5th Grade - Characteristics Of Poetry, Drama, Fiction And Nonfiction

 
     
 
     
 
Newsletters:
 
     
 
 
5th
Stories and Literature
Characteristics of poetry, drama, fiction and nonfiction
Identify and analyze the characteristics of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction and explain the appropriateness of the literary forms chosen by an author for a specific purpose.
Be able to recognize poems, drama, fiction, and nonfiction, and say why an author would choose one according to his or her purpose (to persuade, inform, or entertain).
 

Sample Problems

(1)

Authors’ purposes fall into which three categories? (to inform, entertain, or persuade)

(2)

What is an author’s purpose usually when writing nonfiction? (to inform)

(3)

What is an author’s purpose usually when writing fiction? (to entertain)

(4)

Which literary form includes stage directions? (drama)

(5)

Which type of writing is based on facts? (nonfiction)

Learning Tips

(1)

Vocabulary


Author’s purpose- the main reason he or she has for writing a particular piece, such as to entertain, inform, or persuade.


Literary Forms- the different classifications of writing. Also known as genres.


Poetry– verse written to inspire thought and feeling from the reader, which typically includes imagery and figurative language or may or may not rhyme.


Drama- a special literary form that is meant to be staged rather than read. It includes stage directions and speaking lines called dialogue.


Fiction- a text that maybe based on actual events or people or may be based entirely on the author’s imagination; it contains elements that have been made up by the author. The purpose of fiction is generally to entertain and create a mood, such as happy, sad, scary, angry, etc.


Nonfiction- a text based on facts and an author’s opinions about a subject. Examples include biographies, newspaper articles, and textbooks. The purpose of nonfiction is to inform and sometimes to persuade.



(2)

Author’s Purpose

If the author’s purpose is to inform, you might learn something from the selection and will probably see facts, details, places, events, or people. The writing will usually be non-fiction and might seem like something you could find in a textbook or encyclopedia.

If the author’s purpose is to persuade, the author will want you to believe and agree with his position. Persuasive pieces are usually non-fiction, contain facts and opinions, and has a clear point of view (for or against something).

If the author’s purpose is to entertain, the piece is usually fiction, such as poetry or drama.


One text may have several different purposes, but one will usually stand out as the main purpose.


(3)

Persuasive Texts


These texts want to convince you to do something. An advertisement might want you to buy the product it’s advertising, while a letter from your grandmother might try to get you to write to her more often.


Things to Look For:

- Use repeated words and exclamation marks

- Are written as an emotional, one-sided argument

- Use rhetorical questions

- Sometimes use humor


(4)

Informative Texts

These texts want to tell you about a subject or give you advice.


Things to Look For:

- Avoid repetition

- Contain facts

- Present information in an organized way by introducing the subject and then developing it

- Use neutral, unemotional language


(5)

Entertaining Texts


A novel will want you to enjoy reading the story and want to continue reading to find out more about the characters and see how the plot ends.


Things to look For:

- Usually use adjectives, adverbs, and other descriptive language

- Make use of the five senses

- Describe characters and their motivations


(6)

Drama


Actors in movies, TV shows, and plays memorize lines from a script. Have you ever wondered what one looks like? Find a play in the library or a drama in your reading textbook. Do you see the stage directions, where the writer tells the actors information? Write your own play and put it on with your friends.


Extra Help Problems

(1)

What’s another name for literary forms? (genres)

(2)

What is it called when the author expresses his opinions and views?

a. entertainment

b. point of view

c. climax

(b)

(3)

All of the following are three main reasons why an author writes a story, EXCEPT to

a. inform.

b. persuade.

c. entertain.

d. to make sure the reader enjoys what he or she is reading.

(d)

(4)

Identifying the author's purpose.


Lisa always looked forward to the fall because of the Harvest Festival. The rides were so thrilling, but the shows were her very favorite. This year she was performing in the talent show, right after Harry. She really wanted to win the prize!


a. entertain.

b. persuade.

c. inform.

d. create a mysterious mood.

(a)

(5)

What do you do with aluminum cans? Do you throw them in the trash, or do you recycle when you are finished with them? At the rate we are filling our landfills, we will not have anywhere else to put our trash. Recycling reduces the amount of trash that goes into our landfills. The next time you are tempted to throw away a can or bottle, put it in a recycling bin. Your effort helps the environment.


The author's purpose is to

a. entertain.

b. persuade.

c. inform.

d. create a mysterious mood.

(b)

(6)

Did you know that tomatoes were once considered poisonous? Someone was finally brave enough to try one, and he didn’t die. Now, we use tomatoes in our pasta sauce, salads, and sandwiches. If it weren't for these brave individuals who took the first bite, you wouldn’t be able to enjoy pizza in the same way.


The author's purpose is to

a. entertain.

b. persuade.

c. inform.

d. create a mysterious mood.

(c)

(7)

The bald eagle is a national symbol in the United States for patriotism and freedom. Because the eagle was once hunted for sport, it is on the verge of extinction. Now they are protected by federal law, but there might not be enough to come back from being endangered.


The author's purpose is to

a. entertain.

b. persuade.

c. inform.

d. create a mysterious mood.

(c)

(8)

All of the following are three main reasons why an author writes a story, EXCEPT to


a. inform.

b. persuade.

c. entertain.

d. scare his audience.

(d)

(9)

If you read an editorial in the newspaper, the author's purpose is to

a. entertain.

b. persuade.

c. inform.

d. create a mysterious mood.

(b)

(10)

It was just an ordinary day in many ways, but Clare knew it could turn out to be one she would remember for a long time. Today the results of the play tryouts would be posted on the drama room door.


The author's purpose is to

a. entertain.

b. persuade.

c. inform.

d. scare his audience.

(a)

(11)

Wouldn't you like to help others? Please volunteer to serve food at the soup kitchen for the holidays. Your efforts will be greatly appreciated!


The author's purpose is to

a. entertain.

b. persuade.

c. inform.

d. scare his audience.

(b)

(12)

True or False: Everything you read has a purpose. (true)

(13)

True or False: When you are able to recognize the author’s purpse, you will have a better understanding when you read. (true)

(14)

True or False: The purpose helps determine how you read the text. (true)

(15)

True or False: A text can have more than one purpose. (true, for example, an article about healthy eating habits will try to persuade you to not eat fast food and will also inform you about vitamins and minerals your body needs)

(16)

If the author is telling a story, his purpose is probably to ______. (entertain)

(17)

If the author is giving his opinion, his purpose is probably to ______. (persuade)

(18)

If the author is telling facts, his purpose is probably to ______. (inform)

(19)

If you find an article in a technical manual (such as a computer manual), its purpose is mostly likely to do what? (inform)

(20)

What is the purpose of a bumper sticker? (persuade)

(21)

What is the purpose of a commercial? (persuade)

(22)

True or False: The author or a text could have no purpose. (false)

(23)

True or False: A poem has to rhyme. (false)

(24)

True or False: A drama is meant to be read, not spoken. (false)

(25)

True or False: A short story’s purpose is usually to entertain. (true)

 

Related Games

 
 

Copyright ©2009 Big Purple Hippos, LLC