# Kindergarten - Show Math Problems

 Grade Level: K Skill: Problem Solving Topic: Show Math Problems Goal: Use tools and strategies, such as manipulatives or sketches to model problems. Skill Description: Recognize that math problems focus on specific concepts. Be able to use manipulatives and drawings to express these concepts. Model problems using these tools.

### Sample Problems

 (1) If you want to learn how to tell time, what would you use? (2) What are coins used for? (3) What can you use a number chart for?

### Learning Tips

 (1) Modeling problems is sometimes a bit confusing so it is important to start with simple, straight forward concepts. First work with your child to identify the intended concept. What is it they are trying to learn: Ex: to count- using both a number line and a number chart will help illustrate this point. addition/subtraction- number lines and number charts will also help with adding and subtracting. Drawing a picture of what is being added or subtracted will help. Having objects to count (linking cubes, pennies, paperclips etc.,) will also help reinforce the concepts. money- use real coins and bills. Kids love playing with money. They love to touch them and hear them jingle. Point out the differences in their sizes, colors, the direction that the heads are facing, and what is written in the back of them. graphs- are used to compare different things that may or may not be able to be held. They are also used to compare large numbers. Shapes- to learn about geometric shapes, you may find objects around the house that represent common shapes. However, there are shapes that are not so common. In this case the shape needs to be drawn.

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### Extra Help Problems

 (1) Have a picture of a large clock and clock hands put on cardstock for the student to cut out. S/he can use it to practice with. A worksheet that has 12 blank analog and 12 digital clocks can be printed out as well. Each clock can have one of the following times written below it. 12 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (2) 1 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (3) 2 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (4) 3 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (5) 4 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (6) 5 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (7) 6 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (8) 7 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (9) 8 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (10) 9 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (11) 10 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (12) 11 o’clock. Draw the hands in the analog clock and write the numbers in the digital clock. (13) Money: Have pictures of both the front and back of the penny, nickel, dime, and quarter printed on the sheet. Color the penny brown. Color in the rest of the coins. (14) Which coin has the face looking towards the right? ________ (15) What does it say on the back of the nickel? ________ (16) How much is a quarter worth? ________ (17) What does it say on the back of a dime? _________ (18) Which coin says one cent? ________ (19) Which one is the biggest coin? (20) Which coin is bigger, the penny or the dime? (21) Have a number chart printed on a paper. Number it from 1-100. Ten numbers per row. Color all the even numbers yellow. Do you see a pattern? (22) Color all the odd numbers orange. Do you see a pattern? (23) Circle all the numbers that are multiples of five blue. (24) Circle all the numbers that are multiples of ten red. (25) Do you see a pattern between the fives and tens?