5th Grade - Analysis Of Media

Speaking and Listening
Analysis of media
Analyze media as sources for information, entertainment, persuasion, interpretation of events, and transmission of culture.
Be able to identify techniques used in media (such television, newspaper, radio, and internet) and whether is the purpose is to inform, entertain, persuade, interpret events, or share culture.

Sample Problems


What are the purposes of media? (to inform, entertain, persuade, interpret events, and share culture)


What are some examples of media techniques? (close-up shots, animations, special effects, etc)


Are any media without bias? (no, because they are created by individual human beings)


Which media connects you to your community more, national television or a local newspaper? (local newspaper)


True or False: Most people believe the world is the way the media presents it without questioning it. (true)

Learning Tips



Media- a medium of communication, such as television, internet, radio, or newspapers, that is designed to reach many people

Media technique- is a way to produce a particular effect; examples include voice-over narration, animation, live action, and special effects.


Media Purposes

The five purposes of media are: to inform, entertain, persuade, interpret events, and share culture.

Can you think of at least one type of television program that is devoted to each purpose?

For example, the evening news informs, sitcoms entertain, commercials and campaign speeches persuade, talk shows and documentaries interpret events, and music programs share culture.

Which shows have more than one purpose? What are some things that media cannot provide us?


Media Techniques

A media technique is a way to produce a particular effect. For example, think of how you feel when you see a close-up of one person’s face compared to a sweeping view of the whole stadium. Other techniques include voice-over narration, animation, fade-out of sound, time-lapse photography, black and white photography, live action, special effects, volume, speed, motion, or flashbacks.


Nothing is Objective

Do you think the news you get when you watch the evening news or read an article online is without any personal opinions or bias? Since human beings write the new stories, they must make choices about what to leave out and what to focus on. Even when they try to be objective, they cannot shed their personal ideas and life experience.

You need to realize that the stories you see and hear in news media are always slanted in some way. Learn to question the perspectives and information being shown and what was left out.


Compare and Contrast

Compare two newspapers within the same city, maybe two national newspapers or a local paper with a national daily, and examine the different stories told about the same subjects. Which stories were left out completely? Who do you think makes the choice of what to include and what to omit?

Extra Help Problems


True or False: Everything you see on the evening news is true. (false)


True or False: Everything you read on the internet is true. (false)


True or False: Watching a television show about China is as good as taking a trip to China. (false)


True or False: If you read two articles about the issue of nutrition, they will probably say similar things. (false)


True or False: Everything you read in a book is true. (false)


True or False: We filter media messages through our prior knowledge and life experiences. (true)


True or False: Asking questions is a good way to discover the motivations behind the media. (true)


True or False: There is only one true source of information. (false)


True or False: All television is bad. (false)


True or False: You can believe everything you read. (false)


True or False: Anything the newspaper prints is true. (false)


True or False: If two people read the same article, they will understand it the same way. (false)


True or False: People who write television shows only want to inform the audience. (false)


True or False: A television show can only entertain. (false)


True or False: An internet article is only transmitting culture. (false)


What is the biggest transmitter of culture? (television)


True or False: Movies shape the way we feel about history. (true)


True or False: Television shows shape the way we feel about places we have never been. (true)


True or False: The techniques used in the media are used to create specific effects. (true)


True or False: If a movie is shot in black and white, it will have a more “historical” feel than if it is in color. (true)


What is the main purpose of a reality TV show? (to entertain)


What is the main purpose of the evening news? (to inform)


What is the main purpose of an opera? (to entertain)


Which transmits culture, an opera or a reality TV show? (both do)


True or False: One type of media can only serve one purpose. (false)



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