2nd Grade - Syllables For Second Grade

 
     
 
     
 
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2nd
Words and Spelling
Syllables for second grade
Decode two-syllable nonsense words and regular multisyllable words.
Decode two-syllable nonsense words and regular multisyllable words. Read and understand the meaning of two-syllable words found in text. Use context clues to understand meaning of unknown words. Use prefixes and suffixes to find meaning of unknown words.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What does decode mean? (to discover the underlying meaning)

(2)

What is a syllable? (A syllable is a word or a part of a word. Each syllable has one vowel sound.)

(3)

How many syllables are in the word “doghouse”? (2)

(4)

Name two ways to find the meaning of or read an unknown word. (look up the word in the dictionary, use context clues to understand meaning, skip over the word and continue reading the sentence then go back, sound the word out)

(5)

What is a nonsense word? (non-words that rhyme with real words; used to measure how children use letter-sound correspondence and the ability to blend letters into words)

Learning Tips

(1)

Remind your child of these simple steps to use when they come to a word that they are unfamiliar with. Step 1 – Look carefully at the unfamiliar word. Step 2 – Look for word parts that you know or words within words and think about the sounds for the letters. For example, in the word “boat” children might identify the word “oat”. Step 3 – Sound out or blend sounds that you know. For example, in the word “thumb” your child might know that the letter t and letter h make the “th” sound. Step 4 – Have your child ask if they word they are reading makes sense in the sentence. Step 5 – Look at any pictures that are given for help. If your child is still having trouble identifying a word, encourage them to use a dictionary to find the pronunciation if the word.

(2)

Many times children have trouble decoding words when reading. Refrain from giving your child the answer as he/she reads. Allow him/her time to sound out the word and use context clues to solve first. Many children who are given words when reading expect to have unknown words given and will do away with using any strategies for word solving. Remember to be patient as your child reads and encourage them to sound out and use context clues before offering help.

(3)

To help your child better understand finding meaning in unknown words; share these following strategies for using context clues. Writers usually know when they must use a word that will be new to their readers; they must often include other words or phrases to help with the understanding of the new word. These words or phrases are known as context clues. Context clues can be found through examples and illustrations, synonyms (words that have similar meaning) and definitions, antonyms (opposites) and contrasts, and experience or sense of the sentence. Encourage your child to use these words as clues to learn the word he/she doesn’t know.

(4)

To help your child better understand letter-sound correspondence and the ability to blend letters into words, play rhyming games using both nonsense and regular words. Start by saying any word and ask your child to say back a word that rhymes. The word may be a nonsense word (a word that does not make sense) or a regular word. For example, the starter word might be “wobble”. Your child might respond by replacing the letter “w” with a letter “c” for the word “cobble”. The word “cobble” is a nonsense word, but encourages children to play with words and use knowledge of letter sounds. Encourage your child to see how many possible rhyming words, both regular and nonsense, he/she can come up with.

(5)

Have your child gain word knowledge by playing word games with him/her. Choose games such as word searches, crossword puzzles, hangman, and making words (take a big word and see how many words can be made by moving around letters) with your child. Use these games to make improving word knowledge fun for your child.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

What does decode mean? ___________________________________________

(2)

What is a syllable? _________________________________________________

(3)

How many syllables are in the word “doghouse”? Write the number on the line.

________


(4)

Name two ways to find the meaning of an unknown word.

______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________


(5)

What is a nonsense word? _________________________________________

(6)

Use context clues to find the word that completes the sentence. Circle the correct word.


The whale was __________________. It looked so big as it swam next to the tiny fish.


small loud humongous quiet

(7)

Use context clues to find the word that completes the sentence. Circle the correct word.

The girl was very ________________ while at school. She did not talk or play with the other children in the classroom.


outgoing loud shy big


(8)

Write the prefix and base word for the word listed below.


pretest prefix - _________________ base word - ________________


(9)

Write the prefix and base word for the word listed below.


hopeful base word - _________________ suffix - ________________

(10)

Circle the best answer to complete the sentence.


The prefix is found at the _____________________ of a word.


  1. beginning

  2. middle

  3. end


(11)

Circle the best answer to complete the sentence.


The suffix is found at the _____________________ of a word.


  1. beginning

  2. middle

  3. end



(12)

Write the meaning of the prefix shown below.


un- = _______________________


(13)

Write the meaning of the suffix shown below.

ful- = _______________________


(14)

Match the words with prefixes in Column A to their meanings in Column B. Draw a line to connect the words.


Column A Column B


unlike play again


replay before the test


disagree not like


pretest not agree



(15)

Match the words with suffixes in Column A to their meanings in Column B. Draw a line to connect the words.


Column A Column B


hopeful in a sad way


sadly without a hear


heartless full of hope


farmer a person that farms


(16)

Match the prefixes and suffixes in Column A to their meanings in Column B. Draw a line to connect the words.


Column A Column B


ful before


pre not


ly full of


un in a ___________ way



(17)

Read the riddle. Add letters to the blank to create a new word.


Riddle: To do something in a sad way _ _ _ _ _

(18)

Read the riddle. Add letters to the blank to create a new word.


Riddle: big, huge, gigantic h _ _ _ n _ _ _ s

(19)

Make a list of the words that rhyme with the word below. Words can be both nonsense and regular words. Write the words on the lines.

wobble


_______________ _________________ _______________

_______________ _________________ _______________

_______________ _________________ _______________

_______________ _________________ _______________

_______________ _________________ _______________

_______________ _________________ _______________

(20)

Use the word box below to fill in the missing blanks and complete the sentences. Each word can only be used once.


Word Box


around different across said there



I really like going to school. In class, I sit _________ from my best friend. It is nice to have her _________ all day. There are many __________ things to do ______________. We get to do science experiments, read books, and practice telling time. I really like when my teacher gets out the art supplies. She ____________ that I am very creative.


(21)

Use the word box below to fill in the missing blanks and complete the sentences. Some words might not be used.


Word Box


around enough different across said these there



I really like going to school. In class, I sit _________ from my best friend. It is nice to have her _________ all day. There are many __________ things to do ______________. We get to do science experiments, read books, and practice telling time. I really like when my teacher gets out the art supplies. She ____________ that I am very creative.

(22)

Read the sentence below. Using context clues, circle the meaning of the word in bold print.


The child was very lazy. She did not to swim or play outside, but chose to lie around and watch television.


active; moving quickly not energetic; moving slowly loud; outgoing


(23)

Circle the word that is a synonym for the underlined word.


The tiny bug flew around the flower.


huge small yellow


(24)

Read the sentence and underline the antonyms.


The tiny bug crawled up the big wall.


(25)

Change the first letter in the underlined nonsense word below to correctly complete the sentence. Write the regular word on the line.


Travity is the force that tries to pull two objects toward each other.


_______________


 

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