3rd Grade - Multiplication Facts From 1 To 10

 
     
 
     
 
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3rd
Multiplication and Division
Multiplication Facts from 1 to 10
Memorize to automaticity the multiplication table for numbers between 1 and 10
Number Sense: Multiplication tables from 1 to 10. Memorize the multiplication table for numbers between 1 and 10 so that no hesitation is expressed in responding with the answer when problems are presented at random.
 
 

Building Blocks/Prerequisites

 

Sample Problems

(1)

Does the order of the numbers matter when multiplying? (No)

(2)

What does multiplying mean? (to increase in number and find the product in multiplication)

(3)

How can I show multiplying with manipulatives? (by counting multiple groups of the same number)

(4)

9 x 3 = (27)

(5)

30 = 6 x ? (5)

Learning Tips

(1)

Help children to understand what multiplication involves, and offer the motivation for becoming competent at this skill by setting up addition problems such as 4 + 4+4=? While we could add up these numbers, when the numbers to be added up are the same, we can instead express this problem as the number we’re given (4) multiplied by the number of times we were asked to add it. The correct way to write this is 4 x 3 (or 3 x 4) = ?.

(2)

Help children visualize what they are doing by providing small manipulatives (the most you will need is 100 so you may want to use pennies as 100 pennies is easy to get by asking a bank to change a dollar bill for you). First, make sure that children understand that this new skill, “multiplication” is a short-cut for a particular type of addition problem—a problem in which all of the numbers to be added together are the same. If the number of items in each group in this problem is the same, then when we count up how many times it was to be added together, we can think of that as how many groups there are. In our 4 x 3 example, there could be 4 items each in 3 groups or there could be 3 items in each of 4 groups. Use manipulatives to make sure that your child sees that the answer (called the “product” is the same, regardless. Use this information to motivate: the number of combinations to be learned is less than it might seem because combinations are really duplicates of each other. You might count up how many problems it looks like there are, based on the chart (see online section for a link to a nicely-printed chart) and then count up how many there really are after you eliminate the duplicates.

(3)

Once children understand what they are learning, becoming skilled at reciting the multiplication tables is a matter of repetition until the chart is memorized. Look for fun, rhythmic ways to accomplish this. For example, children can toss beanbags from hand to hand, around their backs, under their legs as they chant the multiplication tables. A rhythmic game such as this encourages not “stalling” over some of the combinations. Children could also jump rope as they recite the multiplication tables. However, because no one can learn two new things at the same time, choose a rhythmic activity that your child is already able to do easily so that the brainwork needed to memorize multiplication facts isn’t diverted to learning the physical activity.

(4)

Daily mental math in the form of storytelling can help children remember the times tables. For example, five squirrels go into the forest and each one collects two nuts. How many nuts did they collect in all? (10)

Children can illustrate the simple stories for more reinforcement.

(5)

Teach children how to skip count numbers in each times table. Skip counting means to skip over numbers and count by greater than 1. Children can color a hundreds chart with different colors to represent the skip counting. For example, counting by 2’s can be done in yellow, by threes in green. Overlapping numbers can be circled in multiple colors.

(6)

Children can bounce a ball while skip counting. They can start bouncing the ball while counting by one, then they can continue to count by ones, but only bounce the ball when they say a number in the 2s, 3s, etc.

(7)

Use multiplication flash cards with the problem on the front and the answer on the back.

Extra Help Problems

(1)

1 x 5 = (5)

(2)

5 x 8 = (40)

(3)

5 x 9 = (45)

(4)

2 x 0 = (0)

(5)

3 x 9= (27)

(6)

7 x 8 = (56)

(7)

9 x 9 = (81)

(8)

5 x 6 = (30)

(9)

9 x 6 = (54)

(10)

0 x 9 = (0)

(11)

2 x 9 = (18)

(12)

8 x 8 = (64)

(13)

9 x 4 = (36)

(14)

7 x 3 = (21)

(15)

6 x 7= (42)

(16)

4 x 6 = (24)

(17)

8 x 2 = (16)

(18)

9 x 1 = (9)

(19)

6 x 7 = (42)

(20)

4 x 7 = (28)

(21)

9 x 5 = (45)

(22)

7 x 9 = (63)

(23)

6 x 9 = (54)

(24)

8 x 7 = (56)

(25)

6 x 6 = (36)

(26)

2 x ____ = 16 (8)

 

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