4th Grade - Oral Presentations - Introductions, Conclusions And Evidence

Oral Presentations
Oral presentations - introductions, conclusions and evidence
Present effective introductions and conclusions that guide and inform the listener's understanding of important ideas and evidence.
The ability to grab the attention of listeners in an audience, involve them, and connect the beginning (introduction) and end (conclusion) of a presentation to come “full circle.”

Sample Problems


What does effective mean? (efficient, successful, helpful, useful, etc.)


What is an introduction? (beginning, foreword, opening, etc.)


What is a conclusion? (ending, closing, finish, etc.)


What are ideas? (concepts, thoughts, beliefs, etc.)


What is evidence? (proof, facts, data, etc.)

Learning Tips


Practice “scare tactics.” Take a tally of the “reaction factors” of people when you say certain things. What kinds of phrases catch their attention? Why? Introduction examples to grab attention:

Shocker: “This is my first day on the job.”

Question: “Have you ever_________?”

Humor: “Before I begin, let me tell you a funny story/ joke…”

Interesting Related/Random fact: “Did you know there’s a greater chance of being struck by lightning than the chance of being attacked by a shark?”


Be sure your presentation addresses a broad (not limited) audience. For example, perhaps some people won’t agree with what you’re saying, or won’t have a similar experience to connect with yours. This is perfectly fine, just be sure to include those people in your presentation in some way. Allowing the audience to be interactive helps foster their understanding and enhances their reactions to your material.


Leave the audience thinking at the end. Have a salient quote, statistic, or final point to end on. Give their brains “something to chew on,” if you will, so that your presentation sticks with them even after it is over. Make it memorable!


Don’t stare at the same spot during your presentation. Especially during your introduction – look around the scene and take it in – try to make eye contact or look right over people’s heads. Practice this at home with friends, family, animals, or even stuffed animals.


If you can memorize any part of your presentation, memorize the beginning (introduction) and/ or end (conclusion). Of course you don’t need to memorize the details, facts, quotes, etc. that fill the in-between. The more powerfully you deliver these parts, the stronger your overall presentation will be.

Extra Help Problems


What comes first in a presentation? (introduction)


What comes last in a presentation? (conclusion)


What is included in the middle of a presentation? (details, supporting evidence, ideas, examples, etc.)


What is the purpose of an introduction? (to introduce yourself, your ideas you will talk about, and grab the audience’s attention)


What is the purpose of a conclusion? (leave the audience with something to remember, end strong with an exciting or interesting detail, idea, fact, quote, etc.)


Why is it important to state the purpose of a presentation? (so that the listeners know what to pay attention to throughout)


What ways can you share the purpose of a presentation? (printed or stated title, main ideas, state major idea, etc.)


What does eloquent mean? (expressive, articulate, well-spoken, etc.)


What does “grab attention” mean? (to get the audience’s attention and interest)


What are the parts of a presentation before, during, and after the actual act of presenting? (the topic to communicate, the context or circumstances (formal, informal), options for delivery, anticipated questions and/or responses, and what to consider next)


What are circumstances? (the situation, conditions, etc. – similar to context)


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