6th Grade - Using Evidence, Visual Media And Technology In Presentations

Research and Technology
Using evidence, visual media and technology in presentations
Organization and Delivery of Oral Communication Support opinions with detailed evidence and with visual or media displays that use appropriate technology.
For a persuasive composition, support the position with pertinent and well-organized evidence.

Sample Problems


What is the purpose of most speeches? (to show or convince the audience of an opinion or persuade them to do something)


What is one way to support your opinions? (using evidence)


What is evidence? (facts to support an assertion)


What is detailed evidence? (evidence presented thoroughly and clearly)


What do many speakers use to make their speeches more dramatic and/or to illustrate their points? (visuals and other media)


What are some examples of visuals and media that can be used to enhance a speech? (Power Point, slides, music, video)

Learning Tips


Persuasion Planning Sheet (adapted from http://www.readwritethink.org/lesson_images/lesson875/PersuasionMapPlann...)

Persuasion Map Planning Sheet

Goal or Thesis

A goal or thesis is a statement that describes one side of an arguable viewpoint.

What is the thesis or point you are trying to argue?

Main Reasons

You will need some good reasons to support your goal or thesis.

Briefly state three main reasons that would convince someone that your thesis is valid.

Reason 1

Reason 2

Reason 3

Facts or Examples

What are some facts or examples you could state to support this reason and validate this argument?

Fact or Example 1

Fact or Example 2

Fact or Example 3


A piece of persuasive writing usually ends by

summarizing the most important details of the argument

and stating once again what the reader is to believe or



Speechwriting tips (adapted from http://teacher.scholastic.com/Writewit/speech/tips.htm)

Choose Your Main Ideas
Don't try to put too many ideas into your speech. Research shows that people remember very little from speeches, so just give them one or two ideas to hang on to.

Use Concrete Words and Examples
 Concrete details keep people interested. For instance, which is more effective? A vague sentence like "Open play spaces for children's sports are in short supply," or the more concrete "We need more baseball and soccer fields for our kids."?

Get Your Facts Together
 You want people to believe that you know what you're talking about, so you'll need to do some research. Use the library or the Internet to do research. Your speech will sound really strong if you have the facts to back it up.

Persuade With a Classic Structure
 In a speech where you're trying to persuade someone, the classic structure is called "Problem-Solution." In the first part of your speech you say, "Here's a problem, here's why things are so terrible." Then, in the second part of your speech you say, "Here's what we can do to make things better." Sometimes it helps to persuade people if you have statistics or other facts in your speech. And sometimes you can persuade people by quoting someone else that the audience likes and respects.


Using visual aids (adapted from http://wps.ablongman.com/ab_public_speaking_2/24/6223/1593275.cw/index.html)

Just as your organizational pattern assists you and your audience in following your argument, visual aids provide clarity and visual support for your main points.

Visual aids can enhance your credibility, clarify your points, make your talk more interesting, and assist an audience in comprehension and retention.

Visual aids can also detract from your credibility, muddle your points, distract your audience from your main points, and cause your audience to pay more attention to your skills with graphic design than to your ability to inform or to persuade.

Types of visualsCharts and graphs are useful for showing how numbers relate. Check the weather, stock and/or baseball page of a major newspaper to see how large amounts of information can be charted with color and space.

Videos and tapes add movement to your talk. Use short clips and be sure to cue up your tape/DVD ahead of time. Because every video player is different, rehease play before your talk. Consider how you will dim the lights if needed.

Objects and models can be useful as well as long as everyone in the audience can see your prop. It is almost always a bad idea to pass an object around the room while you are talking.

You are, of course a visual aid. Other people can be useful as well to demonstrate how to do something. Be sure to work with your volunteer ahead of time to ensure that your partner does not upstage you! Coaches use volunteers often to demonstrate how to perform; watch how they do this well.


Tips Using PowerPoint and other Computer-Generated Presentations

Slide shows can enhance your presentation. If your delivery is not particularly dynamic, you might camouflage this with visual aids.

Experts in graphics design suggest that projected slides ought to use san serif font rather than the default Times New Roman that you will find in Power Point. Change the master slide (go to view, master slide) to a font like Arial, Tahoma, or Verdana. In addition, change the default size of the font to something larger, 40 or larger.

Make your background a dark color (like deep blue) and your font colors white and/or yellow. This minimizes the glare that white screens can create.

How to avoid “death by Power Point”

Too often, speakers hide behind their slides. Remember that visual aids, like Power Point, are designed to assist you in your presentation. The slides are not your presentation.

Another problem that presenters may experience is the need to dim the lights when using a projecter. If you do not have a remote mouse, consider purchasing one to enable you to move from to engage the audience.

If possible, place the screen or monitor into a corner so that you remain front and center with your audience. Otherwise, you will need to move often so that you are not blocking your audience from seeing the slides.

Learn some tricks for using slide presentationsWhen rehearsing your talk, you can time your presentation with the Power Point slide rehearse timings. (Go to slide show, rehearse timings.)

When delivering your talk, blacken the screen if someone asks a question that does not directly relate to your slide. On the keyboard, press the "b." When you are ready to resume your slide show, press the "b" again to restore.

If you want to move to another slide, you need only press the number of the slide (# and then enter) to move to whatever slide you want. This is particularly useful if a question arises.


You are preparing a speech for the school board in favor of healthier cafeteria food, which they believe will also be more expensive. What kind of evidence would be effective?

(statistics on childhood obesity; reasonable prices for healthy foods; calorie and nutrition information on current food; statements from school cooks and a nutritionist)


Where could you go to find your evidence?

(talk to cafeteria staff; call a nutritionist; district food services website; nutrition website)


What types of visual aids could you use?

(a graph of increasing average weight in children; calorie counts of a typical school lunch, a short video about the importance of nutrition to learning, a video statement from an expert)

Extra Help Problems


Watch the video at http://www.expertvillage.com/video/43506_powerpoint-beginners-intro.htm and answer the question: What is Power Point?


How do you create a new presentation in Power Point?



What are the different views in Power Point and how do you change between views? http://www.expertvillage.com/video/43509_powerpoint-beginners-viewchangeone.htm


What is a master template and how do you use it? http://www.expertvillage.com/video/43511_powerpoint-beginners-mtemplates.htm


What are “objects” in slides and how do you manipulate them? http://www.expertvillage.com/video/43513_powerpoint-beginners-objects.htm


What is a graphics template and how do you use it? http://www.expertvillage.com/video/43512_powerpoint-beginners-gtemplates.htm


Write a short speech with accompanying graphics for any of the following topics, or choose one of your own. Be sure to include detailed supporting evidence and that your visuals are effective.


Alcohol should be made illegal again.


Smoking should be made illegal.


Boys and girls should attend separate schools.


The U.S. school year should be longer.


Illegal immigrants should not receive treatment in hospitals.

Copyright ©2009 Big Purple Hippos, LLC