2nd Grade - 2nd Grade Spelling, Part 2

 
     
 
     
 
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2nd
Words and Spelling
2nd grade spelling, part 2
Spell basic short-vowel, long-vowel, r-controlled, and consonant blend patterns correctly.
Spell words that have basic short-vowel, long-vowel, r-controlled, and consonant patterns correctly. Read and use basic short-vowel, long-vowel, r-controlled, and consonant patterns correctly. Separate short-vowel, long-vowel, r-controlled, and consonant patterns correctly into groups.
 
 

Building Blocks/Prerequisites

 

Sample Problems

(1)

What is the difference between a consonant and a vowel?

(2)

How many vowels are there in the alphabet?

(3)

What sounds do the short and long-vowel sounds make?

(4)

What are consonant diagraphs? List four consonant diagraphs.

(5)

What is a consonant blend? Underline the consonant blend in the following word. stare

Learning Tips

(1)

There are five vowels a, e, i, o, and u. (Sometimes the letter “y” is considered a vowel. This is only done in words where no other vowels are found. Example = my) All of the other letters in the alphabet are called consonants. Every word must have at least one vowel in it. Help your child understand the differences between vowels and consonants. Using a piece of writing paper, have your child copy the entire alphabet. Encourage your child to read the alphabet to you. Using a crayon, have your child circle the vowels (a, e, i, o, and u). Using a different color crayon, have your child underline the consonants.

(2)

In order to make words with a long vowel sound, a second vowel must usually be added. A vowel can be added directly next to another vowel to make a long vowel sound (ex. coat, beat). This pattern is known as a VVC pattern or vowel-vowel-consonant. An easy way to remember this pattern with vowel sounds, introduce the following rhyme to your child. “When two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking.” For example in the word coat, the two vowels “o” and “a” are next to each other. The “o” is the only vowel sound heard. The “a” is silent. Another pattern would be separating the first vowel with a consonant and then adding a vowel (ex. make, kite). This pattern is known as VCV or vowel-consonant-vowel. In the words listed above the “silent e” makes the first vowel long. Have your child label a piece of paper “Long Vowels”. Using old magazines have your child find as many long- vowel words as possible and glue them onto the page.

(3)

Remind your child that in some words where the letter “r” follows a vowel, the vowel makes a new sound (ex. star, first). (This rule works the majority of the time; however, there are a few exceptions.) This is known as r-controlled or bossy r because the “r” wants to take over the vowel sound.

(4)

A consonant blend is a group of two or three consonants (Ex. fl, br, str, etc.). In a consonant blend every letter is heard. For example, in the word “flag” the letters f and l are blended together, but each still carry their own sound. To help your child better understand consonant diagraphs; have him/her divide a piece of writing paper into three columns. Pick three consonant digraphs and write them at the top of each column. Have your child think of words that have the consonant diagraphs that were listed. This is a great activity that can be done while riding in the car. Encourage your child to look out the window to find words to write.

(5)

A consonant diagraph is two letters put together that create a whole new sound (sh, th, wh, and ch). Consonant diagraphs can come at the beginning, middle, and end of words. To help your child better understand consonant diagraphs, have your child take a piece of construction paper and fold it so there are four boxes. Label a box with each consonant diagraph; sh, th, wh, and ch. Have your child think of as many words as possible that contain consonant diagraphs. For example, the word “sheep” would go in the box labeled “sh”. Have your child share their findings.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Circle the word that makes the short a sound.


tape cab tip

(2)

Circle the word that makes the long i sound.


like look lit

(3)

Fill in the missing letters using a consonant diagraph to

make a word.

_ _ur_ _


(4)

Fill in the missing letters using a consonant diagraph to

make a word.

wi_ _


(5)

Fill in the missing letters using a consonant blend to

make a word.

_ _ ag


(6)

Fill in the missing letters using a consonant blend to

make a word.

_ _ing


(7)


Circle the letters that make the long e sound in the following

word.

beat


(8)

Circle the letters that make the long o sound in the following

word.

float

(9)

Add a letter to the word family shown below to create a word.

_ing


(10)

Add a letter to the word family shown below to create a word.

_ame


(11)

Change the “c” to a “f” in the word below to create a new word.

came


(12)

Change the “b” to a “k” in the word below to create a new word.

bite


(13)

Match the following words to the vowel sound that you hear.


short a tip

short e map

short i fun

short o egg

short u mop

(14)

Match the following words to the vowel sound that you hear.


long a teeth

long e phone

long i make

long o tune

long u fine

(15)

Underline the consonant diagraph in the word below.

watch


(16)

Underline the consonant diagraph in the word below.

thumb


(17)

Underline the consonant blend in the word below.

scare


(18)


Underline the consonant diagraph in the word below.

first


(19)

Add the missing vowel to create the r-controlled word.

st_r

(20)

Add the missing vowel to create the r-controlled word.

th_rsty

(21)


Sort the words in the correct columns.


came beak mine paper breathe tape time


Long a Long e Long i





(22)

Sort the words in the correct columns.


sheep chime where shine thought church whine


ch th sh wh





(23)

Underline the words that have a short vowel and circle the

words that have a long vowel.


time fun egg tame peach pit tip fan pain

(24)

Underline the words that have a short consonant blend and

circle the words that have a consonant diagraph.


church both brand short free story shine crib

(25)

Fill in the blanks to make a word. Read the riddle to help you

find the answer.


I am a fruit that is red and can be picked from a tree. What am I?

_ _ _ _ _


 

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