4th Grade - Emphasize Major Points

Emphasize major points
Emphasize points in ways that help the listener or viewer to follow important ideas and concepts.
The ability to emphasize or highlight points to help the listener(s) and/or viewer(s) maintain focus and understand important ideas and concepts shared.

Sample Problems


What does emphasize mean? (to highlight or stress the importance of)


What is a point? (a goal, detail, aspect, belief, etc.)


What is pacing? (to read at an appropriate speed, or pace, that a listener can follow)


What is an important idea? (thought, belief, goal, etc.)


What is a concept? (idea, notion, thought, perception, etc.)

Learning Tips


Practice showing points visually. Write your message on a big piece of paper or board. Give your “speech” or deliver your set of points using a pointer (a stick, ruler, etc.) to an audience of stuffed animals, friends, family members, classmates, etc. – whoever you are comfortable with!


Look for sample (even parts of) scripts. Practice dramatizing the scene like you saw it on television or movies or add your own twist! If you can’t find scripts or want to move on, write your own scripts to act out for fun!


Be a “copycat” – practice emulating, or imitating, someone for five minutes. See if you can copy their diction, expression, intonation, etc. as accurately as possible. See if you can last the entire 5 minutes!


Watch a favorite news anchor report. What points do they emphasize? What words do they stress more than others? Why? If you were to see an article about the same topic in the newspaper, would those same words be bolded or underlined? Compare the different medias if possible!


Make a set of sentences you might use in a presentation about yourself, an autobiographical portrayal, if you will. Then make or draw at least one picture for each sentence. How do visuals enhance the meaning of your words?

Extra Help Problems


What is intonation? (has the proper pitch and loud, clear voice for all to hear)


What is expression (when reading)? (enthusiastic demonstration of emotions, thoughts, and feelings of the characters in or tone of the story or text)


How can you enhance the meaning of a spoken message? (pause, increase volume, raise the pitch of your voice, point, speak slowly or quickly, etc.)


How do you emphasize a pause when speaking? (clear your throat, look away, count 3 seconds, etc.)


How can you portray excitement when speaking? (raise voice, raise eyebrows, open eyes, smile, clap, etc.)


How do you pose a question mark when speaking? (show a “lift” in the voice pitch at the end of the sentence)


How can keywords in dialogue help you figure out how to read a sentence or phrase? (with dialogue, context like “Mom screamed,” VS “Mom whispered,” tells you to say the dialogue very differently)


How can contextual clues help you figure out how to read a sentence or phrase? (for example, knowing the setting changes your intonation and expression – e.g. in a library people are quiet but in a lunchroom at school there is lots of noise to talk over)


What do long vowels sound like? (exactly like how we say the vowels when we recite the alphabet- A,E,I,O,U)


What do short vowels sound like? (some vowel have more than one short sound and sometimes they sound like each other – e.g. short /u/ and short /a/)


What are presentation skills? (describing with simple, clear words, using visual cues, using intonation to highlight important ideas, ask both open and closed questions, be confident, stay focused, make eye contact, etc.)


What marks or symbols can be used to signify pauses? (slashes / \ or dashes )


What marks or symbols can be used to signify emphasis on certain words? (bolding or underlining text)


What are positive speaking characteristics? (use descriptive words, pause after something important has been said, repeat important numbers or dates, says significant words slowly, emphasizes the annunciation of parts of words, speaks loudly and clearly)


What are negative speaking characteristics? (saying “and” and “umm” a lot, pausing too long, nervous twitches or fidgeting, stuttering, incorrectly pronounce words, mumbling, talking under the breath)


What are some skills to study before presenting information? (the better you know your information, the more confident you will feel, connect with all members of the audience to get your points across, stay positive, give clear & simple examples to make a point stick, make eye contact with the audience, use clear & attractive visual aids that compliment what you have to say, involve your audience, speak not too slowly or too quickly and don’t read word-by-word out loud from a script, end strong)


How do you choose or decide what the most important idea or concept is? (look for the detail that stands out the most – what is most interesting, helpful, or memorable)


Is the most interesting idea the same for everyone? (no, we are entitle to our different opinions)


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