5th Grade - Actions, Motives And Appearances Of Characters

 
     
 
     
 
Newsletters:
 
     
 
 
5th
Stories and Literature
Actions, motives and appearances of characters
Contrast the actions, motives (e.g., loyalty, selfishness, conscientiousness), and appearances of characters in a work of fiction and discuss the importance of the contrasts to the plot or theme.
Be able to recognize when characters act, look, or are motivated in opposite ways and see how those differences drive the plot or prove the theme in a story.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What is a foil? (a character who is the opposite of another in appearance, motives, or actions)

(2)

Why do authors use contrasts and foils? (to give that characteristic greater emphasis)

(3)

What is characterization? (the way the author gives characters interesting humanlike qualities)

(4)

True or False: You can often draw conclusions about the theme based on contrasts. (true)

(5)

If a character is old and wise, what is a good foil? (another character who is young and foolish)

Learning Tips

(1)

Vocabulary


Foil– a character who makes a contrast with another, especially a minor character who helps to set off a major character. Dr. Watson is Sherlock Holmes’s foil because Watson’s obtuseness makes Holmes’s logic seem even more brilliant.


Characterization- the way the author gives the characters complex human qualities.


Venn Diagram- a graphic organizer composed of two or more overlapping circles. Each circle has a title; traits that are unique to that title go in the outside region. Traits that are shared go in the overlapping region.



(2)

Characterization


Authors give characters special qualities to make them memorable. Look for and keep track of these traits as you read.


Things to Look For:


  • Appearance: the character’s body type and how the character looks or dresses

  • Dialogue: what the character says and how he or she says it

  • Thoughts, motivation, and attitude: what the character thinks or what drives him or her

  • Actions: what the character does


As you read a work of fiction, jot down the traits of each character.


(3)

Compare and Contrast

In order to find contrasts, or what is different between two things, it can be helpful to compare, or figure out what is the same between them as well. Comparing and contrasting puts two or more subjects side by side in order to draw insights from their similarities and differences.

A Venn Diagram can help you organize the information you will use. A Venn Diagram shows visually what two or more subjects have in common and what characteristic they have that they do not share. What you choose to contrast depends on your topic.

Example:

Compare and contrast a car and a bicycle in a Venn Diagram.






(4)

How Are They Different?


Fill in this organizer for two characters who seem to be foils
(or opposites).



Character #1

Name:

Character #2

Name:


Appearance




Actions




Traits





(5)

Create Your Own Contrast


Think of a character from a book or movie. Then try to think of someone ways in which another character could be his or her foil, or opposite. What kind of different decisions could the foil make? What would be the opposite in appearance and manner? Fold a piece of paper in half and illustrate the character and the foil, one on each side. What kind of colors show the contrasts best?


Extra Help Problems

(1)

If a main character is selfless, what is a good foil to that characteristic? (greedy)

(2)

What is the opposite of having loyalty? (betraying)

(3)

Which character trait is the opposite of hard-working? (lazy)

(4)

Which character trait is the opposite of selfishness? (selflessness or generosity)

(5)

Which character trait is the opposite of honesty? (deceitful or dishonest)

(6)

Which character trait is the opposite of humble? (proud)

(7)

Which character trait is the opposite of impulsive? (deliberate)

(8)

Which character trait is the opposite of shy? (bold)

(9)

Which character trait is the opposite of friendly? (unfriendly)

(10)

Which character trait is the opposite of fancy? (plain)

(11)

Which character trait is the opposite of sophisticated? (simple)

(12)

Which character trait is the opposite of brave? (fearful)

(13)

Which character trait is the opposite of lighthearted? (depressed or serious)

(14)

What appearance is the opposite of ugly? (pretty, beautiful, or handsome)

(15)

Which character trait is the opposite of cruel? (kind)

(16)

Which character trait is the opposite of fidgety? (calm)

(17)

Which character trait is the opposite of wise? (foolish)

(18)

Which character trait is the opposite of courageous? (cowardly)

(19)

Which character trait is the opposite of fair? (unfair)

(20)

If the main character is driven by greed, what would drive a good foil? (sharing)

(21)

True or False: A character and his foil share the same fate. (false; their fates are usually opposites to highlight the differences between them)

(22)

True or False: If an author wants to make a point, having several characters be very similar is more effective than having stark contrasts between characters. (false)

(23)

True or False: Foils and contrasts should be chosen carefully to highlight something specific. (true)

(24)

True or False: Stories usually have one character who represents good and another character who represents evil. (true)

(25)

True or False: Characters should not have too many traits because they shouldn’t be too lifelike. (false)

 

Related Games

 
 

Copyright ©2009 Big Purple Hippos, LLC