2nd Grade - Reading Comprehension For 2nd Grade, Part 1

 
     
 
     
 
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2nd
Reading and Comprehension
Reading Comprehension for 2nd Grade, part 1
State the purpose in reading.
State the purpose in reading. Tell what information is sought in text. Use strategies to find information needed in text.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What are the purposes for reading? (to complete a task, to be informed, for literary experience, and for enjoyment)

(2)

What are some reading strategies that can be used when reading to complete a task? (1.) Read all directions entirely through before beginning. 2.) Look at any pictures, charts, or diagrams 3.) Ask yourself: “Are there any steps that I do not understand?” If there are read through those steps again. 4.) Gather all materials.)

(3)

What are some strategies that can be used when reading for literary experience? (1.) Read any comprehension questions to be answered first before reading the material. 2.) Read the text more than once. 3.) Use pictures, diagrams, and charts to help clarify information. 4.) Ask yourself “Do I understand what I read?” 5.) Look back to find answers.)

(4)

What are some strategies that can be used when reading to be informed about a certain topic? (1.) Locate information by skimming or glancing. Do not read entire text entirely. 2.) Use table of contents, chapter headings, and indexes to help locate pages needed. 3.) Use any pictures, bold print words, and glossaries to help better understand. 4.) Reread any information that is unclear.)

(5)

What can you ask yourself to help find the purpose for reading? (Why am I reading this material?)

Learning Tips

(1)

There are many different purposes for reading. Some of these purposes include personal enjoyment, to be informed or to obtain specific information, to complete a task, and reading for literary experience. Make sure you child states the purpose for reading before he/she begins to read. Have your child answer questions such as: “What kind of material is this?” and “Why am I reading this material?” These questions will help your child answer their purpose for reading a certain text.

(2)

When reading for enjoyment or to be entertained, allow your child to read the entire material or story and then have your child discuss parts about the material or story that he/she liked or disliked. When you child is reading for pure enjoyment he/she is not looking to answer any comprehension questions or trying to find how to complete any certain task. Therefore, encourage your child to answer questions such as: “What did you like best about the story?” “Was there any part that you did not like about the story?” How did you feel after reading the story?”

(3)

Many teachers assign comprehension questions to be completed after the reading of a story. Comprehension questions are used to tell how well a child understood the story that was read. When reading a story where comprehension questions must be completed at the end of the story, encourage your child to first read the comprehension questions before reading the story. When doing this, your child will have an idea of what information is being sought when reading the story. As your child reads and comes across answers to each question, he/she may choose to write short notes or page numbers on a piece of writing paper. At the end of the story, your child will have better idea as to each answer. Have your child look back into the story to find any unknown answers to questions. Remind your child that he/she is a “detective” and it is their job to find the information needed.

(4)

If comprehension questions are not assigned to a reading story and you would like to see how well your child understands what he/she is reading, write down five questions on your own that your child will be able to answer after finishing the text. Remember, to allow your child to read your questions before beginning the story so that your child is aware of what information is to be sought out. If you have never read the book yourself and are aware of what questions to ask, ask questions that can be paired with any reading. The following questions can be used to check for understanding: “Who are the main characters in this story?” “Where does the story take place?” “What was the problem in the story?” “Was there a solution (answer to the problem) to the problem?”

(5)

When reading to perform a specific task, remind your child to read all directions first before completing the task. Examples of text that are read when completing a task include: recipes, directions, and “how to” books. After reading the directions completely, encourage your child to go back and reread each step again. Rereading any steps that do not make sense or are not fully understood. Have your child look over any chart, diagrams, and/or illustrations before beginning to complete the task.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

What are the purposes for reading?

(2)

What are some reading strategies that can be used when

reading to complete a task?

(3)

What are some reading strategies that can be used when

reading for literary experience?

(4)

What are some reading strategies that can be used when

reading to be informed about a certain topic?

(5)

What question can you ask yourself to help find the purpose for

reading?

(6)

Read the recipe below and then answer the questions 6-11.


Sugar Cookies

Materials:

2 Eggs

1 Cup Butter

4 Cups flour

1 ½ Cups sugar

1 Tablespoon salt


Directions:

Step 1.) Beat eggs and butter together. Step 2.) Mix in flour, sugar, and salt. Step 3.) Drop tablespoon size circles of dough on a cookie sheet. Step 4.) Bake at 350 degrees for 10 minutes. Step 5.) Take out of oven and let cool. Step 6.) Place on wax paper.


What do you need to do in Step 2? _____________________________

__________________________________________________________


(7)

What do you need to do before you bake the cookies at 350 degrees for 10 minutes? ________________________________

____________________________________________________

(8)

What do you need to do after you take the cookies out of the oven to cool? ________________________________________

____________________________________________________

(9)

What materials are needed to make sugar cookies?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

(10)


How many steps are used to make sugar cookies? __________

(11)

How many cups of flour are used to make the recipe? __________

(12)

Use the table of contents to answer questions 1-17.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – Animals…………………………………………..3

Chapter 2 – Mammals………………………………………...7

Chapter 3 – Reptiles…………………………………………..12

Chapter 4 – Amphibians………………………………………18

Chapter 5 – Animal Habitats………………………………….22

Chapter 6 – Baby Animals…………………………………….26


What chapter would you go to find information about younger animals? _____________________________________________


(13)

What chapter would you turn to if you wanted to find information about where animals lived? _______________________________


(14)

What information would you read about in Chapter 2?

