2nd Grade - Compare And Contrast Plots, Settings And Characters

 
     
 
     
 
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2nd
Stories and Literature
Compare and contrast plots, settings and characters
Compare and contrast plots, setting, and characters presented by different authors.
Use graphs to compare and contrast plots, setting, and characters from different authors. Distinguish between plot, setting, and different characters in different stories.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What does plot mean?

(2)

What does setting mean?

(3)

What are characters?

(4)

What does it mean to compare and contrast?

(5)

What is a Venn Diagram used for?

Learning Tips

(1)

Children often have trouble remembering comparing and contrasting. Remind your child that comparing and contrasting means identifying how things are alike and different. Comparing means to find what two or more objects have in common or alike. Contrast means to find how two or more items are different. Encourage your child to use a Venn Diagram when comparing and contrasting stories. To use a Venn Diagram have your child think of all of the things the two stories have in common and write them in the center of the chart. To contrast the two stories, label each circle with a title of the book. Think of how the two stories are different. List the facts under the correct book.

(2)

To have your child practice the skill of comparing and contrasting, encourage them to read a book or choose a book that can be done as a read aloud with your child (Ex. Charlotte’s Web). Read the book with your child. When the book is finished, allow your child to watch the movie. Before your child watches the movie, make a list with your child. Divide a sheet of writing paper in half. On one side write “Same” and on the other side write “Different”. As your child watches the movie, encourage them to list parts from the movie that are the same and different from the book. After the movie is over, go over the list made with your child. Allow them to describe and add on to their list.

(3)

To find information from stories when comparing and contrasting, remind your child to look back in the story. Teach your child to be the “detective” and find the information needed. To help your child with this skill ask them questions about books that they have read. What is the setting of the story? Who are the main characters? What is the problem? If your child does not know the answer to a question, encourage him/her to reread the story or look back for the information.

(4)

To help your child find information within stories that show comparing and contrasting, help them learn the vocabulary to identify this reading skill. Some examples of words that hint to the use of comparing are: like, still, similar, in comparison, and at the same time. Some examples of contrast hint words are: however, yet, but, rather, in contrast, and nevertheless. Make a list with your child. Divide a sheet of writing paper in half. On one side label “Comparison Words”. On the other side label “Contrasting Words”. List the words in each column, so that your child can become familiar with the set of words.

(5)

To help your child pick out the setting, plot, and characters from their story, have them take notes as they read. Label the three sections plot, setting, and characters. (Plot is the action that takes place in the story and setting is where the story takes place.) As your child reads, have them write short notes for each characteristic that will help them remember details from the story. Your child can complete the same chart for their second story. After both stories are completed, have your child use his/her notes to help compare and contrast the two stories. Your child may want to transfer the information into a Venn Diagram.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

Compare and Contrast the sports of baseball and basketball.


Different Same








(2)

Compare and contrast a tree and a flower.


Different Same


(3)

Brainstorm ideas to create a story.

Plot: _______________________________________________

Characters: _________________________________________

Setting: _____________________________________________

(4)

On a separate sheet of paper draw a Venn Diagram. Label one side apples and one side orange. Complete the Venn Diagram by comparing and contrasting the two fruits.

(5)

What does plot mean? ____________________________

(6)

What is the setting of a story? __________________________

 

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