Review all the letters of the alphabet and their sounds. Differentiate between consonants and vowels. Afterward work on sounding out short vowel words.
Ex. cat- Ask your child to slowly sound out the word. Then ask for only the first sound and the letter that makes that sound. Your child may say either ‘c’ or ‘k’. Both would be correct because we are spelling using the sounds, not the correct spelling. Then move onto the next sound. Only one vowel can produce that sound so in this case it would be the ‘a’. The last sound is also uniquely attributed to the letter ‘t’. Short vowel words contain only one vowel.
Long vowel sounds are produced by two vowels. He long vowel sound is made by the letter that is heard first.
Ex. cake- This word can have several spellings but must contain at least two vowels. Explain that the second vowel is usually the letter ‘e’ but not always. The following are some possible spellings:
Kake, cake, cace, caec, caek, kaek, kaec.
Some words (sight words) make sounds that are vey different from the letters used to spell them.
Some letters make sounds that are similar to words.