2nd Grade - Clarify And Organize Ideas

 
     
 
     
 
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2nd
Reading and Comprehension
Clarify and organize ideas
Restate facts and details in the text to clarify and organize ideas.
Tell and list facts and details in the text to clarify and organize ideas. Summarize information that has been read. Identify the main idea and details about a certain topic. Tell the difference between facts and opinions.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What does it mean to summarize? (tell what’s important from the reading)

(2)

What is the main idea? (the most important sentence in a paragraph that tells what all or most of a paragraph is about) Where in a paragraph is the main idea usually found? (the first sentence or near the beginning of the paragraph)

(3)

What are details? (Besides the topic sentence, all of the other sentences in a paragraph are details. Details tell what the main idea or topic is about.)

(4)

What is a fact? Give one example of a fact. (a statement that can be proven or information based on real occurrences – The capital of California is Sacramento.)

(5)

What is an opinion? Give one example of an opinion. (your own thoughts a judgment or belief – Chocolate is the best kind ice-cream.)

Learning Tips

(1)

Summarizing is the concept of identifying key elements and condensing important information into ones own words after reading. To help your child better understand the concept, remind them that it is telling or picking out the most important information from the reading. Have your child think of reading a story and then you walk in the room and ask them to quickly tell you what the story is about. Encourage them to tell you the most important parts rather than reading from the story or sharing all of the details from the story. Have your child tell parts that are essential to the story such as main character, setting, main problems, and solutions (answers to the problem).

(2)

The main idea is the author’s main message or topic as to what the selection is about. The main idea of a paragraph tells the topic of the paragraph. The topic tells what all or most of the sentences are about. Remind your child that the topic sentence is usually found at the beginning of the paragraph. The first sentence often tells what is being discussed in the passage.

(3)

Help your child better understand main idea by brainstorming ideas. Using a piece of writing paper, have your child think of one activity or idea that interests him/her and write it at the top of the paper. For example, your child might choose to write ideas about “making paper airplanes”. Children must then think of all the phrases that express ideas that go with their topic. For example, the type of paper to use, the way to fold the paper, and the way to throw the plane. Everything that is added under the idea of making paper airplanes becomes the details, while the making of paper airplanes is the main idea of all of the other phrases.

(4)

Remind your child that a fact is a statement that can be proven or information based on real occurrences. An example of a fact is “The capital of California is Sacramento.” A better way to help your child understand facts is to encourage your child to read nonfiction books (books that are true). Take time to go to the library where your child can be shown an entire section of nonfiction books. Nonfiction books contain facts about the subject that is being discussed. These stories are not made up by the author, but stories that tell about things that are true or really happened.

(5)

Remind your child that an opinion is a statement that expresses your own thoughts. This can also be known as a judgment or a belief. An example of an opinion is “Chocolate is the best kind of ice-cream.” Tell your child that opinions are what you may think, however, somebody else might think different. Somebody else might think vanilla is the best kind of ice-cream. When people give their own thoughts these are known as opinions.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

What does it mean to summarize?

(2)

What is the main idea?

(3)

What are details?

(4)

What is a fact?

(5)

What is an opinion?

(6)

Give one example of an opinion. _________________________

____________________________________________________

(7)

Give one example of a fact. _____________________________

____________________________________________________

(8)

Circle the example of a fact.


The capital of Ohio is Columbus.

Mint ice cream is the best kind of ice cream.

(9)

Put an X next to the statements that are opinions.


_____ The sky is blue.

_____ An apple is a type of fruit.

_____ Roses are the best smelling flowers.

_____ Las Vegas is a city in Nevada.

_____ Green is the prettiest color.


(10)

Sort the statements into the correct columns.


Facts Opinions

________________________ _______________________

________________________ _______________________


There are 50 states in the United States.

Her eyes are so beautiful.

Bananas are a great fruit.

North America is one of the seven continents.


(11)

Write an F next to statements that are facts and write O next to statements that are opinions.


_____ The sky is blue.

_____ An apple is a type of fruit.

_____ Roses are the best smelling flowers.

_____ Las Vegas is a city in Nevada.

_____ Green is the prettiest color.


(12)

Read the story Tom’s Fear. Then, answer questions 12-18.


