Archetype- a prototype or model from which something is based. The following archetypes are deeply rooted in the myths and legends of many cultures: hero, who grows through self-sacrifice; mentor (wise old woman who gives the hero a gift), shapeshifter
Myths- stories that usually explain something about the world, entertain, and involve supernatural beings. myths are traditional narratives that are passed down through various textual and visual sources and convey commonly held beliefs in a particular society about natural phenomena, historical events, and proper behavio
Oral tradition- stories, songs, and poems that are passed from generation to generation by word of mouth.
Folk tales- stories that people of a culture have passed down from generation to generation in order to entertain, pass on their values, and explain the world.