4th Grade - Informal Presentations

Oral Presentations
Informal presentations
Make informational presentations: frame a key question, include facts and details that help listeners to focus, incorporate more than one source of information (speakers, books, newspapers, television or radio reports)
The ability to relate information from many, varied sources in an organized presentation.

Sample Problems


How do you frame a key question? (solidify, or single out, the main topic or idea and create a question including it in the sentence)


How can you engage listeners, or make them pay attention? (grab their interest by making things funny or interesting; use expression, intonation, eye contact, etc.)


What are many, varied sources of information you can use to find information? (books, radio, newspaper, television, magazines, newspapers, etc.)


Why is it important to share information in presentations? (to impart knowledge – to help others learn and internalize (really understand) the knowledge for your self)


What are details and facts? (small bits of information – important concepts and ideas broken into easy-to-understand parts)

Learning Tips


Practice answering common everyday questions with mini-presentations. For example, when answering, “What’s for dinner?” (key question) have fun presenting the diners with the menu facts and details, options and possibilities. Make the presentation lively and engaging by giving the foods funny nicknames and/or adding descriptive information about the food such as, “It doesn’t get healthier than this – stewed kooky carrots and gooey green beans” or “This meal is one step away from a heart attack – do your jumping jacks before you sit down to enjoy!”


Contrast a boring, slow, ineffective presentation to a lively, energetic, effective presentation. Practice “acting” in both roles while presenting the same information. Evaluate together what makes the second presentation better.


Watch or listen to the news. Take notes on how they convey information. What parts do the reporters/ anchors emphasize, exaggerate, or blow up? What parts do they say quickly or skip over? When the story is finished, do you understand the main idea enough to be able to form a key question?


Have a lemonade/ punch/ cookies stand. Try to sell your product with effective presentation strategies. These can include, but are not limited to, making an attractive sign with big letters, maybe a picture, and perhaps a funny phrase or silly name for your “business”; make sure you’re dressed nicely; have some key lines and/ or questions ready to say to potential customers, such as, “How thirsty are you? Well, it doesn’t matter – this single cup of lemonade will quench a starving person’s hungry!” and, “Fresh & refreshing lemonade! Get it while it’s cold!” etc. If you like, see how differently people react when you try hard to “sell” your product versus when you do nothing but sit there.


While walking through the grocery store or even looking through your pantry, pay close attention to the items that grab your attention. What characteristics do they possess that make them stand out from others? Look at their text type and size, the colors used in their packaging and the size and shape of the packaging. Do they have a slogan, statement, or promise like, “low-cholesterol” or “The Best in the West”? Is it catchy? Look carefully and have fun!

This same practice could be applied to billboards and commercials – any type of advertising.

Extra Help Problems


What media or methods of presentations can you use? (poster boards, lecture, PowerPoints, videos, pictures, essays, skits, etc.)


What are modalities? (different ways people learn or take in information)


What are different kinds of modalities? (auditory – hearing, spatial/ kinesthetic – feel/ touch, visual – sight)


What do modalities have to do with presentations? (since people learn in different ways, the best presentations will provide information in many, varied ways)


What presentation tactics address people with auditory modalities? (videos, songs, effective speech, ear-catching sounds, etc.)


What presentation tactics address people with kinesthetic modalities? (movement, getting them to practice something or work hands-on with objects, etc.)


What presentation tactics address people with visual modalities? (bullet points, outlines, graphic organizers, pictures, etc.)


What are presentation skills that help enhance a presentation, or make it better? (verbal cues such as order- 1st, 2nd, 3rd; facial expressions like smiling; and gestures like pointing)


Why is it important to gather information from many, varied resources? (to cross-reference, or compare and contrast, the information given to determine what is true and valid)


What different kinds of questions are there? (fact and opinion)


What kinds of questions are expected to be answered in information presentations? (factual questions)


What can a framing question begin with? (5 Ws and/or H – Who, What, When, Where, Why, How)


What are some keywords that can be used when framing a question? (significance, function, condition, purpose, kind, traits, etc.)

Copyright ©2009 Big Purple Hippos, LLC