2nd Grade - Report On A Topic

 
     
 
     
 
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2nd
Listening and Speaking
Report on a topic
Report on a topic with supportive facts and details
Tell and list facts and details about a topic. Identify the main idea and details about a certain topic. Tell the difference between facts and opinions.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What is the main idea? (the most important sentence in a paragraph that tells what all or most of a paragraph is about) Where in a paragraph is the main idea usually found? (the first sentence or near the beginning of the paragraph)

(2)

What are details? (Besides the topic sentence, all of the other sentences in a paragraph are details. Details tell what the main idea or topic is about.)


(3)

Write three details that go with the main idea listed below. Remember to be creative.

Main Idea: It was a beautiful day to play at the park.


Detail: _____________________________________________

Detail: _____________________________________________

Detail: _____________________________________________

(4)

What is a fact? Give one example of a fact. (a statement that can be proven or information based on real occurrences – The capital of California is Sacramento.)

(5)

What is an opinion? Give one example of an opinion. (your own thoughts a judgment or belief – Chocolate is the best kind ice-cream.)

Learning Tips

(1)

The main idea is the author’s main message or topic as to what the selection or lecture is about. The main idea of a paragraph tells the topic of the paragraph. The topic tells what all or most of the sentences are about. Remind your child that the topic sentence is usually found at the beginning of the paragraph. The first sentence often tells what is being discussed in the passage or what the speaker will talk about.

(2)

Supporting details help the reader or listener understand the main idea better. These details give more information about the main idea. To help your child better understand supporting details; pick a topic that you and your child will be able to talk about. For example, you and your child may choose to discuss the topic of “apples”. Remind your child that the topic of “apples” becomes the main idea. Now have your child tell everything he/she knows about apples. Your child might say, “Apples grow on trees.” “A group of apple trees is called an orchard.” “Apples come in different colors.” Let your child know that all of they statements he/she said are supporting details about the topic of apples.

(3)

To help your child use facts and details that support a topic, decide on a topic that you and your child can discuss. Pick a simple topic such as, “the first day of second grade”. Tell your child that you are going to list some facts and details about the “first day of second grade”. Inform him/her that some facts and details are not going to support the topic being discussed. Your child must pick out the details that do not go with the topic or main idea. For example, you might say: “You meet many new friends.” You get to meet your new teacher.” “You are in a higher grade.” You get to ride rides.” Your child would pick out the sentence about riding rides that does not go with the topic about school. Continue this activity with your child using another topic.

(4)

Remind your child that a fact is a statement that can be proven or information based on real occurrences. An example of a fact is “The capital of California is Sacramento.” A better way to help your child understand facts is to encourage your child to read nonfiction books (books that are true). Take time to go to the library where your child can be shown an entire section of nonfiction books. Nonfiction books contain facts about the subject that is being discussed. These stories are not made up by the author, but stories that tell about things that are true or really happened.

(5)

Remind your child that an opinion is a statement that expresses your own thoughts. This can also be known as a judgment or a belief. An example of an opinion is “Chocolate is the best kind of ice-cream.” Tell your child that opinions are what you may think, however, somebody else might think different. Somebody else might think vanilla is the best kind of ice-cream. When people give their own thoughts these are known as opinions.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

What is the main idea? _____________________________


(2)

Circle the best answer.


Where in a paragraph is the main idea usually found?


  1. the beginning of the paragraph

  2. the middle of the paragraph

  3. the end of the paragraph


(3)

What are details? ____________________________________


(4)

What is a fact? _______________________________________


(5)

Circle the best answer.


What is an opinion?


a judgment or belief a statement that can be proven


(6)

Give one example of an opinion. _________________________

____________________________________________________

(7)

Give one example of a fact. _____________________________

____________________________________________________

(8)

Circle the fact.


The capital of Ohio is Columbus.

Mint ice cream is the best kind of ice cream.

(9)

Put an X next to the statements that are opinions.


_____ The sky is blue.

_____ An apple is a type of fruit.

_____ Roses are the best smelling flowers.

_____ Las Vegas is a city in Nevada.

_____ Green is the prettiest color.


(10)

Sort the statements into the correct columns.


Facts Opinions

________________________ _______________________

________________________ _______________________


There are 50 states in the United States.

Her eyes are so beautiful.

Bananas are a great fruit.

North America is one of the seven continents.


(11)

Write an F next to statements that are facts and write O next to statements that are opinions.


_____ The sky is blue.

_____ An apple is a type of fruit.

_____ Roses are the best smelling flowers.

_____ Las Vegas is a city in Nevada.

_____ Green is the prettiest color.


(12)

Read the story Tom’s Fear. Then, answer questions 12-17.


