2nd Grade - Reading Diagrams, Charts And Graphs

 
     
 
     
 
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2nd
Reading and Comprehension
Reading diagrams, charts and graphs
Interpret information from diagrams, charts, and graphs.
Read information found in diagrams, charts, and graphs. Locate specific information in reading diagrams, charts, and graphs. Answer questions and form ideas after reading diagrams, charts, and graphs.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What does it mean to interpret something? (to explain or tell the meaning)

(2)

What is the difference between charts and graphs? (Charts are often used to show steps in a progress and events in sequence. Graphs are used to show drawings that show the relationship between changing things, comparing items, or sharing results.)

(3)

Name an example of a kind of graph. (pictograph, bar graph, pie graph, line graph)

(4)

Name an example of a kind of chart. (Five W’s Chart, Venn Diagram, T-Chart, Problem-Solution Chart)

(5)

In a KWL Chart, what do the letters K, W, and L represent? (K- What do I know about the topic? W – What I want to learn about the topic? L What have I learned about the topic?)

Learning Tips

(1)

Children often have a hard time recognizing the differences between charts and graphs. To help your child better understand these differences, inform your child that when using the word chart we think of organizational charts and simple diagrams. These charts are often used at school to show steps in a process, events in a sequence, and names in a hierarchy. (Ex. KWL charts, T Charts, etc. http://eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/) When using the word graph, we refer to pictographs and bar graphs. These graphs are drawings that show the relationship between changing things, make comparisons, and show results.

(2)

Encourage your child to read all of the information on a chart or graph before make any assumptions. Every bit of information is important because charts and graphs focus on key information that has been pulled from text. Have your child read titles and headings to help better understand what information is being shown in the chart or graph.

(3)

Encourage your child to use graphic organizers when reading. Graphic organizers will help your child make abstract ideas more concrete by allowing him/her to see their own thinking represented visually. If your child is having trouble studying for a test, encourage your child to use a graphic organizer to write down information. For example, if your child has to compare and contrast information he/she can complete a Venn Diagram. (A Venn Diagram template can be found at http://eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/pdf/venn.pdf .) This will allow your child to review organized notes as opposed to rereading or remembering pieces of information.

(4)

To help your child reflect on the before, during, and after aspect in reading nonfiction, encourage your child to use a KWL chart. This is a three-column chart that has children focus on information they already know, want to know, and reflect on new information learned. If your child has a focus of study (rocks, planets, animals, etc.), this is a great tool to use. Have your child make a three-column chart, drawing two vertical lines to create the three columns. Label the first column K for What do I already know about this topic? Label the second column W for What do I want to learn about this topic? Label the third column L for What have I learned about this topic? Before your child reads, have him/her fill in the first column using words, terms, or phrases of information from prior knowledge. Next, have your child fill the second column with what they want to learn. After reading, have your child fill in the final column with information that he/she learned from the text. Encourage your child to compare the information learned with the information he/she wanted to learn. If there are still unanswered questions from the second column, plan a trip to the library to find more books pertaining to the chosen topic.

(5)

To help your child pick out setting (where a story takes place), characters, and plot (action in a story-problem and solution) from a fictional story, introduce him/her to a story map. (The template for a story map can be found at http://eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/pdf/storymap1_eng.pdf.) Have your child read the book and then fill in the information from the chart. Titles for each section are labeled; therefore your child can fill in information as he/she reads from the book. Story maps can be an easy way to teach your child about the concepts of setting, characters, and plot.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Circle the best answer.


What does it mean to interpret something?


A. to explain or tell the meaning

B. to write lightly

C. to act out a situation


(2)

Fill in the blanks to make the sentences complete.


______________ are often used to show steps in a progress and events in a sequence.


______________ are used to show drawing that show the relationship between changing things, comparing items, or sharing results.


Graphs Charts


(3)

Name two examples of a type of graph.


  1. ___________________________________________

  2. ___________________________________________



(4)

Name two examples of a kind of chart.


  1. ____________________________________________________

  2. ____________________________________________________


(5)

In a KWL chart, what do the letters K, W, and L stand for.


