6th Grade - 6th Grade Capitalization

6th grade capitalization
Use correct capitalization.
Be able to capitalize correctly.

Sample Problems


List as many capitalization rules as you can think of. (answers will vary.)


Do you know of any capitalization rules in English that are different in other languages? (e.g. days of week not capitalized in French or Spanish; nouns capitalized in German)


Are directions like east and west capitalized? (only when they refer to regions, like “I live in the West”; not “go west on Main St.”)


What about titles like president, queen, etc.? (only when they are followed by names, like “President Bush” but not “the twentieth president”)


Should you capitalize the words mom and dad? (only when used as a name. “This is my mom” vs. “Do you know where Mom is?”)

Learning Tips


Basic capitalization rules (adapted from http://www.myenglishteacher.net/captilizingletters.html)

1.  The first letter of every new sentence is capitalized.

Example: My mother is from Israel.  My father grew up in Pittsburgh.


2.  The pronoun I is always capitalized.

Example: Robert and I are going to discuss the situation.


3.  Titles of people are only capitalized when they are followed by someone’s name.

Example: That is the president of the United States.

                 That is President Bush.


4.  Proper names of places, specific buildings, rivers, mountains, and other geographic locations are capitalized.

Example:  A:  That is a long river.  

                  B:  Yes, it is.  That is the Nile River, which runs through Africa.

I go to church every week.  I go to the First Baptist Church of New York.


5.  Proper names of people.

Example:  This is my friend.  Her name is Jennifer.


6.  All proper names of: things, companies, religions, deities (gods), and languages.

Intel wants to hire people who speak Spanish and French.

In Hinduism, people worship Krishna, Ganesha, and many other forms of God.


7.  Capitalize the days of the week, months, and holidays.

Valentine’s Day is on Monday, February 14th.


8.  Capitalize names of documents, organizations, clubs, and historical events.

Example:  The Declaration of Independence made the king of England very angry.  This eventually started the United States Revolutionary War. 

The dance will be at the Boys Club in Pittsfield.


9.  Direction words (north, south, east, and west) should only be capitalized when they refer to a region or section of a country. 

Example:  The West offers lots of job opportunities.  

                 A: How do I get to the Moonlight Restaurant?  

                 B: Go west 3 blocks.  It is on the right.


10. Titles of written/recorded works

The first letters of words in titles of books, essays, magazines, poems, movies, TV shows, etc. should be capitalized. It is common to NOT capitalize small words in titles such as: of, a, an, and the.  However, these words should be capitalized if they are the first word in the title.

Example: My favorite movie is The Wizard of Oz.


Try writing a story that includes all 10 capitalization rules. Highlight the capital letters.

Extra Help Problems


Capitalize each word that needs a capital letter.

  1. you don't seem to understand.

  1. why didn't you ask me, aunt liz?

  1. the boy, brian, will be punished for his wrongs.

  1. get out of here, brian.

  1. did you see that, dad?

  1. One famous airplane is the spirit of st. louis.

  1. The reading railroad and the shortline were trains found in atlantic city.

  1. The empire state building used to be the tallest building in the united states.

  1. The washington monument and the lincoln memorial are being renovated.

  1. the nina, pinta, and the santa maria are ships known to all americans.

  1. my father will return next week.

  1. Oh, mom, you don't understand me.

  1. Tomorrow grandmother leaves for Florida.

  1. Did sis want to go with us?

  1. Today mother and i will finish the painting.

  1. The constitution should be studied more in school.

  1. the navaho indians live in interesting buildings.

  1. Did you attend provo high?

  1. Ann lives in canada.

  1. we will be visiting the first baptist church.

  1. my nationality is swedish.


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