Tom’s Fear


Tom was afraid to go to sleep at night because he thought that something was hiding under his bed. Every night Tom would stay up for hours with his flashlight as he curled up in a ball underneath his covers. His parents were unaware of this and often wondered why he was so tired each morning. Finally, Tom realized that it was time to take charge. This was his bedroom and he was determined to face his fears. That night as his parents tucked him into bed and turned of the light, Tom sat quietly with his flashlight on. He decided that in order to face his fears he would need to climb out of bed and take a look for himself as to what was under his bed. Tom was so nervous. He counted slowly to five and then jumped out of bed with his flashlight in his left hand. He threw back the covers and peered underneath his bed. Nothing. He shined the flashlight from one end to the other. There was absolutely nothing underneath. Tom laughed. He had been staying up for so long now and there was nothing to be afraid of. Tom crawled back into bed. He took a deep breath and turned off his flashlight. Tom drifted quickly to sleep.


What is the main idea of the story? ______________________

__________________________________________________


(13)

List three details from the story that describe the main idea.


Detail 1: ____________________________________________

Detail 2:_____________________________________________

Detail 3: ____________________________________________


(14)

Why was Tom afraid to go to bed at night? _________________

____________________________________________________

(15)

Circle the best answer.


What item did Tom use to see if there was anything hiding underneath his bed?


  1. a flashlight

  2. a candle

  3. binoculars


(16)

Circle the fact and underline the opinion.


Tom was afraid to go to sleep because he thought something was under his bed.


Tom’s Fear is a scary story.


(17)

Circle the best answer.


What did Tom decide he had to do to face his fears?


  1. sing a song

  2. look under the bed

  3. keep holding his flashlight

(18)

Put an X on the details that do not support the main idea.


Main Idea: Mammals are amazing animals.


These animals have hair or fur on their body.


A human is an example of a mammal.


An apple is a type of fruit.

These animals give birth to live young.


Amphibians are interesting animals.

(19)

The sentences below are mixed up. Read the sentences and circle the sentence that tells the main idea.


Washing Your Hands


Squirt the soap into your hands.

Rub your hands together making sure to get the front and back.

Washing your hands is an important way to get rid of germs.

Rinse the soap from your hands.

First, turn on the water and get your hands wet.

Finally, dry your hands on a towel.


(20)

Read the paragraph. Write the detail on the line that does not support the main idea.


My First Day of Second Grade


I was so excited for my first day of second grade. It was so nice to see my friends from first grade. I really missed them over the summer. My teacher was so nice to me when I walked in the classroom. She told me her name and showed me wear to put my school supplies. Tomorrow for breakfast I will eat pancakes. I found my desk with my name on it and took a seat. I knew it was going to be a great day!


___________________________________________________


(21)

Read the story and answer the question.


Tom’s Fear


Tom was afraid to go to sleep at night because he thought that something was hiding under his bed. Every night Tom would stay up for hours with his flashlight as he curled up in a ball underneath his covers. His parents were unaware of this and often wondered why he was so tired each morning. Finally, Tom realized that it was time to take charge. This was his bedroom and he was determined to face his fears. That night as his parents tucked him into bed and turned of the light, Tom sat quietly with his flashlight on. He decided that in order to face his fears he would need to climb out of bed and take a look for himself as to what was under his bed. Tom was so nervous. He counted slowly to five and then jumped out of bed with his flashlight in his left hand. He threw back the covers and peered underneath his bed. Nothing. He shined the flashlight from one end to the other. There was absolutely nothing underneath. Tom laughed. He had been staying up for so long now and there was nothing to be afraid of. Tom crawled back into bed. He took a deep breath and turned off his flashlight. Tom drifted quickly to sleep.


Read the sentences below. Put an X on the sentences that do not tell about something that happened from the story.


Tom used a flashlight at night when he was scared.


Tom told his parents about his fears.


Tom’s friend helped him check under his bed.


Tom found nothing underneath his bed.


Tom drifted quickly to sleep at the end of the story.

(22)

Write three sentences that could be details for the topic listed below.


Topic: Building a Snowman


Detail 1: ___________________________________________

Detail 2: ___________________________________________

Detail 3: ___________________________________________


(23)

Read the paragraph below. Write a main idea on the line that goes with the details listed in the paragraph.


The trip to the Zoo


__________________________________________. First, we stopped to see the dolphin show. I got wet as the dolphins splashed and played in the tank. Next, we went to see the monkeys. Many of them were eating bananas as they were swinging from the trees. I even saw one make a silly face at me. Finally, I got to see my favorite animal of all; the elephants. Two of the big gray elephants were hosing each other off in the water. As we left the zoo that day, I was already planning my next trip back.

(24)

Read the paragraph. Cross out the detail that does not belong.


My Favorite Subject


My favorite subject in school is Math. I love it because I like to work with numbers. I even practice extra math problems at home. I also like to eat apples for snack. My favorite lesson in Math is when we get to work with money. I am so good at counting change.

(25)

Read the paragraph below. Circle the main idea that best fits on the line below.


The trip to the Zoo


__________________________________________. First, we stopped to see the dolphin show. I got wet as the dolphins splashed and played in the tank. Next, we went to see the monkeys. Many of them were eating bananas as they were swinging from the trees. I even saw one make a silly face at me. Finally, I got to see my favorite animal of all; the elephants. Two of the big gray elephants were hosing each other off in the water. As we left the zoo that day, I was already planning my next trip back.


July is a great summer month.


It was a wonderful day at the zoo.


I like mammals better than reptiles.

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