5th Grade - Patterns And Symbols In Myths

 
     
 
     
 
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5th
Stories and Literature
Patterns and symbols in myths
Evaluate the meaning of archetypal patterns and symbols that are found in myth and tradition by using literature from different eras and cultures.
Be able to find and understand commonalities in the stories of different peoples, such as Ancient Greeks, Ancient Norse, Ancient Egyptians, and early Americans. These commonalities include similar purpose, such as explaining natural phenomenon, and similar character types, such as powerful gods and heroes.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What is an archetype? (a model or prototype)

(2)

What kinds of tradition do we examine in literature? (usually oral tradition that has been written down)

(3)

What are some archetypal characters? (the hero, wise old woman, or trickster)

(4)

Why did people create myths? (to entertain, teach a lesson, or explain something in nature)

(5)

Who was the most powerful god in the mythology of the Ancient Greeks? (Zeus)

Learning Tips

(1)

Vocabulary


Archetype- a prototype or model from which something is based. The following archetypes are deeply rooted in the myths and legends of many cultures: hero, who grows through self-sacrifice; mentor (wise old woman who gives the hero a gift), shapeshifter


Myths- stories that usually explain something about the world, entertain, and involve supernatural beings. myths are traditional narratives that are passed down through various textual and visual sources and convey commonly held beliefs in a particular society about natural phenomena, historical events, and proper behavio


Oral tradition- stories, songs, and poems that are passed from generation to generation by word of mouth.

Folk tales- stories that people of a culture have passed down from generation to generation in order to entertain, pass on their values, and explain the world.


(2)

Make Up Your Own Myth


Can you think of a myth that explains a natural phenomenon?

Why do we have snow? Why does the wind blow? Write your own myth, explaining some occurrence in nature. Describe what the earth was like before the events you will relate; then, tell how the earth had changed. Either make up your own characters or gods and goddesses you are familiar with, such as Ancient Greek gods.


(3)

Myth Organizer


You probably enjoy reading about powerful gods and the fascinating feats of legendary heroes.


As you read myths and stories from different cultures, keep a log of important information about them in an organizer like the one below.


Title of Myth

Culture

of Origin

Main Characters

Summary

Message or Purpose





















(4)

Myth, Remade

Choose a myth or folktale that you know. Then use your imagination to change it and write a new ending. It might need a new message after you’re done with it! Maybe you want to give King Midas a “soft touch” of feathers. Or give Medusa a head of caterpillars. Can you think of any experience in your own life that reminds you of your story?

(5)

Reporting Live from the Ancient World


Imagine that you are a newspaper reporter assigned to write a report about an event in one of your favorite myths. Interview characters in the myth and other people who may have witnessed the events in the story, then write a newsreport about the events.


Extra Help Problems

(1)

In Ancient Greek mythology, the ruler of the sea is:

a) Zeus

b) Poseidon

c) Hades

d) Apollo

(b)

(2)

This god of the Ancient Greeks would drive the sun chariot.

a) Zeus

b) Juno

c) Hades

d) Apollo

(d)

(3)

This god of the Ancient Greeks ruled the underworld.

a) Zeus

b) Juno

c) Hades

d) Apollo

(c)

(4)

This supreme god of the Ancient Norse sought out wisdom.

a) Loki

b) Odin

c) Thor

d) Jord

(b)

(5)

The Ancient Norse would say Thor was the strongest man or god, while the Ancient Greeks would say who was? (Hercules)

(6)

This was a trickster god of the Ancient Norse.

a) Loki

b) Odin

c) Thor

d) Jord

(a)

(7)

This god of the Ancient Greeks threw lightning bolts.

a) Zeus

b) Juno

c) Hades

d) Apollo

(a)

(8)

This is the queen of the gods for the Ancient Greeks.

a) Zeus

b) Hera

c) Isis

d) Osiris

(b)

(9)

This is the queen of the gods for the Ancient Egyptians.

a) Zeus

b) Hera

c) Isis

d) Osiris

(c)

(10)

This goddess of the Ancient Egyptians searched to the ends of the earth for the remains of her murdered husband.

a) Zeus

b) Hera

c) Isis

d) Osiris

(c)

(11)

This is the goddess of love for the Ancient Romans.

a) Venus

b) Aphrodite

c) Helen of Troy

d) Athena

(a)

(12)

This is the goddess of love for the Ancient Greeks.

a) Venus

b) Aphrodite

c) Helen of Troy

d) Freya

(b)

(13)

This is the god of the sun and poetry for the Ancient Greeks.

a) Zeus

b) Leto

c) Apollo

d) Hades

(c)

(14)

This is the god of the dead for the Ancient Egyptians.

a) Hades

b) Lucifer

c) Osiris

d) Anubis

(d)

(15)

This is the goddess of love for the Ancient Norse.

a) Venus

b) Aphrodite

c) Helen of Troy

d) Freya

(d)

(16)

Who is the hero from Ancient Greek mythology who went on a long and adventurous journey and finally came home to his beloved wife, Penelope? (Odysseus)

(17)

Who is the hero from Ancient Greek mythology who went on a quest for the Golden Fleece with the Argonauts? (Jason)

(18)

Who is the hero from Ancient Greek mythology who had to undergo many Labors, including killing a hydra and the nemean lion? (Hercules)

(19)

Who is the hero from Ancient Greek mythology who cut off the snake covered head of Medusa? (Perseus)

(20)

Which woman was so beautiful that she started a war, according to Greek mythology? (Helen of Troy)

(21)

Where did the gods of the Ancient Greeks live? (Mount Olympus)

(22)

Where did the gods of the Ancient Norse live? (Asgard)

(23)

True or False: Many cultures hold certain animals sacred and include them in their myths. (true)

(24)

True or False: Many myths and stories from oral tradition share symbols such as golden apples. (true)

(25)

True or False: Heroes are only found in the mythology of the Ancient Greeks. (false)

 

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