6th Grade - Identify The Speaker

 
     
 
     
 
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6th
Stories and Literature
Identify the speaker
Identify the speaker and recognize the difference between first- and third-person narration (e.g. autobiography compared with biography).
Recognize the speaker in a text; recognize the difference between first- and third-person narration
 
 

Building Blocks/Prerequisites

 

Sample Problems

(1)

What is an autobiography? (Life story written by author)


(2)

What is a biography? (Life story written by someone else)


(3)

What is the main difference between biography and autobiography? (The speaker or point of view)


(4)

What pronoun corresponds to “first-person” narration? (I)


(5)

What pronouns correspond to third-person narration? (he/she/they)

Learning Tips

(1)

Read this excerpt from “Lincoln’s Great Depression” (http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200510/lincolns-clinical-depression)


When Abraham Lincoln came to the stage of the 1860 state Republican convention in Decatur, Illinois, the crowd roared in approval. Men threw hats and canes into the air, shaking the hall so much that the awning over the stage collapsed; according to an early account, "the roof was literally cheered off the building." Fifty-one years old, Lincoln was at the peak of his political career, with momentum that would soon sweep him to the nomination of the national party and then to the White House.

Yet to the convention audience Lincoln didn't seem euphoric, or triumphant, or even pleased. On the contrary, said a man named Johnson, observing from the convention floor, "I then thought him one of the most diffident and worst plagued men I ever saw."


(2)

Is this written in first-person or third-person form? Is it biographical or autobiographical? Did Lincoln write this?


(3)

How would you rewrite the text from Lincoln’s point of view, in first-person form? Would he have noticed the approval of the crowd?


(4)

December 20, 1859

I was born Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. My parents were both born in Virginia, of undistinguished families -- second families, perhaps I should say. My mother, who died in my tenth year, was of a family of the name of Hanks, some of whom now reside in Adams, and others in Macon Counties, Illinois. My paternal grandfather, Abraham Lincoln, emigrated from Rockingham County, Virginia, to Kentucky, about 1781 or 2, where, a year or two later, he was killed by indians, not in battle, but by stealth, when he was laboring to open a farm in the forest. His ancestors, who were Quakers, went to Virginia from Berks County, Pennsylvania. An effort to identify them with the New-England family of the same name ended in nothing more definite, than a similarity of Christian names in both families, such as Enoch, Levi, Mordecai, Solomon, Abraham, and the like.


(from http://showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/speeches/autobiog.htm)

(5)

Is this written in first-person or third-person form? Is it biographical or autobiographical? Who wrote this?


(6)

How was it different to read the third-person and first-person accounts? What is the effect of each type of writing?


Extra Help Problems

(1)

Activities based on interview with Martin Luther King (from Playboy magazine, but you don’t have to write that!


INTERVIEWER: Dr. King, are your children old enough to be aware of the issues at stake in the civil rights movement, and of your role in it?

KING: Yes, they are -- especially my oldest child, Yolanda. Two years ago, I remember, I returned home after serving one of my terms in the Albany, Georgia, jail, and she asked me, "Daddy, why do you have to go to jail so much?" I told her that I was involved in a struggle to make conditions better for the colored people, and thus for all people. I explained that because things are as they are, someone has to take a stand, that it is necessary for someone to go to jail, because many Southern officials seek to maintain the barriers that have historically been erected to exclude the colored people. I tried to make her understand that someone had to do this to make the world better -- for all children. She was only six at that time, but she was already aware of segregation because of an experience that we had had.



(http://www.playboy.com/magazine/interview_archive/martin-luther-king-jr/...)

(2)

True or false: This text is written in third-person form (F)


(3)

Highlight the words identifying the speaker.

(4)

Look online for biographical statements about Martin Luther King Jr. and his terms in jail. How do the writers explain these incidents? Does it match his own statement in the excerpt above?

(5)

Write a one-page autobiography.

(6)

Write a one-page biography of someone in your family.

(7)

Write a one-page biography about yourself from someone else’s point of view.

 

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