2nd Grade - Recognizing Cause And Effect

 
     
 
     
 
Newsletters:
 
     
 
 
2nd
Reading and Comprehension
Recognizing cause and effect
Recognize cause-and-effect relationships in a text.
Use the comprehension skill cause and effect when reading a selection. Identify cause-and-effect relationships in a story.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What is a cause?

(2)

What is an effect?

(3)

Give an example of cause and effect.

(4)

Read the following sentence, “I fell in the mud and got my shirt dirty.” Underline the cause once. Underline the effect twice.

(5)

Can there be more than one cause and effect?

Learning Tips

(1)


Children often have trouble differentiating between cause and effect. Remind your child that cause is why something happens and effect is what happens (the result).

(2)

Have your child read a sentence that uses cause and effect. For example, “The girl fell in the mud and got her shirt dirty.” Whatever part of the sentence where the word “because” can be used before is the cause. The word “because” can be put in front of the part “The girl fell in the mud”. The other part of the sentence, “got her shirt dirty,” becomes the effect. Because the girl fell in the mud, (cause) she got her shirt dirty. (effect)

(3)

Signal words are often used in sentences or stories to show cause-and effect-relationships. Some of these words are because, so, and therefore. Encourage your child to look for these words when trying to recognize cause-and-effect relationships.

(4)

One cause can also have more than one effect. For example, the cause can be “Stacy got an A on her paper. The effects might be; “Tina was able to pick out a toy.” and “Tina got to stay up late.”

(5)

To help your child better understand the concept of cause and effect, have your child take a sheet of paper and fold it in half. Write “cause” on one side of the paper and “effect” on the other side. Have your child think of things he or she does around the house. Start off with the word “because”. For example, “Because I ate too much candy”. Have your child write this phrase in the cause column. Whenever you can start the phrase with “because”, this part becomes the cause. Next, have your child think of the result for what may happen. “Because I ate too much candy, I got sick.” The next part of the sentence or result is the effect.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Write the cause and effect for the sentence below.

Because the little girl brushes her teeth three times a day,

she has no cavities.


cause: ______________________________________

effect: _______________________________________

(2)

Write the cause and effect for the sentence below.

Sara got her pants wet when she stepped in a puddle.


cause: ______________________________________

effect: _______________________________________

(3)

Draw a line to match the cause with each effect below.

Cause Effect

It was cold and rainy outside, so Tina put on her jacket.


Jackie fell while jumping rope and put a hole in her tights.


(4)

Draw a line to match the cause with each effect below.

Cause Effect

Because the girl went on so Kim put it in the refrigerator.

vacation,


The food was very hot she had tons of laundry to do.


(5)

Write the cause and effect for the sentence below.

The girl ate so much candy; therefore, she became very sick.


cause: ______________________________________

effect: _______________________________________

(6)

Write the cause and effect for the sentence below.

Because Tim tea was so hot, he burned his tongue.


cause: ______________________________________

effect: _______________________________________

(7)



Read the sentence. Draw one line under the cause and two lines under the effect.


Because it rained, the driveway is wet.


(8)

Read the sentence. Circle the cause and draw a rectangle around the effect.


The sun began to shine, so the driveway dried off.


(9)

Read the sentence below and then answer the question.


Talie took a drawing class, so her sketches improved.


Why did Talie take an art class? ____________________


(10)

Read the sentence below and then answer the question.


Tracy spilled her drink and got her shirt dirty.


Why was Tracy’s shirt dirty? ____________________


(11)

Match the cause and effect. Write the letter on the line.


Cause

_____ The mom ran the dishwasher.

_____ The sun began to shine.


Effect

  1. The driveway was dry.

  2. The dishes were clean.

(12)

Read the story and then answer the questions below.

(Questions 12-14)

Once upon a time there was a lion that was sleeping in the grass. While he was sleeping a tiny mouse ran over his tail. The lion woke up and roared as loud as it could. The lion was very angry, as he looked around. The lion could not find what had woke him, so he tried to go back to sleep.


List one example of cause and effect from the story.

Cause: ___________________________________________

Effect: ___________________________________________


(13)




Why did the lion wake up? _______________________


(14)

Circle the correct answer to complete the question.

What did the lion do when he woke up?


The lion drank water. The lion roared and looked around.


(15)

Think of all the things that might happen because you got a

good grade on a test. (cause) Write your list below.


(effects)

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

(16)

Think of something that happened to you today and write it on the line. ______________________________________ (cause)


Now write what happened today because of what you wrote above.

_____________________________________________ (effect)


(17)

Complete the graphic organizer to show one cause and

three effects because of the cause.

Cause

________________________________


Effect

__________________________________

Effect

__________________________________

Effect

__________________________________


(18)

The effect is ________________________________.


(19)

The cause is ________________________________.

(20)

Write a cause that goes with the effect. Remember to use

a complete sentence.

Cause: __________________________________________

Effect: Mom had to do laundry.

(21)

Write a cause that goes with the effect. Remember to use

a complete sentence.

Cause: __________________________________________

Effect: The flower grew nice and big.

(22)

Write an effect that goes with the cause. Remember to use

a complete sentence.

Cause: It was raining outside.

Effect: __________________________________________

(23)

Write an effect that goes with the cause. Remember to use

a complete sentence.

Cause: The children had summer break.

Effect: __________________________________________

(24)

Write a cause and effect below.

Cause: _________________________________________

Effect: _________________________________________

(25)

Write a cause and two effects of the cause below.

Cause: _________________________________________

Effect: _________________________________________

Effect: _________________________________________


newsletters

 

Related Games

 
 

Copyright ©2009 Big Purple Hippos, LLC