When working on math problems it is always helpful to see the problems in pictures as well as in numbers. Start off with simple math concepts such as counting. What could they use to count? Tick marks have been use in the past. We call them tally marks. After jotting down four tally marks, the fifth one crosses the other four to make a complete tally. When a student sees a complete tally they know to count it by fives. This way they can count much more quickly. Counting pictures also helps. Seeing pictures makes the lesson more tangible. After drawing pictures, you can always take actual crayons or objects to practice counting. After practicing with both pictures and objects, ask your child what they would use to practice counting.
Adding and subtracting can work the same way. Draw tick mark or pictures to add. Then move onto actual tangible objects. These methods help to reinforce the lesson. Some children need to see and feel the numbers otherwise it can be a difficult concept to grasp. Ask your student what they would use to practice addition and subtraction.
What would they use to practice telling time? What would they use if they wanted to learn to count money?