6th Grade - Tone And Meaning In Poetry

 
     
 
     
 
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6th
Stories and Literature
Tone and meaning in poetry
Define how tone or meaning is conveyed in poetry through word choice, figurative language, sentence structure, line length, punctuation, rhythm, repetition, and rhyme.
Explain how poetic structure and devices influence tone and meaning in poetry.
 

Sample Problems

(1)

What is the definition of poem/poetry? (a type of literature in which ideas, images, and feelings are expressed in few words; an imaginative awareness of experience expressed through meaning, sound, and rhythmic language choices so as to evoke an emotional response)


(2)

What is figurative language? (words used to express more than their dictionary meaning) What are some examples of figurative language? (simile, metaphor, personification)


(3)

How are poems structured differently than prose? (written in lines instead of paragraphs, some incomplete sentences)


(4)

What is rhyme? Do all poems rhyme?


(5)

What is tone? (shows the writer’s attitude toward the subject, e.g. funny, serious, poignant)

(6)

How is reading a poem different from reading a story?


Learning Tips

(1)

Read this excerpt from “Life Doesn’t Frighten Me” by Maya Angelou.


Shadows on the wall

Noises down the hall

Life doesn’t frighten me at all

Bad dogs barking loud

Big ghosts in a crowd

Life doesn’t frighten me at all.


(2)

Which words rhyme in this poem? How does the rhyme create a link between these words?


(3)

What phrase is repeated? Why do you think the poet repeats this line? What effect does it have on the tone of the poem?


(4)

How is a rhythm established in the poem? What is the effect on the meaning?

(5)

How does the lack of punctuation affect the pace and meaning of the poem? How would the poem read differently with more punctuation?

(6)

Read this excerpt from “Change” by Charlotte Zolotow. How does the line length affect the meaning and emotional impact of the poem? (quietness, stillness, sense of “hanging”)


The summer

still hangs

heavy and sweet

with sunlight

as it did last year.


(7)

What type of figurative language is used in this poem by Langston Hughes? (personification)


April Rain Song

Let the rain kiss you

Let the rain beat upon your head with silver liquid drops

Let the rain sing you a lullaby

The rain makes still pools on the sidewalk

The rain makes running pools in the gutter

The rain plays a little sleep song on our roof at night

And I love the rain.


Extra Help Problems

(1)


Finish the sentences:


The poem/verse made me feel:

What I can take from this poem and use in my own writing is:

The part I liked best was:

I most relate to the part where it talks about:

The part about _______________

can be shortened or lengthened to _______________

I would like to change _________________

to _________________

When listening to the poem, I smelled:

I tasted:

I heard:

I saw:

The part about _______________

reminded me of __________________

The poetic devices I recognized were (rhyme, repetition, metaphor, etc.):

I felt the poem was talking about

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Other reflections:



(2)

Write a love poem using figurative language but no rhyme.

(3)

Write a poem using any combination of poetic devices.

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