What Are Those Little Numbers? Learning about Footnotes and Endnotes
Footnotes and Endnotes are the little numbers you see raised up (in superscript) at the end of a sentence. After you see one in the text, then you can look up that same number in the Footnote list (at the bottom of the page) or the Endnote list (at the end of the essay) to find the information about the source the author is giving credit to.
One unique thing about Endnotes and Footnotes is that they give you the exact page numbers that the information can be found. Works Cited, References, or Bibliography sections only list the name of the whole book or source, not the exact page. The Endnotes page also comes before the Bibliography, or Works Cited, or References page.
Example in text:
Tomie dePaola refers to the villain as “the Bad Guy”.1 This phrase is used several times.
See the little 1 up there? You can find the little one in the list and it will tell you about the book that’s referenced.
Example endnote or footnote:
1 Tomie dePaola, Bill and Pete Go Down the Nile (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1987) 14.
Do you notice any differences between this and the way the same book would look in a Bibiliography or Works Cited page? The author’s name has the first name first, and the page number comes after the publication information. There is also only one period.