5th Grade - Synonyms, Antonyms And Homographs

 
     
 
     
 
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5th
Vocabulary
Synonyms, antonyms and homographs
Understand and explain frequently used synonyms, antonyms, and homographs.
Writing is more difficult than speaking because your child must vary his word choice and spell the correct version of words that sound the same. Synonyms and antonyms add variety and interest to writing, while understanding common homonyms can prevent errors.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What are synonyms? (words that have almost the same meaning)

(2)

What are antonyms? (words that have opposite meanings)

(3)

What are homonyms? (words that sound alike but have different meanings)

(4)

What is a synonym for lost? (gone, misplaced, missing)

(5)

What is an antonym for lost? (found)

Learning Tips

(1)

Vocabulary

Synonyms- words that have the same, or almost the same meaning, such as stone and rock.


Antonyms- words that have opposite meanings, such as hot and cold.

Homonyms- words that are pronounced the same, may or may not be spelled the same, but have different meanings. Examples include quail (the bird) and quail (to recoil in fear), or stare (to look) and stair (a step).


There is considerable confusion about the difference between homonyms, homographs, homophones and heteronyms, but the word homonym is typically used for any pair of words that sound the same but differ in meaning, whether or not they share the same spelling.


(2)

Synonym Match Cards

This is a card game that you can play by yourself.

Fold a piece of paper into fourths and write one of the CAPITAL words in each section. Cut index cards in half and write one of the lowercase words on each piece. Mix them up and then try to put the index cards in the right spot on the paper.


You can do this with other words like RUN, SMELL, TOUCH, GOOD, BAD.


LAUGH

chuckle, titter, cackle, hoot, giggle, snicker

CRY

wail, moan, bawl, sob, sniffle, weep

WALK

stroll, amble, shuffle, meander, march

SAY

whisper, proclaim, declare, announce, express

(3)

Two for One Sentences

Using a pair of homonyms, write a sentence using both words.


Example: threw/through

He threw the basketball through the hoop.


Example: allowed/aloud

You are not allowed to say hurtful comments aloud.


Example: ate/eight

I couldn’t believe she ate all eight of the oranges.


(4)

Be Nice!

Pretend that your best friend asks for advice. You don’t want to say something mean, so you need to use a synonym that means the same thing.


Examples:

Instead of saying a slob, you say…. relaxed about appearance.

Instead of saying loud-mouth, you say…. speaks up for himself.



(5)

Apostrophes can be used to show possessive (such as Anne’s dress) or where a missing letter is in a contraction (where’s the car?).


When you are confused which homonym to use, say the sentence without using a contraction, and then use an apostrophe to replace the letter if that sounds right. If that sounded funny, you want the one without the apostrophe.


Examples:

(Its, it’s) time for the ballgame. Which one is right?

It is time for the ballgame. Say it without using a contraction

That sounds right!

It’s time for the ballgame. Use an apostrophe to replace the letter

Answer: (it’s)


(Whose, who’s) ball is that? Which one is right?

Who is ball is that? Say it without using a contraction

That sounded funny!

Whose ball is that? Don’t use an apostrophe to replace the letter

Answer: (whose)


Extra Help Problems

(1)

Which of these means they are: their, there, they’re? (they’re)

(2)

Which of these means it is: it’s, its? (it’s)

(3)

Choose the correct word: They (rode, road) to the store on their bikes. (rode)

(4)

Choose the correct word: They (rode, road) to the store on their bikes. (rode)

(5)

Choose the correct word: We made the soup with (leaks, leeks) and celery. (leaks)

(6)

Choose the correct word: Don’t (waist, waste) the food. (waste)

(7)

Choose the correct word: She had a (knot, not) in her hair. (knot)

(8)

Choose the correct word: Everyone had to (flea, flee) the fire. (flee)

(9)

Choose the correct word: The pizza (doe, dough) is ready for the sauce. (dough)

(10)

Choose the correct word: The white (hare, hair) nibbled on the carrot. (hare)

(11)

Choose the correct word: My grandmother is very (deer, dear) to me. (dear)

(12)

Choose the correct word: The (sun, son) was so bright it hurt my eyes. (sun)

(13)

Choose the correct word: Only the (soul, sole) of my shoe got muddy. (sole)

(14)

Choose the correct word: A little dirt flew into my (aye, eye, I). (eye)

(15)

Choose the correct word: Rest will help her (heel, heal) after her fever. (heal)

(16)

Choose the correct word: I love playing on my tennis (team, teem). (team)

(17)

Choose the correct word: Don’t forget to (write, rite, right) thank you notes for your gifts. (write)

(18)

Choose the correct word: Don’t (be, bee) too quick to judge. (be)

(19)

Choose the correct word: The house’s (cellar, seller) gets quite cold and damp. (cellar)

(20)

Choose the correct word: The electrical (chord, cord) was too short. (cord)

(21)

Choose the correct word: Please (complement, compliment) the waiter on the excellent service. (compliment)

(22)

Choose the correct word: The sunset is always a beautiful (site, sight, cite). (sight)

(23)

Choose the correct word: She did a great job of reading the poem (aloud, allowed) . (aloud)

(24)

Choose the correct word: The actors will take a (bow, bough) at the end of the play. (bow)

(25)

Choose the correct word: Don’t touch the hot pan with your (bear, bare) hands. (bare)

 

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