______________________________________________________

(15)

What page does the chapter about Amphibians begin on? _______

(16)

What page does the chapter about Animals end on? ____________

(17)

What information would you learn about in Chapter 4?

_____________________________________________________


(18)

Reading for Enjoyment – Read the story below and answer questions 18-20.


Sam’s Big Game


It was the day of the big game and Sam was so excited he could hardly get ready. He woke up extra early and jumped out of bed. He threw on his soccer uniform and ran into the kitchen. His mom was making breakfast, but noticed something strange about the outfit he was wearing. His mom began to laugh and it wasn’t until Sam looked down that he realized his jersey was on backwards. Sam reversed his shirt as he sat down at the table. His mom was making his favorite breakfast; pancakes and bacon, but the only thing he could think of was the game. He was too nervous, he could barely eat. He gulped down his orange juice and ran outside as soon as he heard his neighbor’s horn coming from the driveway. As he kissed his mom goodbye, he ran outside. Just as he got outside his friend Mike began to laugh. It wasn’t until he looked down that he realized that he had no shoes on. He too laughed, but then ran back in the house to grab his soccer spikes. Now he was ready for his big game.


Tell what you liked about the story.__________________________

______________________________________________________


(19)

Tell what you didn’t like about the story.______________________

______________________________________________________

(20)

How did the story make you feel after reading it? ______________

______________________________________________________

(21)

Reading for Literary Experience – Read questions 21-23 below. Then read the story Sam’s Big Game. After reading the story, go back and answer the comprehension questions.


Why was Sam so excited? ________________________________

______________________________________________________


(22)

What did Sam’s mom make for breakfast? ____________________

______________________________________________________

  1. cereal and toast

  2. eggs and sausage

  3. pancakes and bacon

(23)

What did Sam forget as he ran out the front door? ______________

______________________________________________________

Sam’s Big Game


It was the day of the big game and Sam was so excited he could hardly get ready. He woke up extra early and jumped out of bed. He threw on his soccer uniform and ran into the kitchen. His mom was making breakfast, but noticed something strange about the outfit he was wearing. His mom began to laugh and it wasn’t until Sam looked down that he realized his jersey was on backwards. Sam reversed his shirt as he sat down at the table. His mom was making his favorite breakfast; pancakes and bacon, but the only thing he could think of was the game. He was too nervous, he could barely eat. He gulped down his orange juice and ran outside as soon as he heard his neighbor’s horn coming from the driveway. As he kissed his mom goodbye, he ran outside. Just as he got outside his friend Mike began to laugh. It wasn’t until he looked down that he realized that he had no shoes on. He too laughed, but then ran back in the house to grab his soccer spikes. Now he was ready for his big game.

(24)

Using the story below to find cause and effect. Circle the best answer.


Cause: Sam had a big game.

Effect: ________________________________________________


  1. Sam kissed his mom.

  2. Sam was so excited he could hardly get ready.

  3. Sam’s favorite breakfast is pancakes and bacon.

Sam’s Big Game


It was the day of the big game and Sam was so excited he could hardly get ready. He woke up extra early and jumped out of bed. He threw on his soccer uniform and ran into the kitchen. His mom was making breakfast, but noticed something strange about the outfit he was wearing. His mom began to laugh and it wasn’t until Sam looked down that he realized his jersey was on backwards. Sam reversed his shirt as he sat down at the table. His mom was making his favorite breakfast; pancakes and bacon, but the only thing he could think of was the game. He was too nervous, he could barely eat. He gulped down his orange juice and ran outside as soon as he heard his neighbor’s horn coming from the driveway. As he kissed his mom goodbye, he ran outside. Just as he got outside his friend Mike began to laugh. It wasn’t until he looked down that he realized that he had no shoes on. He too laughed, but then ran back in the house to grab his soccer spikes. Now he was ready for his big game.

(25)

Use the story Sam’s Big Game to answer the question below.


What is the main idea of the story? _________________________

______________________________________________________


Sam’s Big Game


It was the day of the big game and Sam was so excited he could hardly get ready. He woke up extra early and jumped out of bed. He threw on his soccer uniform and ran into the kitchen. His mom was making breakfast, but noticed something strange about the outfit he was wearing. His mom began to laugh and it wasn’t until Sam looked down that he realized his jersey was on backwards. Sam reversed his shirt as he sat down at the table. His mom was making his favorite breakfast; pancakes and bacon, but the only thing he could think of was the game. He was too nervous, he could barely eat. He gulped down his orange juice and ran outside as soon as he heard his neighbor’s horn coming from the driveway. As he kissed his mom goodbye, he ran outside. Just as he got outside his friend Mike began to laugh. It wasn’t until he looked down that he realized that he had no shoes on. He too laughed, but then ran back in the house to grab his soccer spikes. Now he was ready for his big game.


 

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