Simile – a comparison using the words “like” or “as”. For example, “he was as quiet as a mouse” or “her eyes sparkled like diamonds”.
Metaphor – a comparison that does not use the words “like” or “as”. For example, “He’s a tiger when it comes to mowing the lawn!”
Hyperbole - a figure of speech which is an exaggeration. For example, “I tried a million times to get that open!”
Personification - giving human qualities, feelings, action, or characteristics to non-livings things such as objects or elements in nature. For example, “The trees whispered threats that the storm may be coming this way.” While you can definitely hear the wind in the trees, trees do not “whisper”; only human beings can.
Idioms – figures of speech that don’t literally mean what the words say. For example, “it’s raining cats and dogs” means “it’s raining really hard”.
Alliteration - the repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words. For example, “The sweet sound of songbirds signaled spring’s arrival.”
Onomatopoeia- the use of words whose sounds make you think of their meanings. Examples include buzz, thump, or pop.
Literal meaning - stating the facts as they are exactly without any exaggerations.
Metaphorical meaning- stating facts using comparisons and possible exaggerations to mean more than what is on the surface.