K = _____________________________________________________

W = _____________________________________________________

L = ______________________________________________________


(6)

Circle the best answer to complete the sentence.


A Venn Diagram _________________________________________.


-shows the growth of two different objects over time.


-compares and contrasts two object.


(7)

The sentences below are mixed up. Read the sentences and number them in the correct order that they happen.


Washing Your Hands


_____ Squirt the soap into your hands.

_____ Rub your hands together making sure to get the front and

back.

_____ Rinse the soap from your hands.

_____ First, turn on the water and get your hands wet.

_____ Finally, dry your hands on a towel


(8)

Using the steps from questions 7. Rewrite the steps in the correct order on the chart below. The first one has been done for you.


Washing Your Hands


  1. First, turn on the water and get your hands wet.

  2. ____________________________________________________

  3. ____________________________________________________

  4. ____________________________________________________

  5. ____________________________________________________

(9)

Sort the words in the word box into the columns on the chart below.


Word Box

hair or fur lizard give live birth rough scaly skin

lay eggs bear dog snake


Mammals Reptiles

__________________ _________________

__________________ _________________

__________________ _________________

__________________ _________________


(10)

Read the topic that is given. Then, complete the 5 W’s chart below. Give at least one detail to answer each question.


Topic: Eating at My Favorite Restaurant

Who:

What:

Where:

When:

Why:


(11)

After completing the 5W’s chart from problem 10, write a paragraph about eating in your favorite restaurant on the lines below. Remember to give your paragraph a title.


_______________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

(12)

Write the steps needed to complete the topic below.

Washing a Car

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________


(13)

Use the chart below to answer questions 13-16.


Class Schedule


8:00-8:30---------------------------------------Morning Business

8:30-10:00-------------------------------------Spelling/Reading

10:00-10:30------------------------------------Recess

10:30-11:30------------------------------------English

11:30-12:30------------------------------------Lunch

12:30-1:30--------------------------------------Math

1:30-2:30----------------------------------------Science

2:30-3:00----------------------------------------Pack Up

3:00-----------------------------------------------Dismissal


What time does English begin? ______________________________


(14)

What do children do first Math or Science? _________________________

(15)

Using the chart, how long is recess? ______________________________

(16)

Circle the best answer.


At what time does lunch end?


  1. 11:30

  2. 12:30

  3. 1:30

(17)

Think of a topic that you would like to write about. Write your topic on the line below.


Topic: _____________________________________________

(Write 1 detail about the topic.) __________________________

___________________________________________________

(Write another detail.) _________________________________

___________________________________________________

(Write another detail.) _________________________________

___________________________________________________

(Write another detail.) _________________________________

___________________________________________________

(Write an interesting ending that sums up your topic.) ________

___________________________________________________

(18)

Sort the words in the word box into the columns below. Some words will not be used.


Word Box

blue feather circle bear yellow paper


oval red triangle square


Colors Shapes

__________________ _________________

__________________ _________________

__________________ _________________

__________________ _________________

(19)

Choose a topic that you would like to research and write it on the line below. Before you begin research on the chosen topic, complete the first two columns. After you have performed your research, complete the third column.


Topic: ___________________________________________________


K (What do I know?)




W (What do I want to know?)




L (What have I learned?)

(20)

Below is a timeline that shows what Suzy did one morning. Use the timeline to answer questions 20-23.


9:00 9:30 10:00 11:00

l l I I

Woke up Ate breakfast Went to the park Ate lunch


What time did Suzy at breakfast? ____________________________

(21)

For how long did Suzy play at the park? ___________________________

(22)

What did Suzy do after she woke up? _____________________________

(23)

The topic and supporting details are mixed up below. Use the flow chart to fill in the topic and supporting details. Write each idea on the lines.


Topic: _____________________________________________________

Detail: _____________________________________________________

Detail: _____________________________________________________

Detail: _____________________________________________________


Bear, dogs, and cats are examples of mammals.

Mammals are amazing and interesting animals.

They have hair of fur.

Mammals give live birth to their young.


 

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