Many children are inquisitive, especially in the 4th grade. One of their favorite questions is often, “Why?” Well, here’s your opportunity to ask them, “Why?” Start with any recent scenario and ask them why something happened to solicit the causes of the action. Then ask them, “What will happen/ did happen then?” to solicit the effects of the action. Repeat the occurrence back to them using this sentence stem: “So the causes of you ____________ were _______________ and the effects of you _____________ were _______________.” Then you can ask them what they notice about their experience – perhaps patterns involved or a lesson to be learned.
“So the causes of you skateboarding on the railing were pressure from your friends and you overestimating your ability and the effects of you skateboarding on the railing were you falling, hurting your ankle, and crying to me.”