Spell basic short-vowel, long-vowel, r-controlled, and consonant blend patterns correctly.
Spell words that have basic short-vowel, long-vowel, r-controlled, and consonant patterns correctly. Read and use basic short-vowel, long-vowel, r-controlled, and consonant patterns correctly. Separate short-vowel, long-vowel, r-controlled, and consonant patterns correctly into groups.
There are five vowels a, e, i, o, and u. (Sometimes the letter “y” is considered a vowel. This is only done in words where no other vowels are found. Example = my) All of the other letters in the alphabet are called consonants. Every word must have at least one vowel in it. Help your child understand the differences between vowels and consonants. Using a piece of writing paper, have your child copy the entire alphabet. Encourage your child to read the alphabet to you. Using a crayon, have your child circle the vowels (a, e, i, o, and u). Using a different color crayon, have your child underline the consonants.
In order to make words with a long vowel sound, a second vowel must usually be added. A vowel can be added directly next to another vowel to make a long vowel sound (ex. coat, beat). This pattern is known as a VVC pattern or vowel-vowel-consonant. An easy way to remember this pattern with vowel sounds, introduce the following rhyme to your child. “When two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking.” For example in the word coat, the two vowels “o” and “a” are next to each other. The “o” is the only vowel sound heard. The “a” is silent. Another pattern would be separating the first vowel with a consonant and then adding a vowel (ex. make, kite). This pattern is known as VCV or vowel-consonant-vowel. In the words listed above the “silent e” makes the first vowel long. Have your child label a piece of paper “Long Vowels”. Using old magazines have your child find as many long- vowel words as possible and glue them onto the page.
Remind your child that in some words where the letter “r” follows a vowel, the vowel makes a new sound (ex. star, first). (This rule works the majority of the time; however, there are a few exceptions.) This is known as r-controlled or bossy r because the “r” wants to take over the vowel sound.
A consonant blend is a group of two or three consonants (Ex. fl, br, str, etc.). In a consonant blend every letter is heard. For example, in the word “flag” the letters f and l are blended together, but each still carry their own sound. To help your child better understand consonant diagraphs; have him/her divide a piece of writing paper into three columns. Pick three consonant digraphs and write them at the top of each column. Have your child think of words that have the consonant diagraphs that were listed. This is a great activity that can be done while riding in the car. Encourage your child to look out the window to find words to write.
A consonant diagraph is two letters put together that create a whole new sound (sh, th, wh, and ch). Consonant diagraphs can come at the beginning, middle, and end of words. To help your child better understand consonant diagraphs, have your child take a piece of construction paper and fold it so there are four boxes. Label a box with each consonant diagraph; sh, th, wh, and ch. Have your child think of as many words as possible that contain consonant diagraphs. For example, the word “sheep” would go in the box labeled “sh”. Have your child share their findings.