3rd Grade - Fairy Tales, Myths, Legends And Fables

Stories and Literature
Fairy tales, myths, legends and fables
Comprehend basic plots of classic fairy tales, myths, folktales, legends, and fables from around the world.
Student is familiar with various forms of fictions. Student knows what makes a story a fairy tale, myth, folktale, legend, and/or fable. Student understands that these stories have different versions from various parts of the world.

Sample Problems


What is a fairy tale? A fairy tale is a fantasy story that usually involves magic, royalty, and talking animals.


What is a myth? A myth is a story handed down through history, often through oral tradition, that explains the unknown. Myths are fiction stories and usually involve monsters and gods such as in Greek mythology and Roman mythology.


What is a folktale? A folktale is a fiction story usually formed from an oral tradition. Fables, fairy tales, and legends are folktales.


What is a legend? Legends are fictional stories passed down through oral tradition that often contain a moral or lesson to uphold the values of a culture.


What is a fable? A fable is a short, fictional animal tale usually with a moral or lesson at the end.

Learning Tips


Find out your child’s favorite fairy tale and try to find a different version of it from a different part of the world at a bookstore or library. Read it with your child and talk about the differences in that version.


Many folktales, legends, myths, and fables will come in one book that has a collection from a particular region. Look for one at a bookstore or library and read it with your child. Talk to your child about the cultural aspects in the book (food, clothes, traditions, etc.).


Many children are familiar with fairy tales and folk tales because they have been made into popular kids’ movies. Have your child compare and contrast a book version with a movie version.


Many folktales and fables teach lessons. Pick one that you feel your child might benefit from. Discuss the lesson with your child and how this might apply to them.


Many different versions of fairy tales from around the world may not clearly tell you in the title what its western version fairy tale is. Read it with your child and see if they can figure out its western version.

Extra Help Problems


Click on the first link below to read the story A Caterpillar’s Voice. Answer the following questions.

Is this story nonfiction, realistic fiction, or a folktale?


Why does the hare ask the jaguar to help him get his home back?


Why are all the animals afraid of a small caterpillar?


Who is finally able to get the hare his home back? How?


What is the hare’s problem in the story?


What lesson is the story trying to teach?


How do you know this is a fable?


Who does the hare first ask for help?


Click on the second link below to read the story Pisi Fable. Answer the following questions.

Why does Pisi get upset with the lambs?


How do the lambs feel about Pisi at the beginning of the story?


What is the solution in the story?


Is this story nonfiction, realistic fiction, or a fable?


What does Pisi do to the lambs because he is upset with them?


Where were the lambs when their father was looking for them?


What lesson is the story trying to teach?


How do you know this is a folktale?


Click on the third link below to read the story A Wise Little Girl. Answer the following questions.

Where is this folktale from?


What is the problem in the story?


How do we know that the foal belongs to the owner of the mare and not the stallion?


Why does one brother ask his daughter for the answer to the Emperor’s questions?


Why did the emperor not give the foal to the owner of the mare even though he knew it belonged to him?


Why did the brother cry when the emperor told him to bring his daughter to him?


What lesson is the story trying to teach?


How do you know this is a folktale?


How does the girl save her own life?


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