2nd Grade - Recognizing Spelling Patterns

 
     
 
     
 
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2nd
Words and Spelling
Recognizing spelling patterns
Recognize and use knowledge of spelling patterns (e.g., diphthongs, special vowel spellings) when reading.
Decode and recognize different spelling patterns such as diphthongs and special vowel patterns when reading. Use words containing diphthongs and spelling patterns when writing sentences.
 
 

Building Blocks/Prerequisites

 

Sample Problems

(1)

How many vowels are there in the alphabet? (5; a, e, i, o, and u)

(2)

What letters are consonants? (all of the other letters in the alphabet besides a, e, i, o, and u.)

(3)

What spelling pattern is used in the word “make”? (VCe = vowel, consonant, silent e)

(4)

What is a vowel diagraph? (two vowels that are next to one another and represent one sound usually the sound will be long – ex. “ai” as in rain) Give three examples of vowel diagraphs? ______, _______, _______ (ai = mail, ee = keep, oa = boat, ea = beach, etc.)

(5)

What is a diphthong? (vowel sounds that combine two separate sounds into a single unbroken sound - ex. “oi” as in boil) Give three examples of diphthongs. ______, ______, _____ (oi = boil, oy = boy, ou = blouse, ow = cow, ew = few)

Learning Tips

(1)

To help your child read spelling patterns correctly, listen to your child read as they read aloud. If you hear a word that is read incorrect, nicely stop and ask your child questions that will help him/her go back and correct their reading. Ask questions such as, Does the word you read make sense? What letter does that word begin with? Can you sound out that word? Do you see any spelling pattern in the word that you are familiar with? Assist your child in solving the word. If your child still has trouble pronouncing the word then read the word to them. Allow your child to first use various ways of problem-solving, before giving your child the word. This will make sure that your child just doesn’t assume that the word will automatically be read to him/her, but will need to try on their own first.

(2)

Remind your child of these simple steps to use when they come to a word that they are unfamiliar with. Step 1 – Look carefully at the unfamiliar word. Step 2 – Look for word parts that you know or words within words and think about the sounds for the letters. For example, in the word “boat” children might identify the word “oat”. Step 3 – Sound out or blend sounds that you know. For example, in the word “thumb” your child might know that the letter t and letter h make the “th” sound. Step 4 – Have your child ask if they word they are reading makes sense in the sentence. Step 5 – Look at any pictures that are given for help. If your child is still having trouble identifying a word, encourage them to use a dictionary to find the pronunciation if the word.

(3)

Use the activity of making words to help your child better read and understand spelling patterns. Start with the word family –ake. This spelling pattern follows the VCe pattern or vowel, consonant, silent e pattern. The silent e makes the first vowel long. Have your child write the word family listed above at the top of a piece of paper. Now have your child think of all the words that use this spelling patter. (Ex. make, cake, take, fake, etc) Have your child list as many words as possible. Continue to do this activity using different spelling patterns.

(4)

Help your child better understand spelling patterns by playing a game of riddles with your child. This activity can be used with any spelling patterns. For example the spelling pattern may be consonant digraphs (sh, th, wh, and ch). A consonant digraph is two consonants put together to create a whole new sound like in the word church. Think of a word that has a consonant diagraph in it. Now think of a riddle that you could give to your child to guess the word. Using the word “sheep”, you might say “My name begins with /sh/ and I can be found on a farm. Your child would have to guess the word. Allow your child to think of a riddle for you to guess. Go back and forth creating riddles for various spelling sounds.

(5)

Using a piece of construction paper, have your child fold the paper so the paper is divided into four equal squares. Have your child write four examples of diphthongs at the top of each square. Diphthongs are vowel sounds that combine two separate sounds into a single unbroken sound. For example, your child might use the spelling patterns oi as in the word boil, oy as in the word boy, ow as in the word cow, and ou as in the word house. Have your child use magazines and/or newspapers to find words that follow these spelling patterns. Have your child cut out the words and glue them on the construction paper. Encourage your child find as many words as possible. An extension activity could be to have your child use these words to create a story.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

How many vowels are there in the alphabet? ______________


(2)

Circle the letters that are vowels.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

(3)

How many consonants are there in the alphabet? ___________


(4)

Circle the letters that are consonants.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

(5)

Underline the vowels in the following words.


found few coin keep each boat

(6)

Circle the consonants in the following words.


found few coin keep each boat

(7)

Using the word family –ake, see how many words can be made by adding a letter or letters. Write the new words on the lines below.


_ake

______________ ____________ ______________

______________ ____________ ______________

______________ ____________ ______________

______________ ____________ ______________

______________ ____________ ______________

______________ ____________ ______________

______________ ____________ ______________


(8)

Circle the words that use the vowel, consonant, silent e spelling pattern (VCe) below.


make bait take


tote throat head


cape bite fruit


might kite bee


(9)





Underline the vowel, consonant, silent e spelling pattern (VCe) in the words below. Remember the silent “e” makes the vowel long.


make fate take


tote kite cape


time bite write


(10)

Vowel digraphs are two vowels that are next to one another and represent one sound. (Usually the sound will be long. Example: “ai” as in rain.) Circle the vowel digraphs in the words below.


each keep beat boat pain raised


(11)

Add the missing vowels to create a new word.


r_ _ se wh_ _ ls c_ _ t tr _ _

(12)

Fill in the blanks using with the vowel digraph “ee” to complete the words below.


k_ _ p m_ _t n_ _d sl_ _ p


(13)

Fill in the blanks using with the vowel digraph “ea” to complete the words below.


cl_ _ n d_ _l pl_ _se m_ _ l


(14)

A diphthong is two vowel sounds that combine two separate sounds into a single unbroken sound. (Example: “oi” as in boil) Circle the diphthongs in the words below.


boy few blouse cow book oil



(15)

Add the missing letters to create a new word.


ab_ _ t _ _ l l_ _ k enj_ _


(16)

Fill in the blanks using with the diphthong “ou” to complete the words below.


th_ _ sand s_ _th n_ _n l_ _d

(17)


Unscramble the letters below to create words from the Word Box. Write the words on the line.


Word Box


now shouted pointed joined


djeoni ___________ own __________


inpotde ___________ udethso __________

(18)

Read the sentence. Find two misspelled words and write them correctly on the line.


I conted five floers that a picked from the garden.

____________________, _____________________

(19)

Circle the pair of letters that fit in the blanks to make a new word.


p _ _ nt


ou ee oa ai


(20)

Circle the pair of letters that fit in the blanks to make a new word.


t _ _ d


ie oa oi ai


(21)

Sort the words below into the correct columns.


ee ea ie


___________ ___________ ___________

___________ ___________ ___________

___________ ___________ ___________



eat agree keep cried least


week tied lie meat


(22)





Circle the word that fits in the blank to make the sentence complete.


Mom had to _____________ the water before she put the noodles in.


boil foil


(23)

Circle the word that fits in the blank to make the sentence complete.


We decorated a ___________ and put candles in it for my sister’s birthday party.


picture cake

(24)

Cross out the word that does not belong in the sentence. Write the sentence on the line.


I think these flowers air are beautiful.

__________________________________________________

(25)

Circle the pair of words that fit in the sentence correctly.


The girl _______________ and _______________ as she saw the famous person.


each, keep jumped, rain pointed, shouted


 

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