2nd Grade - Reading Comprehension For 2nd Grade, Part 2

 
     
 
     
 
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2nd
Reading and Comprehension
Reading Comprehension for 2nd Grade, part 2
Use knowledge of the authors purpose(s) to comprehend informational text.
Use knowledge of author’s purpose to comprehend text and answer questions. Identify author’s purpose for writing. Use strategies to for reading text to better comprehend information.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

Name two examples of an author’s purpose for writing. (to entertain, to be informed or to explain how to complete a task, to describe, and to persuade)

(2)

What are some reading strategies that can be used when reading to complete a task? (1.) Read all directions entirely through before beginning. 2.) Look at any pictures, charts, or diagrams 3.) Ask yourself: “Are there any steps that I do not understand?” If there are read through those steps again. 4.) Gather all materials.)

(3)

What are some strategies that can be used when reading for literary experience? (1.) Read any comprehension questions to be answered first before reading the material. 2.) Read the text more than once. 3.) Use pictures, diagrams, and charts to help clarify information. 4.) Ask yourself “Do I understand what I read?” 5.) Look back to find answers.)

(4)

What are some strategies that can be used when reading to be informed about a certain topic? (1.) Locate information by skimming or glancing. Do not read entire text entirely. 2.) Use table of contents, chapter headings, and indexes to help locate pages needed. 3.) Use any pictures, bold print words, and glossaries to help better understand. 4.) Reread any information that is unclear.)

(5)

What does it mean when an author’s purpose is to persuade? (The author tries to get the reader to do or not do something by giving reasons.)

Learning Tips

(1)

There are many different purposes author use for writing. Some of these purposes include to be entertained, to be informed or to explain how to complete a task, to describe, and to persuade. Have your child answer questions such as: “What kind of material is this?” and “Why am I reading this material?” These questions will help your child answer their purpose for reading a certain text and will help him/her comprehend information that is being read.

(2)

When reading for enjoyment or to be entertained, allow your child to read the entire material or story and then have your child discuss parts about the material or story that he/she liked or disliked. When you child is reading for pure enjoyment he/she is not looking to answer any comprehension questions or trying to find how to complete any certain task. Therefore, encourage your child to answer questions such as: “What did you like best about the story?” “Was there any part that you did not like about the story?” How did you feel after reading the story?”

(3)

Many teachers assign comprehension questions to be completed after the reading of a story. Comprehension questions are used to tell how well a child understood the story that was read. When reading a story where comprehension questions must be completed at the end of the story, encourage your child to first read the comprehension questions before reading the story. When doing this, your child will have an idea of what information is being sought when reading the story. As your child reads and comes across answers to each question, he/she may choose to write short notes or page numbers on a piece of writing paper. At the end of the story, your child will have better idea as to each answer. Have your child look back into the story to find any unknown answers to questions. Remind your child that he/she is a “detective” and it is their job to find the information needed.

(4)

When authors write to persuade, they try to get the reader to do or not do something. The author’s main point is to get the reader to think as they do by giving them reasons. To help your child better under the meaning of persuasion, encourage your child to think something that they would like to have done in their neighborhood. For example, your child might respond by saying that he/she would like to see a big park built where children could play. Now tell you child to give as many reasons for why he/she thinks this park should be built. Your child might give reasons such as, the park will give children a safe place to play, it will keep children active and fit, it will give children something to do when they are bored, and it will give families a place to go together. Inform your child that this is an example of using persuasion; giving reasons to have someone do or not do something.

(5)

When your child is reading information where a task is meant to be performed, remind him/her to read all directions first before completing the task. Examples of text that are read when completing a task include: recipes, directions, and “how to” books. After reading the directions completely, encourage your child to go back and reread each step again. Rereading any steps that do not make sense or are not fully understood. Have your child look over any chart, diagrams, and/or illustrations before beginning to complete the task.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Name two examples of an author’s purpose for writing.

1.) ____________________________________________

2.) ____________________________________________


(2)

What are some reading strategies that can be used when

reading to complete a task?

(3)

What are some reading strategies that can be used when

reading for literary experience?

(4)

What are some reading strategies that can be used when

reading to be informed about a certain topic?

(5)

What does it mean when an author’s purpose is to persuade?

(6)

Read the recipe below and then answer the questions 6-11.


Sugar Cookies

Materials:

2 Eggs

1 Cup Butter

4 Cups flour

1 ½ Cups sugar

1 Tablespoon salt


Directions:

Step 1.) Beat eggs and butter together. Step 2.) Mix in flour, sugar, and salt. Step 3.) Drop tablespoon size circles of dough on a cookie sheet. Step 4.) Bake at 350 degrees for 10 minutes. Step 5.) Take out of oven and let cool. Step 6.) Place on wax paper.


