Ask children count up to 100, then 200, etc. and when they are successful, ask them to “keep counting” until you see that they know how to make each transition into the next place value (99 to 100; 999 to 1,000, etc.) Encourage children to count by 5s, 10s, and 100s up to 10,000.
Have children use manipulatives to count to 100 and then use a different color as the child counts by hundreds after that. Children can continue counting (by hundreds) and adding colored manipulatives.
As children count, have the child stand and move to a placard/number line on the floor that is labeled with appropriate 100 or 1000 markers. Children continue to move along the floor to the correct place on the number line as they count.
Have children jump rope while counting by various increments (e.g.,10s, 100s). They can come in and out of jumping while two other friends or adults turn the rope.
Use base ten blocks to show different ways of making numbers up to 10,000.
If children have trouble reading the large number, have them cover the numbers to the right of the comma and just read what’s to the left before uncovering the rest and reading on.
Have children walk around a particular landmark while counting steps. If children falter as they cross over into the next place-value group (100s to 1,000, 1,000s to 10,000, 10,000s to 100,000) allow children to carry a card with the names or numbers on them in order so they have a reference tool.
Children need to understand the basic mathematical principle that counting is the same thing as “adding one.” This can be demonstrated by using cubes or stair steps to add one, or step up one, while counting. Similarly, counting “by two’s” is the same thing as adding two. Understanding this greatly simplifies children’s understanding of how adding more items to a set can be indicated by counting more items into the set. As one more is added, counting the items now in that set will indicate that the learner must count one number higher to account for that addition of one item.
Commas (in the United States; periods are used in some countries) are placed in numbers to facilitate reading and to assist in aligning numbers. Placing a comma does not change the value of the number. Place commas by counting the number of digits from RIGHT TO LEFT (from the end of the number). After counting 3 digits, place a comma. Continue to count digits by 3s, placing commas until there are only 1 or 2 digits left at the left (the beginning) of the number.
To help children gain an understanding of large numbers and how we use them in real life, look at a population map (http://www.mapsofworld.com/usa/thematic-maps/usa-population-map.html) and find out how many people live in your city or town (or one near you). Write the number down and compare it to other towns in the United States. Read the number out loud. Does that seem like a big number to you? A smaller number than you expected?
If you allow your children to play games of skill on the computer find one (like Bejeweled 2) that allows an “endless” game. In “Bejeweled 2” the endless game allows the player to continue to match jewels (and earn points) without ever encountering a board in which no moves are possible. It is, therefore, possible to amass a score literally in the millions. Such scores offer an excellent chance for your child to practice reading very large numbers and because the child “earned” those points, it is extremely motivating to learn to read large numbers.
Unscramble by writing these numbers in order, from smallest to largest: 456, 764, 980, 342, 345, 435 = (342, 345, 435, 456, 764, 980)
Unscramble by writing these numbers in order, from smallest to largest: 9, 99999, 9999, 99, 999. Place commas where required. (99, 999, 9,999, 99,999)
Add one to each of these numbers and then place in order, from lowest to highest. Place commas as required: 9, 99999, 9999, 99, 999. Place commas where required. (10; 100, 1,000; 10,000; 100,000.
Unscramble by writing these numbers in order, from smallest to largest and place commas correctly: 9792, 1039, 1079, 1974, 1144, 6492, 4029, 93821, 92. (92; 1,039; 1,079; 1,144; 1,974; 4,029, 6,492, 9,382; 9,792)
Unscramble by writing these numbers in order, from smallest to largest and place commas correctly: 104, 1040, 1, 10, 1004, 401 (1, 10, 104, 1,004, 1,040)
Fill in the missing blank:
Two-thousand four hundred six is 2,_0_. (2,406)
Four thousand and four: 4, ___04 (4,004)
One-hundred and eight: ___08 (108)
Five-thousand, eighty-two 5, 0 ___two (5,082)
Nine-thousand and nine 9,___ ___9 (9,009)
Write these numbers in numerical form, placing commas as needed:
Two-thousand four hundred six (2,406)
One-hundred and two (102)
One-thousand, eighty (1, 080)
Nine-thousand and one (9,001)
One-hundred fifty-five (155)
Six-thousand, four (6,004)
One-thousand, seven (1,007)
One-hundred and nine (109)
Six-thousand, one-hundred and four (6,104)
Five-thousand and fourteen (5,014)
If a penguin ate 2,000 fish on Monday, 3,000 fish on Tuesday, and 4,000 fish on Wednesday. On what day would he eat more than 10,000 fish for the week? (Thursday) How many fish do you think he ate on Thursday? (5,000)
Write 458 in words. (four hundred fifty eight)
If 9,000 people attend a concert, how many more would need to come to make a 10,000 person party? (1,000)
What number comes after 999? (1,000)
What number comes next to complete this pattern? 555, 556, 557, ____. (558)
Fill in the missing number: 989, 988, 987, _____, 985. (986)
The school had 105 students that each got a pencil to use for writing a contest. The next day, three more students enrolled in the school writing contest. Count up to find out how many pencils the teachers have to give out all together. (108)
Write 10,000 in words. (ten thousand)
How many zeros are in the number ten thousand? (4)
If a dog wags his tail 955 times, what number will the next wag be?
Read the numbers 8,675 and 8,765. Write them in words. (eight thousand, six hundred seventy five and eight thousand seven hundred sixty five)
Write the numbers from 1,126-1,137 on your paper. (1,126, 1,127, 1,128, 1,129, 1,130, 1,131, 1,132, 1,133, 1,134, 1,135, 1,136, 1,137)
Say the number nine thousand six hundred aloud. Write it down in standard form. (9,600)
Write the five numbers that come after 8,976. (8,977, 8,978. 8,979. 8,980, 8,981)
Write ten thousand eight hundred sixty in numeral form. (10,860)
Write 9,045 in written form. (nine thousand forty five)
Write a number sentence for the following: A giant walked forward 80 paces and then backwards for 30 paces. How many paces forward did he walk in the end? (80-30=50)
An ogre walked 100 paces around each of his four gardens. How many paces did he walk? (100 x 4 = 400 or 100 + 100+ 100 + 100 = 400)