2nd Grade - Paraphrasing Spoken Language

 
     
 
     
 
Newsletters:
 
     
 
 
2nd
Listening and Speaking
Paraphrasing spoken language
Paraphrase information that has been shared orally by others.
Paraphrase information that has been given. Tell what it means to paraphrase.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What does it mean to paraphrase? (to restate text or words giving the meaning in another form)

(2)

What does it mean to summarize? (tell what’s important from the reading)

(3)

What are some strategies that can be used to practice good listening skills? (listen with both eyes and ears, have someone read aloud to you, focus on the speaker)

(4)

What is it called when information is used word for word by someone without using quotation marks or giving credit to the original author by citing their work? (plagiarism)

(5)

Fill in the blank to complete the sentence.


When paraphrasing use ____________________ wording than that of the author’s.


same alternative


Learning Tips

(1)

Help your child understand that paraphrasing means restating the author’s or speaker’s words by using your own words or thoughts. Usually paraphrased information is shorter than the original text.

(2)

When helping your child to paraphrase information, remind him/her to use his/her own words when rephrasing text or what has been spoken. Remind your child to change around the structure of the sentence as well as wording.

(3)

Your child may have trouble telling the difference between summarizing and paraphrasing. Summarizing is telling the main points of a story or paragraph. Paraphrasing is taking what is written or said and rephrasing it using your own words.

(4)

Remind your child when paraphrasing information that has been shared orally to always note where the information came from. This allows the original speaker to be given credit for the ideas. To help your child become better at paraphrasing information that has been shared orally, take time to practice this concept with him/her. Practice giving thoughts, ideas, or directions to your child. Have your child rephrase the information given using his/her own thoughts and words.

(5)

Remind your child that listening attentively plays an important role in being able to rephrase information that is spoken orally. To help your child practice their listening skills, try reading to your child. After completing a section or chapter, ask your child some questions about the text. If your child is able to answer each question, then he/she listened to the information being shared. This can also be done through conversation. Talk with your child in normal everyday conversation. When finished speaking, ask your child a few questions about the conversation.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

What does it mean to paraphrase? ____________________________

________________________________________________________


(2)

What does it mean to summarize? _____________________________

_________________________________________________________


(3)

List two strategies that can be used to practice good listening skills.


  1. __________________________________________________

  2. __________________________________________________


(4)

Circle the best answer.


What is it called when information is used word for word by someone without using quotation marks or giving credit to the original author by citing their work?


playing plagiarism



(5)

Paraphrase the information below. Use the lines below to write.


Harriet Tubman had a courageous fight for freedom. Not only did she make a remarkable escape from slavery, but she helped many others as well. Harriet Tubman was born into slavery in 1919 or 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland. After escaping to Canada at the age of 25, she put her life in danger as she led hundreds of slaves along the Underground Railroad.


_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________



(6)

Fill in the blank to complete the sentence.


When paraphrasing use ____________________ wording than that of the author’s.


same alternative


(7)

Have someone read the directions below about washing your hands. After hearing the directions, tell them back to the reader using your own words.


Washing your hands is an important way to get rid of germs. First, turn on the water and get your hands wet. Squirt soap on your hands. Rub your hands together making sure to get the front and back. Next, rinse the soap from your hands. Finally, dry your hands on a towel.

(8)

Listen to the directions as someone reads them to you.

Use paper and pencil to complete the directions.

  1. Write your first and last name on your paper.

  2. Circle your first name.

  3. Underline your last name.

  4. Draw a picture of your favorite food underneath your

name.

(9)

Listen to the directions as someone reads them to you.

Use paper and pencil to complete the directions.

  1. Draw a triangle in the center of your paper.

  2. In the center of the triangle draw a star.

  3. Above the triangle draw a square.

  4. To the right of the square draw a circle.


(10)

Have the story Tom’s Fear read aloud to you. Then, answer questions 11-14.


Tom’s Fear


Tom was afraid to go to sleep at night because he thought that something was hiding under his bed. Every night Tom would stay up for hours with his flashlight as he curled up in a ball underneath his covers. His parents were unaware of this and often wondered why he was so tired each morning. Finally, Tom realized that it was time to take charge. This was his bedroom and he was determined to face his fears. That night as his parents tucked him into bed and turned of the light, Tom sat quietly with his flashlight on. He decided that in order to face his fears he would need to climb out of bed and take a look for himself as to what was under his bed. Tom was so nervous. He counted slowly to five and then jumped out of bed with his flashlight in his left hand. He threw back the covers and peered underneath his bed. Nothing. He shined the flashlight from one end to the other. There was absolutely nothing underneath. Tom laughed. He had been staying up for so long now and there was nothing to be afraid of. Tom crawled back into bed. He took a deep breath and turned off his flashlight. Tom drifted quickly to sleep.


What is the main idea of the story? ______________________

__________________________________________________


(11)

Why was Tom afraid to go to bed at night? _________________

____________________________________________________


(12)

Circle the best answer.


What item did Tom use to see if there was anything hiding underneath his bed?


  1. a flashlight

  2. a candle

  3. binoculars


(13)

Circle the best answer.


What did Tom decide he had to do to face his fears?


  1. sing a song

  2. look under the bed

  3. keep holding his flashlight

(14)

Have the directions read to you below out loud. Retell the directions that were said.


  1. Clean your room.

  2. Put dirty clothes in the laundry basket.

  3. Put the dishes from the dishwasher away.

  4. Vacuum the floors.

 

Related Games

 
 

Copyright ©2009 Big Purple Hippos, LLC