What do you need to do in Step 2? _____________________________

__________________________________________________________


(7)

What do you need to do before you bake the cookies at 350 degrees for 10 minutes? ________________________________

____________________________________________________

(8)

What do you need to do after you take the cookies out of the oven to cool? ________________________________________

____________________________________________________

(9)

What materials are needed to make sugar cookies?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

(10)


How many steps are used to make sugar cookies? __________

(11)


How many cups of flour are used to make the recipe? __________

(12)

Use the table of contents to answer questions 1-17.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – Animals…………………………………………..3

Chapter 2 – Mammals………………………………………...7

Chapter 3 – Reptiles…………………………………………..12

Chapter 4 – Amphibians………………………………………18

Chapter 5 – Animal Habitats………………………………….22

Chapter 6 – Baby Animals…………………………………….26


What chapter would you go to find information about younger animals? _____________________________________________


(13)

What chapter would you turn to if you wanted to find information about where animals lived? _______________________________


(14)

What information would you read about in Chapter 2?

______________________________________________________

(15)

What page does the chapter about Amphibians begin on? _______

(16)

What page does the chapter about Animals end on? ____________

(17)

What information would you learn about in Chapter 4?

_____________________________________________________


(18)

Reading for Enjoyment – Read the story below and answer questions 18-20.


Sam’s Big Game


It was the day of the big game and Sam was so excited he could hardly get ready. He woke up extra early and jumped out of bed. He threw on his soccer uniform and ran into the kitchen. His mom was making breakfast, but noticed something strange about the outfit he was wearing. His mom began to laugh and it wasn’t until Sam looked down that he realized his jersey was on backwards. Sam reversed his shirt as he sat down at the table. His mom was making his favorite breakfast; pancakes and bacon, but the only thing he could think of was the game. He was too nervous, he could barely eat. He gulped down his orange juice and ran outside as soon as he heard his neighbor’s horn coming from the driveway. As he kissed his mom goodbye, he ran outside. Just as he got outside his friend Mike began to laugh. It wasn’t until he looked down that he realized that he had no shoes on. He too laughed, but then ran back in the house to grab his soccer spikes. Now he was ready for his big game.


Tell what you liked about the story.__________________________

______________________________________________________


(19)

Tell what you didn’t like about the story.______________________

______________________________________________________

(20)

How did the story make you feel after reading it? ______________

______________________________________________________

(21)

Read the topic below. Give four reasons to persuade readers why the topic should be allowed. Be creative.


Topic: Children should be allowed to chew gum in class.


  1. ___________________________________________________

  2. ___________________________________________________

  3. ___________________________________________________

  4. ___________________________________________________


(22)

Read the topic below. Give four reasons to persuade readers why the topic should not be allowed. Be creative.


Topic: Children should be allowed to chew gum in class.


  1. ___________________________________________________

  2. ___________________________________________________

  3. ___________________________________________________

  4. ___________________________________________________


(23)

The author’s purpose in the paragraph below is to describe. Add adjectives (descriptive words) to fill in the blanks below. Make sure the sentences make sense.


It was a _________________ day at the beach. The _____________, _______________ sun was shining high in the sky. The ______________ waves were crashing ______________ against the rocks that lead out into the ocean. Children were running across the sand screaming and yellowing while the wind was blowing through their hair. It was going to be a _________________ first day of summer vacation and I was happy to be able to spend it at the beach.

(24)



Read the story below. Tell if the author’s purpose is to entertain, to be informed, to describe, or to persuade.

Sam’s Big Game


It was the day of the big game and Sam was so excited he could hardly get ready. He woke up extra early and jumped out of bed. He threw on his soccer uniform and ran into the kitchen. His mom was making breakfast, but noticed something strange about the outfit he was wearing. His mom began to laugh and it wasn’t until Sam looked down that he realized his jersey was on backwards. Sam reversed his shirt as he sat down at the table. His mom was making his favorite breakfast; pancakes and bacon, but the only thing he could think of was the game. He was too nervous, he could barely eat. He gulped down his orange juice and ran outside as soon as he heard his neighbor’s horn coming from the driveway. As he kissed his mom goodbye, he ran outside. Just as he got outside his friend Mike began to laugh. It wasn’t until he looked down that he realized that he had no shoes on. He too laughed, but then ran back in the house to grab his soccer spikes. Now he was ready for his big game.


The author’s purpose is to ________________________________.


(25)

Read the story below. Tell if the author’s purpose is to entertain, to be informed, to describe, or to persuade.


Making a Peanut Butter Sandwich


In order to make a peanut butter sandwich, you must first get out all of your materials. You will need two pieces of bread, a knife, and peanut butter. First, take out the pieces of bread. On one side of the bread spread peanut butter. Next, put the two pieces of bread together. Finally, enjoy your sandwich.


The author’s purpose is to ________________________________.



 

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