6th Grade - Deliver Presentations On Problems And Solutions

Oral Presentations
Deliver presentations on problems and solutions
Deliver presentations on problems and solutions: Offer persuasive evidence to validate the definition of the problem and the proposed solutions.
In a problem-solution presentation, offer effective evidence to present the problems and solutions described.

Sample Problems


What is a problem-solution presentation? (presentation describing one or more problems and offering potential solutions)


What is evidence? (something that provides proof)


What is persuasive evidence? (evidence that effectively moves the audience to accept the speaker’s position)


What are some examples of evidence you could use in a presentation? (citations, anecdotes, statistics, statements from experts)


For what will you need evidence in a problem-solution presentation? (evidence is needed to support both the problem and the solution)

Learning Tips


Take 5 minutes to list as many problems as you can think of that relate to animals (pets, animals used for food, etc.)

Ex: There are too many unwanted animals in our cities.


For one of your problems, find two to three examples (facts, anecdotes, expert statements, statistics, etc.) that could be used as evidence to support your description of the problem.

Ex: In just 7 years, one female cat and its young can produce 420,000 kittens. (Source: Salt Lake County Animal Services)


List two to three solutions for your problem.

Ex: The most obvious solution to the problem of animal overpopulation is spaying and neutering pets.


Find one or two supporting examples for each of your solutions.

Ex: Spaying and neutering is inexpensive. A female dog can be spayed for only $55; a female cat for only $35. Males cost even less to neuter. Many organizations offer discounted or even free spaying and neutering services to those who cannot afford them. (Source: www.utahpets.org)


Create an outline for a problem-solution essay including a description of the problem with two to three pieces of evidence and a description of one to two solutions, each with one to two examples as evidence.

Extra Help Problems


Basic Features of Problem-Solution/Proposal Essays

(From The Concise Guide to Writing by Axelrod and Cooper, 1993, St. Martin's Press)

A Well-Defined Problem 
A proposal is written to offer a solution to a problem.  Before presenting the solution, a proposal writer must be sure that readers know what the problem is.  The writer may also have to establish that the problem indeed exists and is serious enough to need solving.  Sometimes a writer can assume that readers will recognize the problem.  At other times readers may not be aware of the problem.

A Proposed Solution 
Once the problem is established, the writer must present and argue for a particular solution.  Be sure that your topic is narrow and that your solutions are reasonable.

A Convincing Argument 
The main purpose of a proposal is to convince readers that the writer's solution is the best way of solving the problem.  Proposals argue for their solutions by trying to demonstrate:

- that the proposed solution will solve the problem

- that it is a feasible way of solving the problem

- that it stands up against anticipated objections or reservations

- that it is better than other ways of solving the problem

A Reasonable Tone 
Regardless of the proposal or the argument made on its behalf, problem-solution writers must adopt a reasonable tone.  The objective is to advance an argument without "having" an argument.  The aim is to bridge any gap that may exist between writer and readers, not widen it.

Writers can build such a bridge of shared concerns by showing respect for their readers and treating their concerns seriously.  They discuss anticipated objections and reservations as an attempt to lay to rest any doubts readers may have.  They consider alternative solutions as a way of showing they have explored every possibility in order to find the best possible solution.

Most important, they do not attack those raising objections or offering other solutions by questioning their intelligence or goodwill.


Further tips about structuring problem-solution essays:

The essay should be well organized into the following sections:

The introduction

- Identify the problem clearly.

- Recognize the seriousness of the problem.

- Present a thesis statement that effectively defines the concern.

- Support the thesis statement with eye-catching evidences and stats.

- Make an impression that you noticeably understand the problem defined.

The Body

- Analyze the problem well.

- Present some background information about the problem to make the reader familiar with the issue.

- Outline the cause and effect of the problem.

- Give details about the various causes and propose one or more solutions.

- Solutions should be realistic and possible, taking into consideration all the limitations in their practical realizations.

- Sketch out the solutions considered earlier by others for the same problem. Discuss their efficiency and shortcomings discovered so far.

- Choose the most advantageous solution and support it with valid facts and statistics. Do extensive research on the feasibility of the solution.

- Cite remarkable examples.

- Develop a convincing argument for the best solution.

- Find substantial data and information to support your perspective.

- Give reasons that make your suggested solution stand up against anticipated objections or doubts.

- Prove that it is better than other ways of solving the problem.

The Conclusion

- Summarize the significant points discussed in the essay.

- Once again specify the problem and the positive points of your proposed



Student model:

Cheating in America

Did you know that 7 out of 10 students have cheated at least once in the past year? Did you know that 50 percent of those students have cheated more than twice? These shocking statistics are from a survey of 9,000 U.S. high school students.

Incredibly, teachers may even be encouraging their students to cheat! Last year at a school in Detroit, teachers allegedly provided their students with answers to statewide standard tests. Students at the school told investigators that they were promised pizza and money if they cheated on the test as told. Similar allegations at several schools in San Diego county have prompted investigation. A student at a local high school says she sees students cheating on almost every test, and the teachers don’t do anything about it.

The kids claim that they’re tempted to cheat because of peer pressure and intense competition to get top grades. Many kids also say that their parents are setting a bad example by “fudging” on income taxes, lying about age to pay lower admission prices, or cheating their way out of a speeding ticket. They are sending a message to their kids that it is okay to cheat and lie.

Finding solutions to this problem is difficult. In our school’s math classes, each student has different problems on their test papers, so it is useless to look at someone else’s answers. Teachers could also randomly mix the problems throughout the page. Another solution is for adults to lower their expectations. Chances are that students believe cheating is the only way to meet unreasonably high expectations. Perhaps it is time for parents and teachers to seriously examine whether higher test results are important enough to encourage cheating.


For the student model, list the persuasive evidence used by the author to support the description of the problem and solutions.


Write a problem-solution essay on one of the following prompts or a problem of your choosing. Be sure to use persuasive evidence to support your description of the problem and its possible solutions.


Bullying is becoming more and more of a problem in your middle school. Even though teachers are on duty in the hall during each class change it doesn’t stop bullies from harassing other students. Write a letter to your principal in which you suggest a solution to the problem of bullying at your school.


The percentage of children who are overweight is at an all time high. Many of these children are experiencing health problems such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Write a letter to the editor of your local newspaper in which you suggest a solution to the problem of overweight children.


Vandalism has been increasing in your school’s restrooms. Toilets are being clogged up with various objects, paper wads are all over the ceiling, and paper towel holders have been torn off the wall. Write a letter to your teacher in which you suggest a solution to the problem of vandalism in your school’s restrooms.


Your community has an active junior baseball league, but you have noticed more and more parents who misbehave at the games! They yell at their kids, argue with the umpire, and complain to the coach about his decisions. Write a letter to the league chairman in which you suggest a solution to the problem of parents who behave poorly during ball games.


Gas prices are going higher and higher. It is becoming difficult for your family to pay for gas to go to and from work, school, and other activities. Write a letter to the President of the United States in which you suggest a solution to the problem of the rising cost of gasoline.


During the past year, three students at your high school have died in automobile accidents. Your community is grieving and wants an end to this senseless loss of life. Write a letter to the editor of your local newspaper in which you suggest a solution to the problem of teenage traffic fatalities in your community.


Your school has been invaded by ants! Everywhere you look, you can see the little pests: in the lockers, desks, and classrooms. Write a letter to your principal in which you suggest a solution to the pesky problem of ants in your school.


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