Literary devices- techniques authors use to create meaning through language, which include sound techniques (such as alliteration or onamatopoeia) and figurative language (such as personification, imagery, symbolism, simile, or metaphor).
Imagery- creating pictures in the reader’s mind using words that describe the senses, usually with similes or metaphors.
Symbolism- The use of specific objects to represent abstract ideas.
Simile – a comparison using the words “like” or “as”. For example, “he was as quiet as a mouse” or “her eyes sparkled like diamonds”.
Metaphor – a comparison that does not use the words “like” or “as”. For example, “He’s a tiger when it comes to mowing the lawn!”
Hyperbole - a figure of speech which is an exaggeration. For example, “I tried a million times to get that open!”
Personification - giving human qualities, feelings, action, or characteristics to non-livings things such as objects or elements in nature. For example, “The trees whispered threats that the storm may be coming this way.” While you can definitely hear the wind in the trees, trees do not “whisper”; only human beings can.
Alliteration - the repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words. For example, “The sweet sound of songbirds signaled spring’s arrival.”
Onomatopoeia- the use of words whose sounds make you think of their meanings. Examples include buzz, thump, or pop.