Start by using an analog clock. First identify the minute hand. It is longer than the hour hand. Compare the two hands. Then identify the hour hand. It is smaller and sometimes fatter. Then have the hands move around the clock. Slow it down so that your child can see the movement of each. The minute hand moves more quickly around the clock than the hour hand. Each time the minute hand makes one complete circle, the hour hand only moves to the next number. Explain that the hour hand moves an hour the minute hand travels all the way around the clock.
When the minute hand point exactly to the twelve, the time is _ o’clock. The hour hand point directly at to the number (not slightly before nor after).
Ex. one o’clock- The hour hand points exactly to the one and the minute hand point directly at the twelve.
Point to all the possible hours on the clock.: two o’clock, three o’clock,… twelve o’clock. Point out how the clock travels from the 12 to 1, 2, 3…. Back to the 12. This is called clockwise.
Using a digital clock review all the o’clocks. Emphasize that the hour is left of the colon and the minutes are to the right. A _:00 means o’clock.
Show your child how the numbers are ordered on the clock. AT the very top is 12 and opposite to that is 6. On the right is 3 and opposite (on the left) is 9. The other numbers fall between these numbers.
Using the clock travel around indicating the different hors and the kind of activities you would do. After the time indicate a.m. and p.m..
Ex. At 7:00 am we wake up. At 8:00 am we eat breakfast. At 9:00 am we are in school. Then comes 10:00 am, 11:00 am, and 12:00p.m. When the minute and hour hand reach the twelve at the same time it switches from a.m. to p.m.. Relate different activities that happen at each our and make certain to review the change from p.m. to a.m. and what is happening at that time (everyone is sound asleep).