5th Grade - Figurative And Metaphorical Words

 
     
 
     
 
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5th
Vocabulary
Figurative and metaphorical words
Understand and explain the figurative and metaphorical use of words in context.
Your child needs to understand how words can have more than just literal meanings. Common types of figurative language to be familiar with include simile, metaphor, idioms, hyperbole, personification, alliteration, and onomatopoeia.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

Is this a simile or metaphor? The night was as dark as coal. (simile)

(2)

What are the three types of figurative language that make comparisons? (similes, metaphors, and hyperbole)

(3)

What kind of figurative language is this: I nearly died laughing. (hyperbole)

(4)

What kind of figurative language is used here: The video camera observed the whole scene. (personification)

(5)

What kind of figurative language is used here: She sold seashells on the seashore. (alliteration)

Learning Tips

(1)

Vocabulary


Simile – a comparison using the words “like” or “as”. For example, “he was as quiet as a mouse” or “her eyes sparkled like diamonds”.


Metaphor – a comparison that does not use the words “like” or “as”. For example, “He’s a tiger when it comes to mowing the lawn!”


Hyperbole - a figure of speech which is an exaggeration. For example, “I tried a million times to get that open!”


Personification - giving human qualities, feelings, action, or characteristics to non-livings things such as objects or elements in nature. For example, “The trees whispered threats that the storm may be coming this way.” While you can definitely hear the wind in the trees, trees do not “whisper”; only human beings can.


Idioms – figures of speech that don’t literally mean what the words say. For example, “it’s raining cats and dogs” means “it’s raining really hard”.


Alliteration - the repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words. For example, “The sweet sound of songbirds signaled spring’s arrival.”


Onomatopoeia- the use of words whose sounds make you think of their meanings. Examples include buzz, thump, or pop.


Literal meaning - stating the facts as they are exactly without any exaggerations.


Metaphorical meaning- stating facts using comparisons and possible exaggerations to mean more than what is on the surface.


(2)

Draw a cartoon illustrating a hyperbole about one of your hobbies. For example, if you play baseball, you might illustrate “He hit the ball to the moon!”

(3)

Draw a cartoon illustrating one of your favorite idioms. For example, you might show “I lost my head” as a body without a head.


(4)

It’s important to realize when words mean exactly, or literally, what they say and when they have a different or enhanced meaning.

Distinguish between literal meanings and metaphorical meanings.

Examples:

1. The sidewalk was icy. (literal meaning)

His gaze was icy. (metaphorical meaning)



2. He couldn't digest anything on his plate. (literal meaning)

He couldn't digest anything that she said to him. (metaphorical meaning)


(5)

Anyone for Alliteration?


Stand in a circle with a group of friends to play this game. The youngest person starts by saying her name and what she is bringing to the imaginary party. The tricky part is that you must use alliteration. Each player can choose to make her sentence as long or short as she would like. The next person says a sentence with his own name and then must repeat all of the sentences that came before. If he messes up, he’s out! The last player left wins.


Example:

Greg says: “Greg is bringing great green grapes to the party.”

Laura says: “Laura is bringing laughing lavender larks to the party and Greg is bringing great green grapes to the party.”


Extra Help Problems

(1)

What is the meaning of the idiom “as the crow flies”? (the shortest distance in a straight line)

(2)

What is the meaning of the idiom “go hog wild”? (to get overly excited)

(3)

What is the meaning of the idiom “chew the cud”? (to think something over deliberately)

(4)

What is the meaning of the idiom “kill the fatted calf”? (to prepare to welcome someone extravagantly)

(5)

What is the meaning of the idiom “let sleeping dogs lie”? (to keep quiet so you won’t cause unnecessary trouble)

(6)

What is the meaning of the idiom “ducks in a row”? (to get organized and prepared)

(7)

What is the meaning of the idiom “to beat a dead horse”? (continuing on a topic that should be closed )

(8)

What is the meaning of the idiom “every dog has his day”? (even the lowest will eventually get his turn)

(9)

What is the meaning of “to count one’s chickens before they hatch”? (to expect something to happen when it might not)

(10)

What is the meaning of “kill the goose that lays the golden eggs”? (destroying a source of riches through stupidity or greed)

(11)

What is the meaning of “under the weather”? (feeling sickly)

(12)

What is the meaning of “see eye to eye”? (come to an understanding )

(13)

What is the meaning of “head in the sand”? (deliberately choosing to be ignorant or ignoring facts)

(14)

What is the meaning of “break the ice”? (to get through the initial awkwardness in a conversation or discussion)

(15)

What is the meaning of “a blessing in disguise”? (something good that isn’t recognized as such at first)

(16)

What is the meaning of “a chip on your shoulder”? (holding a grudge)

(17)

What is the meaning of “a drop in the bucket”? (a very small part of something much larger)

(18)

What is the meaning of “a piece of cake”? (something that is very easy to do)

(19)

What is the meaning of “actions speak louder than words”? (it’s better to actually do something than to just talk about it)

(20)

What is the meaning of “a taste of your own medicine”? (when something negative happens to you in the same way that you did to other people)

(21)

What is the meaning of “apple of my eye”? (someone who is cherished)

(22)

What is the meaning of “at the drop of a hat”? (willing to do something immediately)

(23)

What is the meaning of “every cloud has a silver lining”? (be optimistic since better days are ahead)

(24)

What is the meaning of “flash in the pan”? (something flashy that looks good but fails to deliver in the end)

(25)

Why do you use figurative language? (To add meaning and interest to writing)

 

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