3rd Grade - Rhythmic Patterns, Alliteration And Onomatopoeia

Stories and Literature
Rhythmic patterns, alliteration and onomatopoeia
Recognize the similarities of sounds in words and rhythmic patterns (e.g., alliteration, onomatopoeia) in a selection.
Student is able to find rhyming words and other rhythmic patterns in a poem or story.

Sample Problems


What is alliteration? Alliteration is when two or more words in a poem begin with the same letter or sound.


What is onomatopoeia? Onomatopoeia is used to describe words that look like the sound they are describing.


Does this story or poem have a rhythmic pattern?


Does this story or poem have rhyming words?


What is the rhythmic pattern in the story or poem?

Learning Tips


Onomatopoeia and alliteration are words that are not likely to be remembered easily. Have your child make a visual to help them remember. They can make a bubble map with the topic (either onomatopoeia or alliteration) in the middle and then write a few examples of each around them.


Concentration is a great game to play to help kids get practice with rhythmic patterns and words. Choose a pattern that everyone knows will be used during that round. For example, names that start with the letter ‘s’.


Rhythmic patterns are commonly seen in poems. Once children get older, poetry is not used as much in the classroom as the focus becomes more on informational texts and longer reading passages. Make sure your child is till exposed to poetry at home. Go to your local library or bookstore and find a fun collection of poems.


If your child is having a hard time finding a rhythmic pattern in a reading selection, make a copy of the text. Read the text with your child. After the first read, give your child a highlighter and reread together looking for patterns. When your child finds one have them highlight the words or lines.


Writing poetry will also give your child practice with rhythmic patterns. After reading a poem that your child really likes, suggest that they write a poem in the style of the poem they like.

Extra Help Problems


Buzz is an example of:


Wayne’s whirling words were wonderful is an example of:


The use of words whose sounds make you think of their meaning is:


Write an example of onomatopoeia


Write an example of alliteration


Write two rhyming words


Circle the rhyming words: A) caught B) sail C) bought D) cat


Click on the first link below and scroll down to read “Daddy’s Gone a Hunting.” Then answer the following five questions.

What two rhyming words do you see in the first two lines?


What two rhyming words do you see in the last two lines?


Which line in the poem is an example of alliteration?


How did you know the line above is an example of alliteration?


What words are repeated in the poem?


Click on the second link below and scroll down to read “Six Buzzing Bumblebees.” Then answer the following five questions.

What pattern(s) do you see in this poem?


Give an example of four rhyming words in this poem.


What is an example of onomatopoeia in line 3?


What is an example of alliteration in this poem?


The line ‘Six buzzing bumblebees’ is an example of:


Drip is an example of:


Underline the rhyming words in the following line:

The rain in Spain stays mainly on the plane.


Circle the rhyming words: A) said B) sail C) bought D) bed


What word rhymes with ball?


What word thymes with sail?


What word rhymes with chase?


What word rhymes with mouse?


What word rhymes with arrow?



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