4th Grade - 4th Grade Spelling

4th grade spelling
Spell correctly roots, inflections, suffixes and prefixes, and syllable constructions.
The ability to use phonics (word sounds) and knowledge of word parts (e.g. suffixes, prefixes, roots, syllables) and inflections (word changes e.g. the -s ending to plural nouns) to spell words correctly, with few errors or mistakes.

Sample Problems


What is an inflection? (a change to a word)


What parts can words be broken into? (prefixes, root words, suffixes)


What is a prefix? (the first or beginning part of a word)


What is a suffix? (the end or last part of a word)


What is a root word? (the basic meaningful beginning part of a word that is left after affixes are removed)

Learning Tips


Make spelling flashcards (preferably using index cards) with single letters of the word missing. You can write the missing letter on the back of the cards. Just be careful not to use words that have more than one spelling!


pr_ference e

la_y z

inde_isive c

under_ater w

thic_ k

mad_ e


Tongue Twisters

1. Write down common tongue twisters, or make your own (see below for examples)!

2. Illustrate a picture to show your picture/ image of the tongue twister.

3. Practice saying each tongue twister and see how fast you can say them!


  • Sally sells seashells by the seashore.

  • How much wood could a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?

  • Baby Bobbie blows big bubbles.

  • Lacey liked her lollipop she licked to nothing



Practice for your own “Spelling Bee!” Choose at least 25 words to study. Use the following sentences to help you with some suggested words and then make your own for the rest of the words you choose!

-must: You must finish your homework before you play.
-own: I own the house that my family lives in.

-press: Will you press the button to turn on the computer?

-right: Should I turn left or right to get to school?

-sea: The sea is full of amazing water animals.

-study: To prepare for the spelling bee, I have study very hard!

-through: Don’t forget to go through door to get to the backyard.

-very: The man is very tall and big.

-world: There are 7 continents in the entire world.


Make your own sound-spelling dominoes. You can use thick paper (preferably) cut up into rectangles. Split each domino with a line. On one half of the domino, draw a sound blend (e.g. /st/, /tr/, /spr/, /us/, /scr/, /sn/, etc.). Stick to a limited number of blends (or make different sets of dominoes) so you can make matches more easily. On the other half of the domino, draw a picture that has one of the sound blends you chose, but not the one on the other half of the card (e.g. a screw for /scr/, a straw and stop sign for /st/, a snail for /sn/, etc.). Have fun making patterns with the dominoes!


Make a sight word wall in your home. Use an old sheet, a large piece of paper, or a board of some type. You can write the words on pieces of paper or index cards and tape, pin, or write the words on your “Word Wall.” Whenever you identify a common word that is used more than once a day, add it to the wall. Seeing the spelling of the words is a constant reminder of how to correctly spell them. You can start off your wall with words like (also see Fry’s First 300 word list):

anything dog

funny longer

set took

around don't

gave love

seven town

Extra Help Problems


What is an example of an inflection? (a change in pronunciation because of a difference in spelling)


What is a syllable? (one single vowel sound or unit of spoken language)


How many syllables are in the word forgiven? (3 – for-giv-en)


How many syllables are in the word kite? (one – 1)


How many syllables are in the word kitten? (two – 2 – kitt-en)


How many syllables are in the word refrigerator? (five – 5 – re-frig-er-a-tor)


What is it called when root words appear in words with slightly different spelling? (inflections)


What are spelling strategies you can use to sound-out words? (phonics – saying the syllables out loud and blending them together; knowledge of cognates or similarly spelled words, especially roots, etc.)


What does the word there mean? (it references location – like “The remote control is over there.”


What does the word their mean? (it shows possession – like “The remote control is theirs.”


What does the word they’re mean? (it is a contraction for they are – like “They’re going to watch television.”


What does the word where mean? (it references location or place – like “Where is the remote control?”


What does the word were mean? (it is the past tense of are – like “We were there when he fell out of the tree.”


What does the word we’re mean? (it is a contraction for we are – like “We’re going to the movies.”


What is a phoneme? (the smallest unit of language – a single sound)


What are examples of phonemes? (/b/ /m/ /t/ /p/ etc.)


What does adding –e on the ends of words usually sound like? (the e is silent)


What does adding –s on the ends of words often do? (the s makes the word plural)


What are “sight words”? (words that are commonly used and seen, and should be easy to spell)



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