

lay

has, have, had lain

lay

laying

laid

has, have, had laid



(5)

Rise and Raise

Rise and raise are very easy to get confused since they sound so similar and differ by only one letter. Here are their meanings.

Rise

Raise

A verb meaning “to get up” or “to go up”

It doesn’t need a direct object.



A verb meaning “to lift” or “to grow”

Raise requires a direct object.



You can replace their meanings in the sentence to see which one fits better, or you can see if there is a direct object. If there is, use raise. If not, use rise.

Direct Object?

Yes-> use raise No-> use rise.







For example:

The curtain _______.

Direct Object? No. Not raise then. The curtain goes up. Sounds good. The curtain rises.



The girl _____ her hand.

Direct Object? Yes: What is the girl raising? Her hand. The girl raises her hand.



Raise is a regular verb, but rise is irregular.

Present Tense

-ing Form

Past Tense

Past Participle

rise

rising

rose

has, have, had risen

raise

raising

raised

has, have, had raised



(6)

More Confusion

Think of other words that are easy to confuse. Look up their meanings, parts of speech, and whether they need direct objects. Keep a list of them handy when you are writing. Some to look up include all ready and already, sit and set, their and they’re and there.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Choose the correct word: I [lay/lie] the baby in the crib. (lay)

(2)

Choose the correct word: I would go [accept/except] I already have plans. (except)

(3)

Choose the correct word: She [laid/lied] the dress on the bed. (laid)

(4)

Choose the correct word: I will be [lying/laying] the baby down in a minute. (laying)

(5)

Choose the correct word: I was [lying/laying] there for a nap. (lying)

(6)

Choose the correct word: Then she [lies/lays] down in the sun. (lies)

(7)

Choose the correct word: They [lie/lay] one brick on top of the other to build the wall. (lay)

(8)

Choose the correct word: The bricks just [lie/lay] in a pile until the workers are ready to use them. (lie)

(9)

Choose the correct word: Please [lie/lay] the bricks in a straight line. (lay)

(10)

Choose the correct word: I hate to [lie/lay] to my parents. (lie)

(11)

Choose the correct word: In the afternoon, I was so tired that I [lied/lay] down for a nap. (lay)

(12)

Choose the correct word: Everyone [accept/except] Justin will go to the game. (except)

(13)

Choose the correct word: The [affect/effect] of the storm was devastating. (effect)

(14)

Choose the correct word: How will the rumor [affect/effect] her reputation? (affect)

(15)

Choose the correct word: I went swimming every day [accept/except] Sunday. (except)

(16)

Choose the correct word: Please [accept/except] this gift as a token of our gratitude. (accept)

(17)

Choose the correct word: The haunting photograph [affected/effected] her for the rest of her life. (affected)

(18)

Choose the correct word: He bravely [accepted/excepted] the challenge. (accepted)

(19)

Choose the correct word: [Lie/Lay] your coat on the couch. (lay)

(20)

Choose the correct word: Where did you [lie/lay] your paper down?

(21)

Choose the correct word: The cliff [rose/raised] up into the sky. (rose)

(22)

Choose the correct word: The sun is [rising/raising] over the hills. (rising)

(23)

Choose the correct word: [Who’s/Whose] laughing? (Who’s)

(24)

Choose the correct word: [There/Their/They’re] over in the conference room. (They’re)

(25)

Choose the correct word: The butcher [rose/raised] the price of meat. (raised)

 

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