6th Grade - Point Out Propaganda And Fallacious Reasoning

 
     
 
     
 
Newsletters:
 
     
 
 
6th
Reading and Comprehension
Point out propaganda and fallacious reasoning
Note instances of unsupported inferences, fallacious reasoning, persuasion, and propaganda in text.
Recognize persuasive devices and propaganda in text.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What are the three purposes for writing? (Information, entertainment, persuasion)


(2)

How do you know when you are reading something that is meant to persuade the reader?


(3)

What types of techniques do authors use to try to convince readers? Which techniques are most convincing to you?


(4)

What is an inference? (A logical guess based on evidence) What is an unsupported inference? (A guess that cannot be supported by facts)


(5)

What does fallacious mean? (False) What is fallacious reasoning? (Something that seems reasonable but is not)


(6)

What is propaganda? (An attempt to influence readers through emotions rather than reason)


Learning Tips

(1)

My math teacher throws paper into the trash instead of recycling. He must not care about global warming.” What inference did the writer make? (the teacher doesn’t care about global warming.) Is there support for this inference?

(2)

"Crime went down 56% under George W. Bush's leadership while the economy rose 11%. He must be a great president.” What is the fallacious reasoning here? (He may not have caused those changes.)

(3)

I’ve been to New York twice, and both times it was raining. It must rain in New York every day.” What is wrong with this reasoning? (Overgeneralization)


(4)

Mayor Quimby is the best man to lead us into the future. A vote for Quimby is a vote for success!” Is this factual text (informational), or something else? (Persuasion)


(5)

Read this propaganda from Adolf Hitler and identify how it is meant to appeal to the emotions of its listeners.


"The streets of our country are in turmoil. The universities are filled with students rebelling and rioting. Communists are seeking to destroy our country. Russia is threatening us with her might, and the Republic is in danger. Yes - danger from within and without. We need law and order! Without it our nation cannot survive." - Adolf Hitler, 1932

(6)

Generally, what is missing from text that uses persuasive and propaganda techniques? (Facts/logic)


Extra Help Problems

(1)

Trace the author’s argument about the new cell phone headset law at http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/la-ed-cellphone1-2008jul01,0,1185503.story. What is the author’s position about the new law and using cell phones in the car?

(2)

List examples of the author’s persuasive techniques. Are they logical? Do you agree with him?

(3)

Find 5 examples of advertisements that use persuasive techniques. Analyze the logic of these advertisements. Are their claims emotional, logical, or both?

(4)

Is this statement logical or emotional: “Every kid loves ice cream.”

(5)

Is this statement logical or emotional: “Don’t be a loser! Wear Calvin Klein jeans.”

(6)

Is this statement logical or emotional: “I’m sure everyone will agree that cell phones are dangerous.”

 

Related Games

 
 

Copyright ©2009 Big Purple Hippos, LLC