4th Grade - Recite Poems, Soliloquies And Dialogues

Speaking and Listening
Recite poems, soliloquies and dialogues
Recite brief poems (i.e., two or three stanzas), soliloquies, or dramatic dialogues, using clear diction, tempo, volume, and phrasing.
The ability to recite short poems, soliloquies, or dramatic dialogue (conversation), with intonation, expression, and emphasis on diction, tempo (pace), volume, and phrasing (pronunciation).

Sample Problems


What is a stanza? (a verse or paragraph-like part of a poem)


What are types of poems? (haiku, cinquain, rhyming, concrete, free verse, etc.)


What is dramatic dialogue? (theatrical discussion, talking, conversation, etc.)


What are soliloquies? (a solo delivery of a message alone, with no other characters)


What is diction? (pronunciation, enunciation, delivery, etc.)

Learning Tips


Since there is a connection between songs and poems, find the lyrics for your favorite song, if you don’t know them by heart. Also, be careful since sometimes we think we know the words but we don’t have them quite right! Sing along with the music and then practice reciting the lyrics without any background noise. Which way is easier?

Some suggested songs to start with:

  • holiday (“Jingle Bells”, “Silent Night,” etc.)

  • pop music (Hannah Montana, Jonas Brothers, etc.)


Gather several poems (you can write the words yourself, print them from the Internet, or look in books.) On the paper the poem is printed/ written, or on Post-Its, write the number of syllables in each line at the end of the line.


This old man, he played one, 6

He played knick knack on his thumb 7

With a knick, knack, paddy whack, 7

Give the dog a bone; 5

This old man came rolling home. 7


Read rhyming poems at different paces, or tempos. What changes when you read it fast? slow? Can you maintain clear diction even when you read them quickly?


Often we have our own soliloquies in mind. Sometimes we share them, sometimes we just think about them. Even if you don’t have a repetitive idea, you can easily make one up. Just think about a topic you are passionate about that relates to yourself (e.g. a sport you play, a favorite place to go, a friend, etc.). Practice your soliloquy in front of a mirror.


If you can find a partner to “act out” a dramatic dialogue, great! Find a script of a television show or Readers Theatre script. Choose your rolls and act out a dramatic dialogue where you talk to each other using the appropriate volume (e.g. whisper, yell, scream, etc.). Have fun!

Extra Help Problems


What is tempo? (the pace or speed)


What is volume? (the loudness or quietness)


What is phrasing? (the way words are chosen to be grouped together)


What is a syllable? (a single spoken vowel sound)


What other medium is similar to poetry? (music)


What are the words in songs called? (lyrics)


What does alternating mean? (sporadic, not constant)


What is a pattern? (something that repeats over and over)


What is a couplet? (two rhyming lines of a poem, often with end rhyming words)


What is a syllabic pattern? (the amount of syllables in sequential lines – e.g. 6-8-6-8-6-8 or 7-5-7, etc.)


Do rhyming words have to be spelled the same way? (no, they can be homophones)


What is a homophone? (words or letter sounds that have the same pronunciation but are spelled differently)


What is a homograph? (words or letter sounds that are spelled the same way)


What is similar about homographs and homophones? (they have multiple meanings and sound alike)


What is different about homographs and homophones? (homographs are spelled alike while homophones are spelled differently)


What are homographs and homophones called? (homonyms)


What is an example of a homograph that begins with “a”? (air as in what we breath and air as in on-air in television)


What is an example of a homophone that begins with “a”? (ail as in getting sick, ale as in the drink)


How can you count syllables? (clap or count each time you have to open your mouth/ move your chin when pronouncing the word)


What is a another word for a soliloquy? (monologue)


What is a monologue? (when one person speaks – root mono = 1)


What is a dialogue? (when two people speak – root di = 2)



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