6th Grade - Making Reasonable Assertions With Accompanying Citations

 
     
 
     
 
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6th
Reading and Comprehension
Making reasonable assertions with accompanying citations
Make reasonable assertions about a text through accurate, supporting citations.
Make statements about a text that can be supported through direct citations (quotes) from the text.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

Jack walked in the room, punched the wall, and cursed loudly.” What assertion, or statement, can we make about Jack?


(2)

Which words tell you that Jack is angry?


(3)

When you are asked to use “direct citations” to support what you are writing, what does that mean and how do you do that? (Direct citations use words directly from the text)


(4)

Why is it important to refer directly to a text when you are making statements about it?


(5)

What kind of punctuation and other information should you use to write citations? (comma, quotation mark, end punctuation inside quotation marks, page numbers)


Learning Tips

(1)

Read this paragraph, from the Pew Center on Global Climate Change (http://www.pewclimate.org/global-warming-basics/kidspage.cfm#Q2).


What is causing global warming?

Scientists agree that the burning of fossil fuels like oil and coal cause greenhouse gases to escape into the air and that these gases are causing most of the warming. Another cause is deforestation (cutting down trees). Trees soak up carbon dioxide, one of the greenhouse gases, from the air.

(2)

What one-sentence assertion, or statement, can you make about the causes of global warming?


(3)

Copy two citations that support your assertion, using correct punctuation.


(4)

Now read this theory about global warming, and prepare to make an assertion about it.


The Science of Global Warming in Perspective (from “Science is Broken” website, http://nov55.com/gbwm.html)


The real cause of global warming could be an increase in solar energy, as critics generally claim; but there is evidence that it is due to variations in heat from the earth's core. Ice ages are caused by oceans heating, which appears to result from increased heat from inside the earth. The primary evidence is the exact cycling of ice ages. Environmental factors would not be so precise. Also, the oceans heating more than the atmosphere points to the heat coming from inside the earth.


(5)

What one-sentence assertion, or statement, can you make about the causes of global warming from this text?

(6)

Copy two citations from this text, supporting the new assertion.


(7)

Write a short paragraph supporting the theory you believe to be true and showing the other theory to be untrue. Use citations.


Extra Help Problems

(1)

Read “The Main Cause of Global Warming” http://timeforchange.org/main-cause-of-global-warming-solutions. Make one assertion about causes of global warming and one assertion about solutions.

(2)

Support each assertion with citations from the article.

(3)

Make up two imaginary citations that would also support your assertion.

(4)

Create or research information which would contradict your assertion, and find (or create) citations that support the opposite view.

(5)


Correct this sentence (includes a citation):

According to a 1992 University of Arizona study ‘The more fluoride a child drinks, the more cavities appear in the teeth.


(6)

Correct this use of citation.

Fluoride is, “More toxic than lead and just slightly less toxic than arsenic".


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