Tom’s Fear


Tom was afraid to go to sleep at night because he thought that something was hiding under his bed. Every night Tom would stay up for hours with his flashlight as he curled up in a ball underneath his covers. His parents were unaware of this and often wondered why he was so tired each morning. Finally, Tom realized that it was time to take charge. This was his bedroom and he was determined to face his fears. That night as his parents tucked him into bed and turned of the light, Tom sat quietly with his flashlight on. He decided that in order to face his fears he would need to climb out of bed and take a look for himself as to what was under his bed. Tom was so nervous. He counted slowly to five and then jumped out of bed with his flashlight in his left hand. He threw back the covers and peered underneath his bed. Nothing. He shined the flashlight from one end to the other. There was absolutely nothing underneath. Tom laughed. He had been staying up for so long now and there was nothing to be afraid of. Tom crawled back into bed. He took a deep breath and turned off his flashlight. Tom drifted quickly to sleep.


What is the main idea of the story? ______________________

__________________________________________________


(13)

List three details from the story that describe the main idea.


Detail 1: ____________________________________________

Detail 2:_____________________________________________

Detail 3: ____________________________________________


(14)

Why was Tom afraid to go to bed at night? _________________

____________________________________________________

(15)

Summarize the story Tom’s Fear on the lines below. (Remember to only tell the main parts of the story.)

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________


(16)

Circle the best answer.


What item did Tom use to see if there was anything hiding underneath his bed?


  1. a flashlight

  2. a candle

  3. binoculars


(17)

Circle the fact and underline the opinion.


Tom was afraid to go to sleep because he thought something was under his bed.


Tom’s Fear is a scary story.

(18)


Circle the best answer.


What did Tom decide he had to do to face his fears?


  1. sing a song

  2. look under the bed

  3. keep holding his flashlight

(19)

The sentences below are mixed up. Read the sentences and circle the sentence that tells the main idea.


Washing Your Hands


Squirt the soap into your hands.

Rub your hands together making sure to get the front and back.

Washing your hands is an important way to get rid of germs.

Rinse the soap from your hands.

First, turn on the water and get your hands wet.

Finally, dry your hands on a towel.


(20)

The sentences below are mixed up. Read the sentences and number them in the correct order that they happen.


Washing Your Hands


_____ Squirt the soap into your hands.

_____ Rub your hands together making sure to get the front and

back.

_____ Washing your hands is an important way to get rid of

germs.

_____ Rinse the soap from your hands.

_____ First, turn on the water and get your hands wet.

_____ Finally, dry your hands on a towel


(21)

Read the story and answer the question.


Tom’s Fear


Tom was afraid to go to sleep at night because he thought that something was hiding under his bed. Every night Tom would stay up for hours with his flashlight as he curled up in a ball underneath his covers. His parents were unaware of this and often wondered why he was so tired each morning. Finally, Tom realized that it was time to take charge. This was his bedroom and he was determined to face his fears. That night as his parents tucked him into bed and turned of the light, Tom sat quietly with his flashlight on. He decided that in order to face his fears he would need to climb out of bed and take a look for himself as to what was under his bed. Tom was so nervous. He counted slowly to five and then jumped out of bed with his flashlight in his left hand. He threw back the covers and peered underneath his bed. Nothing. He shined the flashlight from one end to the other. There was absolutely nothing underneath. Tom laughed. He had been staying up for so long now and there was nothing to be afraid of. Tom crawled back into bed. He took a deep breath and turned off his flashlight. Tom drifted quickly to sleep.


Read the sentences below. Put an X on the sentences that do not tell about something that happened from the story.


Tom used a flashlight at night when he was scared.


Tom told his parents about his fears.


Tom’s friend helped him check under his bed.


Tom found nothing underneath his bed.


Tom drifted quickly to sleep at the end of the story.

(22)

Write three sentences that could be details for the topic listed below.


Topic: Building a Snowman


Detail 1: ___________________________________________

Detail 2: ___________________________________________

Detail 3: ___________________________________________


(23)

Write three details that go with the main idea listed below. Remember to be creative.

Main Idea: It was a beautiful day to play at the park.


Detail: _____________________________________________

Detail: _____________________________________________

Detail: _____________________________________________

(24)




Read the paragraph. Cross out the detail that does not belong.


My Favorite Subject


My favorite subject in school is Math. I love it because I like to work with numbers. I even practice extra math problems at home. I also like to eat apples for snack. My favorite lesson in Math is when we get to work with money. I am so good at counting change.

(25)

Read the paragraph below. Write a main idea on the line that goes with the details listed in the paragraph.


The trip to the Zoo


__________________________________________. First, we stopped to see the dolphin show. I got wet as the dolphins splashed and played in the tank. Next, we went to see the monkeys. Many of them were eating bananas as they were swinging from the trees. I even saw one make a silly face at me. Finally, I got to see my favorite animal of all; the elephants. Two of the big gray elephants were hosing each other off in the water. As we left the zoo that day, I was already planning my next trip back.

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