What does it mean to interpret something? (to explain or tell the meaning)
What is the difference between charts and graphs? (Charts are often used to show steps in a progress and events in sequence. Graphs are used to show drawings that show the relationship between changing things, comparing items, or sharing results.)
Name an example of a kind of graph. (pictograph, bar graph, pie graph, line graph)
Name an example of a kind of chart. (Five W’s Chart, Venn Diagram, T-Chart, Problem-Solution Chart)
In a KWL Chart, what do the letters K, W, and L represent? (K- What do I know about the topic? W – What I want to learn about the topic? L What have I learned about the topic?)
Children often have a hard time recognizing the differences between charts and graphs. To help your child better understand these differences, inform your child that when using the word chart we think of organizational charts and simple diagrams. These charts are often used at school to show steps in a process, events in a sequence, and names in a hierarchy. (Ex. KWL charts, T Charts, etc. http://eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/) When using the word graph, we refer to pictographs and bar graphs. These graphs are drawings that show the relationship between changing things, make comparisons, and show results.
Encourage your child to read all of the information on a chart or graph before make any assumptions. Every bit of information is important because charts and graphs focus on key information that has been pulled from text. Have your child read titles and headings to help better understand what information is being shown in the chart or graph.
Encourage your child to use graphic organizers when reading. Graphic organizers will help your child make abstract ideas more concrete by allowing him/her to see their own thinking represented visually. If your child is having trouble studying for a test, encourage your child to use a graphic organizer to write down information. For example, if your child has to compare and contrast information he/she can complete a Venn Diagram. (A Venn Diagram template can be found at http://eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/pdf/venn.pdf .) This will allow your child to review organized notes as opposed to rereading or remembering pieces of information.
To help your child reflect on the before, during, and after aspect in reading nonfiction, encourage your child to use a KWL chart. This is a three-column chart that has children focus on information they already know, want to know, and reflect on new information learned. If your child has a focus of study (rocks, planets, animals, etc.), this is a great tool to use. Have your child make a three-column chart, drawing two vertical lines to create the three columns. Label the first column K for What do I already know about this topic? Label the second column W for What do I want to learn about this topic? Label the third column L for What have I learned about this topic? Before your child reads, have him/her fill in the first column using words, terms, or phrases of information from prior knowledge. Next, have your child fill the second column with what they want to learn. After reading, have your child fill in the final column with information that he/she learned from the text. Encourage your child to compare the information learned with the information he/she wanted to learn. If there are still unanswered questions from the second column, plan a trip to the library to find more books pertaining to the chosen topic.
To help your child pick out setting (where a story takes place), characters, and plot (action in a story-problem and solution) from a fictional story, introduce him/her to a story map. (The template for a story map can be found at http://eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/pdf/storymap1_eng.pdf.) Have your child read the book and then fill in the information from the chart. Titles for each section are labeled; therefore your child can fill in information as he/she reads from the book. Story maps can be an easy way to teach your child about the concepts of setting, characters, and plot.
Sort the words in the word box into the columns below. Some words will not be used.
blue feather circle bear yellow paper
oval red triangle square
Choose a topic that you would like to research and write it on the line below. Before you begin research on the chosen topic, complete the first two columns. After you have performed your research, complete the third column.